Medical Informatics

Geographic Information Systems in Health Care Services

Abstract Geographic information systems (GIS) have numerous applications in human health. This topic opens with a brief discussion of the three dimensions of decision-making in organizations — operational control, management control, and strategic planning. These dimensions are then discussed in terms of three case studies: a practice-improvement case study under operational control, a service-planning case […]

Information Technology (IT) and the Healthcare Industry: A SWOT Analysis

Abstract The healthcare industry is under pressure to improve patient safety, operate more efficiently, reduce medical errors, and provide secure access to timely information while controlling costs, protecting patient privacy, and complying with legal guidelines. Analysts, practitioners, patients and others have concerns for the industry. Using the popular strategic analysis tool of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, […]

The Core Governmental Perspectives of E-Health

Introduction Public healthcare is facing huge future challenges in order to deal with rising costs, growing demands of customers, information flow, demographic changes, and aging population. The healthcare service sector can be seen as an information intensive area during an era of innovation and information technology (cf. Bellamy & Taylor, 1998). According to McLaughlin, Rosen, […]

Differences in Computer Usage for U.S. Group Medical Practices: 1994 vs. 2003

Abstract Research on the use of information technology in healthcare has focused on hospitals and Health Management Organizations (HMOs). However, little has been done to study the use of IT in group medical practices. In 1994, we conducted a pilot study of group medical practices and then repeated this pilot study in 2003 to obtain […]

Medical Education in the 21st Century

Introduction As with many disciplines, the fields of healthcare in general and medicine, in particular, have made vast strides in improving patient outcomes and healthcare delivery. But, have healthcare professionals and medical academia been able to maximize the utilization of new technologies to improve the delivery of the right knowledge, to the right people, at […]

Knowledge Management in Healthcare

Abstract Healthcare organizations are facing many challenges in the 21st Century due to changes taking place in global healthcare systems. Spiraling costs, financial constraints, increased emphasis on accountability and transparency, changes in education, growing complexities of biomedical research, new partnerships in healthcare and great advances in IT suggest that a predominant paradigm shift is occurring. […]

Healthcare Knowledge Management

Introduction The healthcare environment is changing rapidly, and effective management of the knowledge base in this area is an integral part of delivering high-quality patient care. People all over the world rely on a huge array of organizations for the provision of healthcare, from public-sector monoliths and governmental agencies to privately funded organizations, and consulting […]

Knowledge Management in Hospitals

Abstract The medical field in recent years has been facing increasing pressures for lower cost and increased quality of healthcare. These two pressures are forcing dramatic changes throughout the industry. Managing knowledge in healthcare enterprises is hence crucial for optimal achievement of lowered cost of services with higher quality. The following topic focuses on developing […]

An Overview of Efforts to Bring Clinical Knowledge to the Point of Care

Abstract By bringing people the right information in the right format at the right time and place, state of the art clinical information systems with imbedded clinical knowledge can help people make the right clinical decisions. This topic provides an overview of the efforts to develop systems capable of delivering such information at the point […]

Issues in Clinical Knowledge Management: Revisiting Healthcare Management

Abstract The objective of this topic is to examine some of the key issues surrounding the incorporation of the Knowledge Management (KM) paradigm in healthcare. We discuss whether it would it be beneficial for healthcare organizations to adopt the KM paradigm so as to facilitate effective decision-making in the context of healthcare delivery. Alternative healthcare […]