SUMMARY (Induction Motor)

Induction motors, especially those of the squirrel-cage type, are the most common sources of mechanical power in industry. Supplied from a three-phase ac line, they are simple, robust, and inexpensive. Although most motors operate with a fixed frequency resulting in an almost constant speed, ASDs are increasingly introduced in a variety of applications. Such a drive must include a power electronic converter to control the magnitude and frequency of the voltage and current supplied to the motor. A control system governing the operation of the drive system is usually of the digital type.
Common mechanical loads can be classified with respect to their inertia, to the torque-speed characteristic (mechanical characteristic), and to the control requirements. Depending on the particular application, the driving motor may operate in a single quadrant, two quadrants, or four quadrants of the (o>M,rM) plane.

Scalar control methods,

in which only the magnitude and frequency of the fundamental voltage and current supplied to the motor are adjusted, are employed in low-performance drives. If high dynamic performance of a drive is required under both the steady-state and transient operating conditions, vector techniques are used to adjust the instantaneous values of voltage and current.

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