Image Processing Reference
Dekany, R.G., M. Troy, G. Brack, C.A. Bleau, R.C. DuVarney, M.A. Ealey,
“1600 actuator tweeter mirror upgrade for the Palomar Adaptive Optics Sys-
tem (PALAO),” Proceedings of SPIE , 4007 , 175-179 (2000).
Roque de los Muchachos Observatory
The Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, located on La Palma, Canary Islands, is
home to several telescopes, including the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) and
the Isaac Newton Group (ING) telescopes. The TNG is a 3.58 m telescope and the
largest ING telescope is the 4.2-m William Herschell Telescope; both are equipped
with adaptive optics systems that have a separate fast-steering mirror to correct
tip-tilt along with a high-order corrector. The altitude of the observatory is
Richard, M., et al., “NAOMI adaptive optics system for the 4.2 m William
Herschel telescope,” Proceedings of SPIE , 4839 , 647-658 (2003).
Ragazzoni, R., et al., “Adaptive optics module for TNG (AdOpt@TNG): a sta-
tus report,” Proceedings of SPIE , 2871 , 905-909 (1997).
The Center for Astronomical Adaptive Optics (CAAO) is located at the Steward
Observatory of the University of Arizona. The CAAO is involved in the develop-
ment of a number of adaptive optics projects, including the natural guide star adap-
tive optics system on the Multi Mirror Telescope on Mt. Hopkins, which employs
an adaptive secondary mirror.
Brusa, G., et al., “MMT-AO: two years of operation with the first adaptive sec-
ondary,” Proceedings of SPIE , 5490 , 23-33 (2004).
The U. S. Air Force offers two main sites for work in adaptive optics: the Starfire
Optical Range (SOR) at Kirtland Air Force Base in New Mexico and the Air Force
Maui Optical Station (AMOS) on Maui, Hawaii. The SOR system has a 3.5-m tele-
scope equipped to support using natural and laser guide star systems. The AMOS
telescope is at an altitude of 3058 meters.