Defense Sciences


An agency under the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency that develops military technologies.

The tremendous influence of science and technology on war during the second half of the twentieth century mirrored the equally momentous influence that war had on science and technology. The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) played a key role in the Department of Defense and army research and development programs. The dynamic organizational structure of ARL provides insight into army research and development programs and technological core competencies including some basic research, a substantial exploratory development program, and a continuing effort to “field” technology through a succession of advanced technology demonstrations.

Other agencies draw on expertise in computer science, mathematics, operations research, electrical engineering, and physics. The Advanced Information Technology Center concentrates on access to the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA), College Financial System (CFS), and Information Technology Standards Library. In addition, the DISA mission is to plan, engineer, develop, test, and manage programs; to acquire, implement, operate, and maintain information systems for C4I (an Air Force geographic information system for communication planning and modeling); and to provide mission support under all conditions of peace and war. It also contains information about the Defense Research and Engineering Network, which is the networking component of the Department of Defense (DOD) High Performance Computing Modernization Program.

The Defense Technology Information Center provides access to and transfer of scientific and technical information for DOD personnel, for example, to the Office of Naval Research (ONR). The ONR coordinates, executes, and promotes the science and technology programs of the United States Navy and Marine Corps through universities, government laboratories, and nonprofit organizations.

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