Celebrities and Newsmakers (People)

These mini-biographies are intended to provide background information about people in the news. See also the Obituaries (below) for recently deceased persons.

50 Cent (Curtis Jackson; 6 Jul 1976, Jamaica, Queens Ny), American hardcore rapper.

Mahmoud (Ridha) Abbas (nom de guerre Abu Mazen; 26 Mar 1935, Zefat, British Palestine), Palestinian politician; secretary general of the PLO executive committee and cofounder (with Yasir Arafat) of the Fatah movement; he served as the first prime minister of the Palestine Authority and was its president from 2005.

Sidi Muhammad Ould Cheikh Abdallahi (1938), Mauritanian politician; president, 2007-08.

Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (1956, Akjoujt, Mauritania), Mauritanian military leader; chairman of the high council of state from 2008.

Paula (Julie) Abdul (19 Jun 1962, San Fernando CA), American pop singer, choreographer, and TV personality.

Abdullah (‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abd al-’Aziz al-Sa’ud; 1923, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia), Saudi royal; king of Saudi Arabia from 2005.

Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi (26 Nov 1939, Penang state, Malaysia), Malaysian politician; prime minister from 2003.

Abdullah II (‘Abd Allah ibn al-Husayn; 30 Jan 1962, Amman, Jordan), Jordanian royal, king from 1999.

Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud (22 Jan 1962, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia), Malaysian politician; yang di-pertuan agong (head of state) in 2001 and again from 2006.

J(effrey) J(acob) Abrams (27 Jun 1966, New York NY), American TV producer whose credits include Alias (2001-06) and Lost (from 2004).

Anibal (Salvador) Acevedo Vila (13 Feb 1962, Hato Rey, Puerto Rico), American politician (Popular Democratic Party); governor of Puerto Rico from 2005.

Chinua Achebe (Albert Chinualumogu Achebe; 16 Nov 1930, Ogidi, Nigeria), Nigerian novelist and poet who won the second Man Booker International Prize for fiction in 2007.

Joe Ackermann (Josef Ackermann; 7 Feb 1948, Mels, Sankt Gallen, Switzerland), Swiss corporate executive; CEO of Deutsche Bank AG from 1997.

Valdas V. Adamkus (Valdas V. Adamkevicius; 3 Nov 1926, Kaunas, Lithuania), Lithuanian politician and president, 1998-2003 and again from 2004.

Amy (Lou) Adams (20 Aug 1974, Aviano, Italy), American stage and film actress.

Gerry Adams (Gerard Adams; Irish: Gearoid Mac Ad-haimh; 6 Oct 1948, West Belfast, Northern Ireland), Irish resistance leader; president of Sinn Fein, the political wing of the Irish Republican Army, from 1983.

John (Coolidge) Adams (15 Feb 1947, Worcester MA), American composer.

Scott Adams (8 Jun 1957, Windham NY), American cartoonist; creator of Dilbert.

Thomas Ades (27 Jun 1971, London, England), British composer, pianist, and conductor.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (15 Sep 1977, Enugu, Nigeria), Nigerian novelist; winner of the 2007 Orange Broadband Prize for Fiction.

Ben(jamin Geza) Affleck (15 Aug 1972, Berkeley CA), American actor, director, and writer.

(Caleb) Casey Affleck (12 Aug 1975, Falmouth MA), American film actor.

Isaias Afwerki (2 Feb 1946, Asmara, Ethiopia [now in Eritrea]), Eritrean independence leader, secretary-general of the Provisional Government, and first president of Eritrea, from 1993.

Christina (Maria) Aguilera (18 Dec 1980, Staten Island NY), American pop singer.

Bertie Ahern (Bartholomew Patrick Ahern; 12 Sep 1951, Dublin, Ireland), Irish politician; prime minister (taoiseach) of Ireland, 1997-2008.

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (28 Oct 1956, Garmsar, Iran), Iranian politician; president from 2005.

Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (15 Dec 1934, Galcaio, Somalia), Somali military officer; nominally president from 2004.

Iajuddin Ahmed (1 Feb 1931, Nayagaon, Bengal, British India [now in Bangladesh]), Bangladeshi scientist and educator; president of Bangladesh from 2002.

Akihito (original name Tsugu Akihito; era name Hei-sei; 23 Dec 1933, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese royal; emperor of Japan from 1989.

Akil Akilov (1944, Tajikistan?), Tajik politician; prime minister from 1999.

Peter Akinola (27 Jan 1944, Abeokuta, Nigeria), Nigerian Anglican churchman; archbishop of Nigeria from 2000.

Jessica (Marie) Alba (28 Apr 1981, Pomona CA), American TV and film actress.

Albert II (Albert Felix Humbert Theodore Christian Eugene Marie of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha; 6 Jun 1934, Brussels, Belgium), Belgian royal; king from 1993.

Albert II (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre; 14 Mar 1958, Monaco), Monegasque prince and ruler of Monaco from 2005.

Karl Albrecht (1920, Germany), German business executive; cofounder (1946) of the Aldi supermarket chain.

Theo Albrecht (28 Mar 1922, Germany), German business executive; cofounder (1946) of the Aldi supermarket chain.

Alan Alda (Alphonso Joseph D’Abruzzo; 28 Jan 1936, New York NY), American film and TV actor.

Claribel Alegria (12 May 1924, Estelf, Nicaragua), Nicaraguan-born Salvadoran poet, essayist, and journalist; recipient of the 2006 Neustadt Prize.

Sherman J. Alexie, Jr. (7 Oct 1966, Wellpinit, Spokane Indian Reservation, Washington), American poet and novelist who writes of his Native American upbringing.

Alexis II (Aleksey Mikhaylovich Ridiger; 23 Feb 1929, Tallinn, Estonia), Russian religious leader; Orthodox Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, the 15th primate of Russia, from 1990.

Monica Ali (20 Oct 1967, Dacca, Pakistan [now Dhaka, Bangladesh]), Bangladeshi-born British writer.

Muhammad Ali (Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr.; 17 Jan 1942, Louisville KY), American boxer, the first to win the heavyweight championship three separate times.

Samuel A. Alito, Jr. (1 Apr 1950, Trenton NJ), American jurist; associate justice of the US Supreme Court from 2006.

Ilham Aliyev (Ilham Geidar ogly Aliev; 24 Dec 1961, Baku, USSR [now in Azerbaijan]), Azerbaijani politician; prime minister briefly in 2003 and president from October 2003.

Joan Allen (20 Aug 1956, Rochelle IL), American film and theater actress.

Paul G. Allen (21 Jan 1953, Mercer Island WA), American corporate executive; cofounder of Microsoft Corp. (1975) and owner of several professional sports teams.

Woody Allen (Allen Stewart Konigsberg; 1 Dec 1935, Brooklyn NY), American filmmaker, actor, and comedian.

Isabel Allende (2 Aug 1942, Lima, Peru), Chilean writer in the magic realist tradition.

Kirstie Alley (12 Jan 1951, Wichita KS), American film and TV actress.

Pedro Almodovar (Caballero) (24 Sep 1949, Calzada de Calatrava, Spain), Spanish film director specializing in melodrama.

Prince Alois (Alois Philipp Maria Prince von und zu Liechtenstein; 11 Jun 1968, Zurich, Switzerland), Liechtenstein crown prince.

Marin Alsop (16 Oct 1956, New York NY), American conductor.

Amadou (Amadou Bagayoko; 24 Oct 1954, Bamako, French West Africa [now in Mali]), Malian guitarist (for Amadou and Mariam).

Pamela (Denise) Anderson (1 Jul 1967, Ladysmith, BC, Canada), Canadian-born model and actress.

Paul Thomas Anderson (26 Jun 1970, Studio City CA), American film director.

Wes Anderson (1 May 1969, Houston TX), American film director.

Tadao Ando (13 Sep 1941, Osaka, Japan), Japanese architect; recipient of the 1995 Pritzker Prize.

Marc Andreessen (July 1971, New Lisbon WI), American computer innovator; developer of Netscape.

Andrew (Andrew Albert Christian Edward; 19 Feb 1960, Buckingham Palace, London, England), British prince; second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh; and duke of York.

Leif Ove Andsnes (7 Apr 1970, Karm0y, Norway), Norwegian pianist.

Criss Angel (Christopher Nicholas Sarantakos; 19 Dec 1967, Long Island NY), American magician and illusionist.

Maya Angelou (Marguerite Annie Johnson; 4 Apr 1928, St. Louis MO), American poet.

Jennifer Aniston (Jennifer Linn Anistassakis; 11 Feb 1969, Sherman Oaks CA), American TV and film actress.

Kofi (Atta) Annan (18 Apr 1938, Kumasi, Gold Coast [now Ghana]), Ghanaian diplomat; UN secretary-general, 1997-2006; corecipient, with the UN, of the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize.

Anne (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise; 15 Aug 1950, Clarence House, London, England), British princess; daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh.

Andrus Ansip (1 Oct 1956, Tartu, USSR [now in Estonia]), Estonian politician; prime minister from 2005.

Carmelo Anthony (29 May 1984, New York NY), American pro basketball forward.

Marc Anthony (Marco Antonio Muniz; 16 Sep 1968, Spanish Harlem, New York NY), American salsa singer.

Judd Apatow (6 Dec 1967, Syosset NY), American filmmaker.

Louise Arbour (10 Feb 1947, Montreal, QC, Canada), Canadian judge; UN High Commissioner for Human Rights from 2004.

Denys Arcand (25 Jun 1941, Deschambault, QC, Canada), Canadian film director and screenwriter.

Martha Argerich (5 Jun 1941, Buenos Aires, Argentina), Argentine concert pianist.

Oscar Arias Sanchez (13 Sep 1941, Heredia, Costa Rica), Costa Rican statesman; president of Costa Rica, 1986-90 and again from 2006; recipient of the 1987 Nobel Peace Prize.

Alan (Wolf) Arkin (26 Mar 1934, Brooklyn NY), American film and TV actor; recipient of the 2006 best supporting actor Academy Award.

Giorgio Armani (11 Jul 1934, Piacenza, Italy), Italian fashion designer.

Billie Joe Armstrong (17 Feb 1972, Rodeo CA), American punk rock vocalist and guitarist (for Green Day).

Lance Armstrong (18 Sep 1971, Plano TX), American cyclist who won the Tour de France seven years in succession, 1999-2005.

Gerald Arpino (14 Jan 1928, Staten Island NY), American ballet choreographer; cofounder (1956) of the Joffrey Ballet and its artistic director, 1988-2007.

Courteney Cox Arquette (Courteney Bass Cox; 15 Jun 1964, Birmingham AL), American TV and film actress.

Bashar al-Assad (11 Sep 1965, Damascus, Syria), Syrian politician; president from 2000.

Alaa Al Aswany (1957, Egypt), Egyptian dentist and popular writer.

Susan Athey (29 Nov 1970, Boston MA), American economist specializing in economic theory, empirical economics, and econometrics.

Kate Atkinson (1951, York, England), British author.

Abdul Rahman ibn Hamad al-Attiyah (1950, Qatar), Qatari international official; secretary-general of the Gulf Cooperation Council from 2002.

Margaret (Eleanor) Atwood (18 Nov 1939, Ottawa, ON, Canada), Canadian poet, novelist, and critic.

Robert John Aumann (8 Jun 1930, Frankfurt am Main, Germany), American Israeli mathematician; corecipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences.

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi (19 Jun 1945, Rangoon, Burma [now Yangon, Myanmar]), Burmese human rights activist; recipient in 1991 of the Nobel Peace Prize.

Hank Azaria (25 Apr 1964, Forest Hills NY), American actor best known for comic film roles and for providing voices for TV’s The Simpsons.

(Veronica) Michelle Bachelet (Jeria) (29 Sep 1951, Santiago, Chile), Chilean politician (Socialist); president from 2006.

Bob Baffert (13 Jan 1953, Nogales AZ), American trainer of Thoroughbred racehorses.

Jerry D. Bailey (29 Aug 1957, Dallas TX), American jockey.

(Josiah) Voreque (“Frank”) Bainimarama (27 Apr 1954, Kiuva, Fiji), Fijian military leader; self-appointed acting prime minister from 2007.

Kurmanbek Bakiyev (1 Aug 1949, Masadan, Kirghiz SSR, USSR [now Teyyit, Kyrgyzstan]), Kyrgyz politician; president of Kyrgyzstan from 2005.

John (Elias) Baldacci (30 Jan 1955, Bangor ME), American politician (Democrat); governor of Maine from 2003.

Alec Baldwin (Alexander Rae Baldwin III; 3 Apr 1958, Massapequa NY), American film and TV actor.

Christian (Charles Philip) Bale (30 Jan 1974, Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, Wales), British film actor.

Jan Peter Balkenende (7 May 1956, Kapelle, Netherlands), Dutch politician (Christian-Democratic Appeal); prime minister from 2002.

Steven A. Ballmer (24 Mar 1956, Detroit? MI), American corporate executive; CEO of Microsoft Corp. from 2000.

Ed(ward) Balls (25 Feb 1967, Norwich, England), British public official; secretary of state for children, schools, and families from 2007.

Ban Ki-moon (13 Jun 1944, Umsong, Japanese-occupied Korea [now in South Korea]), Korean government and international official; secretary-general of the United Nations from 2007.

Eric Bana (Eric Banadinovich; 9 Aug 1968, Melbourne, VIC, Australia), Australian actor.

(Jose) Antonio (Dominguez) Banderas (10 Oct 1960, Malaga, Spain), Spanish actor and director.

Russell Banks (28 Mar 1940, Newton MA), American novelist.

Tyra Banks (4 Dec 1973, Los Angeles CA), American model, actress, and TV show host.

Banksy (1974?, Bristol?, England), British graffiti artist.

Patricia Barber (8 Nov 1955, Lisle IL), American jazz singer and pianist.

Haley (Reeves) Barbour (22 Oct 1947, Yazoo City MS), American politician (Republican); governor of Mississippi from 2004.

Javier (Angel Encinas) Bardem (1 Mar 1969, Las Pal-mas, Canary Islands, Spain), Spanish film actor; recipient of the 2007 best supporting actor Academy Award.

Daniel Barenboim (15 Nov 1942, Buenos Aires, Argentina), Israeli pianist and conductor; recipient of a Praemium Imperiale in 2007.

Julian Barnes (pseudonyms Edward Pygge and Dan Kavanagh; 19 Jan 1946, Leicester, Leicestershire, England), British author and TV critic.

Sacha (Noam) Baron Cohen (13 Oct 1971, Hammersmith, London, England), British comedian and actor.

Jose Manuel Durao Barroso (23 Mar 1956, Lisbon, Portugal), Portuguese politician; prime minister, 2002-04, and president of the European Commission from 2004.

Dean (Oliver) Barrow (2 Mar 1951, Belize City, British Honduras [now Belize]), Belizean politician (United Democratic Party); prime minister from 2008.

John D(avid) Barrow (29 Nov 1952, London, England), British cosmologist, a specialist in the an-thropic principle; recipient of the 2006 Templeton Prize.

Dave Barry (3 Jul 1947, Armonk NY), American humorist, newspaper columnist, and author.

Drew Barrymore (Andrew Blythe Barrymore; 22 Feb 1975, Culver City CA), American film actress.

Frederick Barthelme (10 Oct 1943, Houston TX), American writer of short stories and novels.

Bartholomew I (Dimitrios Archontonis; 29 Feb 1940, Imbros [now Gokgeada], Turkey), Eastern Orthodox archbishop of Constantinople and ecumenical patriarch from 1991.

Richard Barton (2 Jun 1967, New Canaan CT), American Internet entrepreneur (Expedia.com, Zillow.com).

Mikhail (Nikolayevich) Baryshnikov (28 Jan 1948, Riga, USSR [now in Latvia]), Soviet-born American ballet dancer, director, and actor.

Traian Basescu (4 Nov 1951, Basarabi, Romania), Romanian politician; president from 2004.

Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (1944, Hosh Ban-naga, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan), Sudanese military leader; president from 1989.

Pina Bausch (27 Jul 1940, Solingen, Germany), German choreographer and artistic director; recipient of a 1999 Praemium Imperiale and a 2007 Kyoto Prize.

Sanj(aagiyn) Bayar (1956, Ulaanbataar, Mongolia), Mongolian diplomat; prime minister from 2007.

Beatrix (31 Jan 1938, Soestdijk, Netherlands), Dutch royal; queen of The Netherlands from 1980.

Beck (Beck Hansen; 8 Jul 1970, Los Angeles CA), American singer and songwriter.

David (Robert) Beckham (2 May 1975, Leytonstone, East London, England), British association football (soccer) player.

Victoria Beckham (Victoria Caroline Adams; 7 Apr 1975, Goff’s Oak, Hertfordshire, England), British pop singer (“Posh Spice” of the Spice Girls) and celebrity.

Kate Beckinsale (26 Jul 1973, London, England), British actress.

Mike Beebe (Michael Dale Beebe; 28 Dec 1946, Am-agon AR), American politician (Democrat); governor of Arkansas from 2007.

Kenenisa Bekele (13 Jun 1982, near Bekoji, Ethiopia), Ethiopian cross-country runner.

Bill Belichick (William Stephen Belichick; 16 Apr 1952, Nashville TN), American football coach.

Joshua Bell (9 Dec 1967, Bloomington IN), American violinist.

Rob(ert) Bell (23 Aug 1970, Lansing MI), American evangelical pastor and author; founder of the Mars Hill Bible Church, Grandville MI.

Arden L. Bement, Jr. (22 May 1932, Pittsburgh PA), American materials scientist; director of the National Science Foundation from 2004.

Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali (3 Sep 1936, Hammam-Sousse, Tunisia), Tunisian politician and president from 1987.

Benedict XVI (Joseph Alois Ratzinger; 16 Apr 1927, Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany), German Roman Catholic churchman; pope from 2005.

Alan Bennett (9 May 1934, Leeds, England), British dramatist and writer.

Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov (29 Jun 1957, Bararab, USSR [now in Turkmenistan]), Turkmen politician; president from 2006.

Sali (Ram) Berisha (15 Oct 1944, Tropoje, Albania), Albanian cardiologist and politician (Democratic Party); president, 1992-97, and prime minister from 2005.

Silvio Berlusconi (29 Sep 1936, Milan, Italy), Italian businessman and politician; prime minister, 1994-95, 2001-06, and again from 2008.

Ben(jamin Shalom) Bernanke (13 Dec 1953, Augusta GA), American economist; chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System from 2006.

Tim(othy J.) Berners-Lee (8 Jun 1955, London, England), British inventor of the World Wide Web and director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) from 1994.

Maxime Bernier (18 Jan 1963, Beauce, QC, Canada), Canadian insurance executive; foreign minister, 2007-08.

Halle (Maria) Berry (14 Aug 1968, Cleveland OH), American film actress and model.

Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone (2 Dec 1934, Romano Canavese, Italy), Italian Roman Catholic churchman; secretary of state of the Vatican from 2006.

Steve(n Lynn) Beshear (21 Sep 1944, Dawson Springs KY), American politician (Democrat); governor of Kentucky from 2007.

Beyonce (Beyonce Knowles; 4 Sep 1981, Houston Tx), American R&B singer and actress.

Jeffrey P. Bezos (12 Jan 1964, Albuquerque NM), American corporate executive; founder and CEO of Amazon.com from 1995.

Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX; 5 Dec 1927, Cambridge MA), Thai royal; king of Thailand from 1946.

Joseph (Robinette) Biden, Jr. (20 Nov 1942, Scranton PA), American politician (Democrat); senator from Delaware from 1973 and the Democratic nominee for vice president in 2008.

Jessica (Claire) Biel (3 Mar 1982, Ely MN), American TV and film actress.

Dima Bilan (Viktor Nikolayevich Belan; 24 Dec 1981, Maysky, Karachay-Cherkessk autonomous oblast, USSR [now Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Russia]), Russian pop singer; winner of the 2008 Eurovision Song Contest.

Osama bin Laden (also spelled Usamah ibn Ladin; 10 Mar 1957, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia), Saudi Arabian-born terrorist and leader of the al-Qaeda organization.

Juliette Binoche (9 Mar 1964, Paris, France), French film actress.

Harrison Birtwistle (15 Jul 1934, Accrington, Lancashire, England), British composer of operas, chamber music, and orchestral music.

Paul Biya (13 Feb 1933, Mvomeka’a, Cameroon), Cameroonian politician; president from 1982.

Jonas Bjorkman (23 Mar 1972, Vaxjo, Sweden), Swedish tennis player.

Jack Black (28 Aug 1969, Hermosa Beach CA), American film actor and comic rock musician.

Ruben Blades (16 Jul 1948, Panama City, Panama), Panamanian salsa singer and songwriter, actor, and politician.

Rod R. Blagojevich (Milorad R. Blagojevich; 10 Dec 1956, Chicago IL), American politician (Democrat); governor of Illinois from 2003.

Tony Blair (Anthony Charles Lynton Blair; 6 May 1953, Edinburgh, Scotland), British politician (Labour); prime minister of the UK, 1997-2007, and special envoy to the Middle East thereafter.

Cate Blanchett (Catherine Elise Blanchett; 14 May 1969, Melbourne, Australia), Australian film actress.

Kathleen Babineaux Blanco (15 Dec 1942, Coteau LA), American politician (Democrat); governor of Louisiana, 2004-08.

Mary J. Blige (11 Jan 1971, New York NY), American hip-hop soul singer.

Amy Bloom (1953, New York NY), American writer.

Harold (Irving) Bloom (11 Jul 1930, New York NY), American literary critic.

Orlando Bloom (13 Jan 1977, Canterbury, Kent, England), British film actor.

Michael R. Bloomberg (14 Feb 1942, Medford MA), American businessman, philanthropist, and politician (independent); mayor of New York City from 2002.

Matt(hew Roy) Blunt (20 Nov 1970, Springfield MO), American politician (Republican); governor of Missouri from 2005.

Andrea Bocelli (22 Sep 1958, Lajatico, Italy), Italian operatic tenor, blind from childhood.

Samuel (Wright) Bodman (26 Nov 1938, Chicago IL), American chemical engineer, corporate leader, and official; US secretary of energy from 2005.

Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzadin Waddaulah (15 Jul 1946, Brunei Town [now Bandar Seri Begawan], Brunei), Bruneian royal; sultan from 1967.

Joshua B(rewster) Bolten (16 Aug 1954, Washington DC?), American international lawyer; director of the US Office of Management and Budget, 2003-06, and White House chief of staff from 2006.

Barry (Lamar) Bonds (24 Jul 1964, Riverside CA), American baseball player who broke the all-time home run record in 2007.

Omar Bongo Ondimba (Albert-Bernard Bongo; 30 Dec 1935, Lewai, Gabon), Gabonese politician; president from 1967.

(Thomas) Yayi Boni (1952, Tchaourou, French Dahomey [now Benin]), Beninese politician (independent); president from 2006.

Jon Bon Jovi (John Francis Bongiovi, Jr.; 2 Mar 1962, Perth Amboy NJ), American rock singer, musician, and songwriter.

Bono (Paul David Hewson; also known as Bono Vox; 10 May 1960, Dublin, Ireland), Irish rock vocalist (for U2) as well as a human rights activist and mediator.

Umberto Bossi (19 Sep 1941, Cassano Magnano, Italy), Italian politician and leader of the separatist Northern League from 1991.

Kate Bosworth (Catherine Anne Bosworth; 2 Jan 1983, Los Angeles CA), American film and TV actress.

Bouasone Bouphavanh (3 Jun 1954, Ban Tao Poun, Salavan province, French Indochina [now in Laos]), Laotian politician and prime minister from 2006.

Lucien Bouchard (22 Dec 1938, Saint-Coeur-de-Marie, QC, Canada), French Canadian politician, an advocate of the separation of Quebec from the rest of Canada.

Anthony (Michael) Bourdain (25 Jun 1956, New York NY), American chef, author, and TV personality.

Abdelaziz Bouteflika (2 Mar 1937, Tlemcen, Algeria), Algerian politician, diplomat, and president from 1999.

T. Coraghessan Boyle (Thomas John Boyle; 2 Dec 1948, Peekskill NY), American short-story writer and novelist.

Franpois Bozize (14 Oct 1946, Mouila, French Equatorial Africa [now in Gabon]), Central African Republic politician; president from 2003.

Tom Brady (Thomas Brady; 3 Aug 1977, San Mateo CA), American professional football quarterback.

Zach(ary Israel) Braff (6 Apr 1975, South Orange NJ), American TV and film actor.

Lakhdar Brahimi (1 Jan 1934, Algeria), Algerian statesman, diplomat, and international official.

Serge Brammertz (17 Feb 1962, Eupen, Belgium), Belgian jurist; deputy prosecutor for the International Criminal Court, 2003-07, and prosecutor for the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia from 2008.

Richard (Charles Nicholas) Branson (18 Jul 1950, Shamley Green, Surrey, England), British entrepreneur who founded the Virgin empire in 1973.

Anthony Braxton (4 Jun 1945, Chicago IL), American avant-garde reed player and composer.

Phil(ip Norman) Bredesen (21 Nov 1943, Oceanport NJ), American politician (Democrat); governor of Tennessee from 2003.

Abigail (Kathleen) Breslin (14 Apr 1996, New York NY), American child actress.

Thierry Breton (15 Jan 1955, Paris, France), French businessman and politician; executive chairman of France Telecom, 2002-05, and French economic minister, 2005-07.

Stephen (Gerald) Breyer (15 Aug 1938, San Francisco CA), American jurist; associate justice of the US Supreme Court from 1994.

Sergey (Mikhaylovich) Brin (21 Aug 1973, Moscow, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian-born computer scientist and Internet entrepreneur who cofounded (1998) the Google Internet search engine.

Matthew Broderick (21 Mar 1962, New York NY), American comic actor.

Wallace S. Broecker (29 Nov 1931, Chicago IL), American geochemist, a specialist in climate change; recipient of a National Medal of Science in 1996 and a Crafoord Prize in 2006.

Josh (J.) Brolin (12 Feb 1968, Los Angeles CA), American film and TV actor.

Kix Brooks (Leon Eric Brooks; 12 May 1955, Shreve-port LA), American country-and-western singer (for Brooks & Dunn).

(Troyal) Garth Brooks (7 Feb 1962, Tulsa OK), American country-and-western singer.

Pierce (Brendan) Brosnan (16 May 1953, Navan, County Meath, Ireland), Irish actor.

Dan Brown (22 Jun 1964, Exeter NH), American novelist.

Ewart (Frederick) Brown, Jr. (1946, Bermuda), Bermudan politician; prime minister from 2006.

(James) Gordon Brown (20 Feb 1951, Glasgow, Scotland), Scottish-born politician (Labour); chancellor of the Exchequer, 1997-2007, and prime minister from 2007.

Jerry Bruckheimer (21 Sep 1945, Detroit MI), American film and TV producer.

Kobe Bryant (23 Aug 1978, Philadelphia PA), American basketball player.

Bill Bryson (1951, Des Moines IA), American-born British journalist and travel writer.

Michael Buble (9 Sep 1975, Burnaby, BC, Canada), Canadian pop singer.

Patrick J(oseph) Buchanan (2 Nov 1938, Washington DC), American conservative journalist.

Christopher (Taylor) Buckley (1952, New York NY), American satiric novelist and magazine editor.

Warren (Edward) Buffett (30 Aug 1930, Omaha NE), American investor; CEO of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. from 1965; named the world’s richest person by Forbes in 2008.

Sandra (Annette) Bullock (26 Jul 1964, Arlington VA), American film actress.

Gisele (Caroline Nonnenmacher) Bundchen (20 Jul 1980, Horizontina, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil), Brazilian fashion model.

Daniel Buren (25 Mar 1938, Paris, France), French conceptual artist; recipient of a 2007 Praemium Imperiale.

Mark Burnett (17 Jul 1960, Myland, East London, England), English-born American reality-TV-show producer.

Ken(neth Lauren) Burns (29 Jul 1953, Brooklyn NY), American documentary filmmaker.

Gary Burton (23 Jan 1943, Anderson IN), American jazz vibraphonist and composer.

Tim(othy William) Burton (25 Aug 1958, Burbank CA), American film director and writer.

Steve Buscemi (13 Dec 1957, Brooklyn NY), American film actor.

Barbara Bush (Barbara Pierce; 8 Jun 1925, Rye NY), American first lady; wife of Pres. George H.W. Bush (married 6 Jan 1945).

Barbara Bush (25 Nov 1981, Dallas TX), American personality; daughter of Pres. George W. Bush.

George Herbert Walker Bush (12 Jun 1924, Milton MA), American statesman; vice president of the US, 1981-89, and 41st president, 1989-93; he is the father of Pres. George W. Bush.

George Walker Bush (6 Jul 1946, New Haven CT), American politician (Republican); 43rd president of the US, from 2001; he is the son of Pres. George H.W. Bush.

Jenna Bush (25 Nov 1981, Dallas TX), American personality; daughter of Pres. George W. Bush; she married Henry Hager on 10 May 2008.

Laura Bush (Laura Lane Welch; 4 Nov 1946, Midland TX), American first lady; wife of Pres. George W. Bush (married 5 Nov 1977).

Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi (27 Aug 1928, Mahla-batini, Natal, Union of South Africa [now KwaZulu Natal province, South Africa]), South African Zulu chief, the founder (1975) and leader of the Inkatha Freedom Party.

A.S. Byatt (Antonia Susan Drabble; 24 Aug 1936, Sheffield, England), English literary critic and novelist.

Robert C(arlyle) Byrd (20 Nov 1917, North Wilkes-boro NC), American politician (Democrat); senator from West Virginia from 1959 and president pro tempore of the Senate from 2007.

Nicolas Cage (Nicholas Kim Coppola; 7 Jan 1964, Long Beach CA), American film actor.

Cai Guo Qiang (8 Dec 1957, Quanzhou, Fujian province, China), Chinese installation artist.

Michael Caine (Maurice Joseph Micklewhite, Jr.; 14 Mar 1933, London, England), British actor.

Santiago Calatrava (28 Jul 1951, Valencia, Spain), Spanish architect.

Felipe (de Jesus) Calderon (Hinojosa) (18 Aug 1962, Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico), Mexican politician (National Action Party); president from 2006.

Felix Perez Camacho (30 Oct 1957, Camp Zama, Japan), American politician (Republican); governor of Guam from 2003.

David (William Donald) Cameron (9 Oct 1966, London, England), British politician and leader of the Conservative Party from 2005.

Camilla, duchess of Cornwall (Camilla Parker Bowles; Camilla Shand; 17 Jul 1947, London, England), English celebrity; wife of Charles, prince of Wales (married 9 Apr 2005).

Louis C. Camilleri (1955, Alexandria, Egypt), American corporate executive; president and CEO of Al-tria Group from 2002.

Gordon Campbell (12 Jan 1948, Vancouver, BC, Canada), Canadian politician (Liberal); premier of British Columbia from 2001.

John D. Campbell (8 Apr 1955, Ailsa Craig, ON, Canada), Canadian harness race driver; he was named 2006 Driver of the Year by the US Harness Writers Association.

Menzies Campbell (22 May 1941, Glasgow, Scotland), British politician; leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, 2006-07.

Naomi Campbell (22 May 1970, London, England), British runway and photographic model.

Fabio Cannavaro (13 Sep 1973, Naples, Italy), Italian association football (soccer) player.

Mario R. Capecchi (6 Oct 1937, Verona, Italy), Italian-born American biophysicist; corecipient of the 2007 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for developing a technique for introducing modified genes into mice.

Don(ald L.) Carcieri (16 Dec 1942, East Greenwich RI), American banker and politician (Republican); governor of Rhode Island from 2003.

Drew (Allison) Carey (23 May 1958, Cleveland OH), American comic TV actor and game-show host.

Mariah Carey (27 Mar 1970, Huntington, Long Island, NY), American pop singer.

Peter (Philip) Carey (7 May 1943, Bacchus Marsh, VIC, Australia), Australian author.

Carl XVI Gustaf (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus; 30 Apr 1946, Stockholm, Sweden), Swedish royal; king from 1973.

Lennart (Axel Edvard) Carleson (18 Mar 1928, Stockholm, Sweden), Swedish mathematician, a specialist in harmonic analysis; recipient of the 2006 Abel Prize.

Robert A. Caro (30 Oct 1935, New York NY), American biographer.

Caroline (Caroline Louise Margaret Grimaldi; 23 Jan 1957, Monte Carlo, Monaco), Monegasque princess, the elder daughter of Prince Rainier III and Princess Grace.

Alain (Frederic) Carpentier (11 Aug 1933, Toulouse, France), French cardiovascular surgeon; recipient of a 2007 Lasker Medical Prize.

Steve(n John) Carrell (16 Aug 1962, Concord MA), American comic actor.

Jim Carrey (James Eugene Carrey; 17 Jan 1962, Newmarket, ON, Canada), Canadian-born American comic actor.

Edwin W. Carrington (1938, Tobago), Trinidadian international official; secretary-general of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) from 1992.

Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.; 1 Oct 1924, Plains GA), American statesman; 39th president of the US, 1977-81, and recipient of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize.

Marsh(all N.) Carter (1940, Washington DC?), American corporate executive; chairman of the New York Stock Exchange from 2005.

David Caruso (7 Jan 1956, Forest Hills NY), American actor.

James Carville, Jr. (25 Oct 1944, Carville LA), American political strategist and commentator.

George W. Casey, Jr. (22 Jul 1948, Sendai, Japan), American military officer; chief of staff of the US Army from 2007.

Fidel (Alejandro) Castro (Ruz) (13 Aug 1926, near Biran, Holgufn province, Cuba), Cuban revolutionary; leader of Cuba, 1959-2008; he became a symbol of communist revolution in Latin America.

Raul (Modesto) Castro (Ruz) (3 Jun 1931, near Biran, Holgufn province, Cuba), Cuban revolutionary leader and politician; acting president of Cuba from 2006 following the illness of his brother, Fidel, and president from 2008.

Helio Castroneves (10 May 1975, Sao Paulo, Brazil), Brazilian race-car driver.

Kim Cattrall (21 Aug 1956, Liverpool, England), British-born film and TV actress.

Anibal (Antonio) Cavaco Silva (15 Jul 1939, Boliqueime, Algarve, Portugal), Portuguese politician; prime minister, 1985-95, and president from 2006.

Roberto Cavalli (15 Nov 1940, Florence, Italy), Italian fashion designer.

Vinton G(ray) Cerf (23 Jun 1943), American computer scientist known as the “father of the Internet”; recipient of a Japan Prize in 2008.

Michael Chabon (24 May 1963, Washington DC), American novelist and short-story writer.

Riccardo Chailly (20 Feb 1953, Milan, Italy), Italian orchestra conductor; music director of the Leipzig Opera, 2005-08, and Leipzig’s Gewandhaus Orchestra from 2005.

John T. Chambers (23 Aug 1949, Cleveland OH), American corporate executive; president and CEO of Cisco Systems, Inc., from 1997.

Jackie Chan (Chan Kwong-Sang; 7 Apr 1954, Hong Kong), Chinese actor and director of martial arts films.

Margaret Chan (1947, Hong Kong), Hong Kong-born public health officer; director general of the World Health Organization from 2006.

Elaine L. Chao (26 Mar 1953, Taipei, Taiwan), American government official; secretary of labor from 2001.

Manu Chao (Jose-Manuel Thomas Arthur Chao; 21 Jun 1961, Paris, France), French-born Spanish rock musician.

Dave Chappelle (David Chappelle; 24 Aug 1973, Washington DC), American film and TV comedian and actor.

Jean Charest (John James Charest; 24 Jun 1958, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada), French Canadian politician; leader of the Quebec Liberal Party from 1998 and premier of Quebec from 2003.

Charles (Charles Philip Arthur George Windsor; 14 Nov 1948, Buckingham Palace, London, England), British prince of Wales; the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh; and heir apparent to the throne.

David Chase (David DeCesare; 22 Aug 1945, Mount Vernon NY), American TV writer, producer, and director.

Yves Chauvin (10 Oct 1930, Menin, Belgium), French chemist; corecipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis.

Hugo Chavez Frias (28 Jul 1954, Sabaneta, Venezuela), Venezuelan military leader, politician, and president of Venezuela from 1999.

Don Cheadle (29 Nov 1964, Kansas City MO), American film and TV actor.

Chen Shui-bian (Pinyin: Ch’en Shui-pian; 18 Feb 1951, Hsichuang village, Tainan county, Taiwan), Taiwanese politician and president, 2000-08.

Dick Cheney (Richard Bruce Cheney; 30 Jan 1941, Lincoln NE), American politician (Republican); US secretary of defense, 1989-93, and vice president from 2001.

Ta’ieb Cherif (29 Dec 1941, Kasr El Boukhari, French Algeria), Algerian international official; secretary-general of the International Civil Aviation Organization from 2003.

Michael Chertoff (28 Nov 1953, Elizabeth NJ), American attorney; secretary of homeland security from 2005.

Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (26 Sep 1978, Eldoret, Kenya), Kenyan long-distance runner.

Kenny Chesney (26 Mar 1968, Luttrell TN), American country-and-western singer.

Judy Chicago (Judy Cohen; 20 Jul 1939, Chicago IL), American artist.

Dale Chihuly (20 Sep 1941, Tacoma WA), American glass artist.

Michael Chiklis (30 Aug 1963, Lowell MA), American TV actor.

Fujio Cho (1937, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese corporate executive; chairman of Toyota Motor Corp. from 2005.

Deepak Chopra (22 Oct 1946, New Delhi, British India), Indian-born American endocrinologist, alternative-medicine advocate, and best-selling author.

Choummaly Sayasone (6 Mar 1936, Attapu province, French Indochina [now in Laos]), Laotian political official; general secretary of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party from 2006, and president from 2006.

ChowYun-Fat (Zhou Runfa; 18 May 1955, Lamma Island, Hong Kong), Hong Kong actor.

Julie (Frances) Christie (14 Apr 1941, Chukua, Assam, British India), British film actress.

Dimitris Christofias (29 Aug 1946, Kato Dhikomo, British Cyprus), Cypriot politician; president of Cyprus from 2008.

Ralph J(ohn) Cicerone (2 May 1943, New Castle PA), American electrical engineer and atmospheric scientist; president of the National Academy of Sciences from 2005.

Sandra Cisneros (20 Dec 1954, Chicago IL), American short-story writer and poet.

Tom Clancy (Thomas L. Clancy, Jr.; 12 Apr 1947, Baltimore MD), American best-selling novelist.

Eric Clapton (Eric Patrick Clapp; 30 Mar 1945, Ripley, Surrey, England), British guitarist, singer, and songwriter.

Helen Clark (26 Feb 1950, Hamilton, New Zealand), New Zealand politician (Labour); prime minister from 1999.

Victoria Clark (10 Oct 1959, Dallas TX), American stage actress.

Kelly Clarkson (24 Apr 1982, Burleson TX), American pop singer.

Patricia (Davies) Clarkson (29 Dec 1959, New Orleans LA), American stage, film, and TV actress.

John (Marwood) Cleese (27 Oct 1939, Weston-super-Mare, England), British comic actor.

Nick Clegg (Nicholas William Peter Clegg; 7 Jan 1967, Chalfont St. Giles, Buckinghamshire, England), British politician and MP; leader of the Liberal Democrats from 2007.

(William) Roger Clemens (4 Aug 1962, Dayton OH), American baseball pitcher.

Van Cliburn (Harvey Lavan Cliburn, Jr.; 12 Jul 1934, Shreveport LA), American pianist.

Lucille Clifton (27 Jun 1936, Depew NY), American poet; recipient of the 2007 Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize.

Bill Clinton (William Jefferson Blythe IV; 19 Aug 1946, Hope AR), American statesman; 42nd president of the US, 1993-2001.

Hillary Rodham Clinton (Hillary Diane Rodham; 26 Oct 1947, Chicago IL), American politician (Democrat); senator from New York from 2001 and candidate for president in 2008; wife of Pres. Bill Clinton.

George Clooney (6 May 1961, Lexington KY), American film and TV actor.

Chuck Close (Charles Thomas Close; 5 Jul 1940, Monroe WA), American Photo-realist painter.

Glenn Close (19 Mar 1947, Greenwich CT), American actress.

G. Wayne Clough (24 Sep 1941, Douglas GA), American educator and executive; secretary of the Smithsonian Institution from 2008.

Diablo Cody (Brooke Busey; 14 Jun 1978, Chicago IL), American stripper-turned-writer; author of the screenplay for the film Juno.

Paulo Coelho (24 Aug 1947, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Brazilian novelist.

Ethan Coen (21 Sep 1958, St. Louis Park MN), American filmmaker; winner of four Academy Awards, including three in 2007 for No Country for Old Men.

Joel Coen (29 Nov 1955, St. Louis Park MN), American filmmaker; winner of four Academy Awards, including three in 2007 for No Country for Old Men.

J(ohn) M(axwell) Coetzee (9 Feb 1940, Cape Town, Union of South Africa), South African novelist and critic; recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Leonard Cohen (21 Sep 1934, Montreal, QC, Canada), Canadian singer and songwriter.

Stephen Colbert (13 May 1964, Charleston SC), American TV commentator and satirist; host of The Colbert Report from 2005.

Ornette Coleman (9 Mar 1930, Fort Worth TX), American jazz saxophonist, composer, and bandleader; his Sound Grammar won the 2007 Pulitzer Prize for music.

Pierluigi Collina (13 Feb 1960, Bologna, Italy), Italian association football (soccer) referee.

Billy Collins (1941, New York NY), American poet; poet laureate of the US, 2001-03.

Marva Collins (Marva Delores Knight; 31 Aug 1936, Monroeville Al), American educator.

Alan Colmes (24 Sep 1950, Long Island NY), American _ liberal journalist and commentator on radio and TV.

Alvaro Colom Caballeros (15 Jun 1951, Guatemala City, Guatemala), Guatemalan politician (National Union for Hope); president from 2008.

Sean Combs (Puffy; Puff Daddy; P. Diddy; 4 Nov 1970, Harlem, New York NY), American rap artist, impresario, fashion mogul, and actor.

Common (Lonnie Rashid Lynn, Jr.; Common Sense; 13 Mar 1972, Chicago IL), American hip-hop artist and actor.

Blaise Compaore (1951, Ziniane, Upper Volta [now Burkina Faso]), Burkinabe politician; president of Burkina Faso from 1987.

Bill Condon (22 Oct 1955, New York NY), American screenwriter and film director.

Jennifer Connelly (12 Dec 1970, Catskill Mountains NY), American fashion model and film actress.

(Thomas) Sean Connery (25 Aug 1930, Edinburgh, Scotland), Scottish film actor.

Lansana Conte (1934, Moussayah Loumbaya, French West Africa [now in Guinea]), Guinean military leader; president from 1984.

James T. Conway (26 Dec 1947, Walnut Ridge AR), American military officer; commandant of the US Marine Corps from 2006.

Dane (Jeffrey) Cook (18 Mar 1972, Boston MA), American comedian and actor.

Anderson (Hays) Cooper (3 Jun 1967, New York NY), American TV journalist.

Chris(topher W.) Cooper (9 Jul 1951, Kansas City MO), American film and Tv actor.

Cynthia Cooper (14 Apr 1963, Chicago IL), American basketball player and coach.

Francis Ford Coppola (7 Apr 1939, Detroit MI), American film director, writer, and producer.

Sofia Coppola (14 May 1971, New York NY), American film director, writer, actress, and designer.

Chick Corea (Armando Anthony Corea; 12 Jun 1941, Chelsea mA), American jazz pianist, composer, and bandleader.

John Corigliano (16 Feb 1938, New York NY), American composer.

Patricia Cornwell (Patricia Daniels; 9 Jun 1956, Miami FL), American author of mystery novels.

Rafael (Vicente) Correa (Delgado) (6 Apr 1963, Guayaquil, Ecuador), Ecuadorian politician; president from 2007.

Carlos Correia (6 Nov 1933, Bissau, Portuguese Guinea), Guinea-Bissau politician; prime minister from 2008.

Jon (Stevens) Corzine (1 Jan 1947, Willey’s Station IL), American politician (Democrat); senator from New Jersey, 2001-06, and governor from 2006.

Bill Cosby (William Henry Cosby, Jr.; 12 Jul 1937, Philadelphia PA), American comedian and actor.

Bob Costas (Robert Quinlan Costas; 22 Mar 1952, New York NY), American TVsportscaster and host.

Kevin (Michael) Costner (18 Jan 1955, Lynwood CA), American film actor and director.

Marion Cotillard (30 Sep 1975, Paris, France), French actress; recipient of the 2007 best actress Academy Award.

Pascal Couchepin (5 Apr 1942, Martigny, Switzerland), Swiss president, 2003 and again in 2008.

Tom Coughlin (Thomas Richard Coughlin; 31 Aug 1946, Waterloo NY), American football coach.

Ann (Hart) Coulter (8 Dec 1961, New Canaan CT), American attorney, political columnist, and author.

David Coulthard (27 Mar 1971, Twynholm, Scotland), British Formula 1 race-car driver.

Katie Couric (7 Jan 1957, Arlington VA), American TV talk-show host and news anchor.

Simon (Phillip) Cowell (7 Oct 1959, Brighton, East Sussex, England), British record producer and TV personality; a judge on the American Idol show (from 2002).

Brian Cowen (Irish: Brian 0 Comhain; 10 Jan 1960, Tullamore, County Offaly, Ireland), Irish politician (Fianna Fail); prime minister from 2008.

Christopher Cox (16 Oct 1952, St. Paul MN), American politician (Republican); chairman of the US Securities and Exchange Commission from 2005.

Bantz John Craddock (1949, Doddridge county WV), American military official; Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR) from 2006.

Tony Cragg (1949, Liverpool, England), British sculptor and installation artist; recipient of a Praemium Imperiale in 2007.

Daniel (Wroughton) Craig (2 Mar 1968, Chester, Cheshire, England), British stage and movie actor who played James Bond in films from 2006.

(John) Michael Crichton (23 Oct 1942, Chicago IL), American best-selling writer and director who specializes in novels on scientific themes.

Charlie Crist (Charles Joseph Crist, Jr.; 24 Jul 1956, Altoona PA), American politician (Republican); governor of Florida from 2007.

Stanley Crouch (14 Dec 1945, Los Angeles CA), American journalist and critic.

Sheryl Crow (11 Feb 1962, Kennett MO), American singer-songwriter.

Russell (Ira) Crowe (7 Apr 1964, Wellington, New Zealand), New Zealand-born Australian film actor.

Tom Cruise (Thomas Cruise Mapother IV; 3 Jul 1962, Syracuse NY), American actor.

Gastao Cruz (20 Jul 1941, Faro, Portugal), Portuguese poet and literary critic.

Nilo Cruz (1962?, Matanzas, Cuba), Cuban-born American playwright.

Penelope Cruz (Sanchez) (28 Apr 1974, Madrid, Spain), Spanish film actress.

Branko Crvenkovski (12 Oct 1962, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia [now in Bosnia and Herzegovina]), Macedonian politician; prime minister, 1992-98 and 2002-04, and president from 2004.

Jamie Cullum (20 Aug 1979, Essex, England), British pop, jazz, and rock pianist and vocalist.

Chet Culver (Chester John Culver; 25 Jan 1966, Washington DC), American politician (Democrat); governor of Iowa from 2007.

Joan Cusack (11 Oct 1962, New York NY), American film and TV actress.

John (Paul) Cusack (28 Jun 1966, Evanston IL), American film actor.

Mirko Cvetkovic (16 Aug 1950, Zajecar, Yugoslavia [now in Serbia]), Serbian politician; prime minister from 2008.

Miley Ray Cyrus (Destiny Hope Cyrus; 23 Nov 1992, Franklin TN), American TV actress (Hannah Montana) and singer.

Vincent (Phillip) D’Onofrio (30 Jul 1959, Brooklyn NY), American TV and film actor.

Paquito D’Rivera (Francisco Dejesus Rivera; 4 Jun 1948, Havana, Cuba), Cuban-born American jazz reed player and Afro-Cuban bandleader.

Willem Dafoe (William Dafoe, Jr.; 22 Jul 1955, Apple-ton WI), American film actor.

Dalai Lama (the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso; original name Lhamo Dhondrub; 6 Jul 1935, Tak-ster, Amdo province, Tibet [now Tsinghai province, China]), Tibetan spiritual leader (enthroned in 1940) and ruler-in-exile; head of the Tibetan Buddhists; recipient of the 1989 Nobel Peace Prize.

Richard M(ichael) Daley (24 Apr 1942, Chicago IL), American politician (Democrat); mayor of Chicago from 1989.

Matt(hew Page) Damon (8 Oct 1970, Cambridge MA), American film actor.

Claire (Catherine) Danes (12 Apr 1979, New York NY), American actress.

Mitch(ell Elais) Daniels, Jr. (7 Apr 1949, Mononga-hela PA), American businessman and politician (Republican); director of the US Office of Management and Budget, 2001-03, and governor of Indiana from 2005.

Edwidge Danticat (19 Jan 1969, Port-au-Prince, Haiti), Haitian-born American author.

Mahmoud Darwish (13 Mar 1942, Birwa, British Palestine), Palestinian nationalist poet.

Larry David (2 Jul 1947, Brooklyn NY), American actor and writer.

Mario Davidovsky (4 Mar 1934, Medanos, Buenos Aires, Argentina), Argentine-born American composer of electronic and electroacoustic works.

Terry Davis (Terence Anthony Gordon Davis; 5 Jan 1938, Stourbridge, West Midlands, England), British politician (Labour) and international executive; secretary-general of the Council of Europe from 2004.

Patrick Day (13 Oct 1953, Brush CO), American jockey.

Daniel (Michael Blake) Day-Lewis (29 Apr 1957, London, England), British film actor; recipient of the 1989 and 2007 Academy Awards for best actor.

Inge De Bruijn (24 Aug 1973, Barendrecht, Netherlands), Dutch swimmer.

Jaap de Hoop Scheffer (Jakob Gijsbert de Hoop Scheffer; 3 Apr 1948, Amsterdam, Netherlands), Dutch international official; secretary-general of NATO from 2004.

Danielle de Niese (1980, Melbourne, VIC, Australia), Australian-born American operatic soprano.

Robert De Niro (17 Aug 1943, New York NY), American film actor.

Howard (Brush) Dean III (17 Nov 1948, New York NY), American physician and politician (Democrat); governor of Vermont, 1991-2003, and chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 2005.

Idriss Deby Itno (1952, Fada, Chad, French Equatorial Africa [now in Chad]), Chadian politician; president from 1990.

Ellen DeGeneres (26 Jan 1958, Metairie LA), American comedian and TV personality.

John P. deJongh, Jr. (13 Nov 1957, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands), American politician (Democrat); governor of the US Virgin Islands from 2007.

Benicio Del Toro (19 Feb 1967, San Turce, Puerto Rico), American film actor.

Bertrand Delanoe (30 May 1950, Tunis, French Tunisia), French politician (Socialist); mayor of Paris from 2001.

Don DeLillo (20 Nov 1936, New York NY), American postmodernist novelist.

Michael S. Dell (23 Feb 1965, Houston TX), American businessman; founder of Dell Computer Corp. and its CEO, 1984-2004 and again from 2007.

Yelena (Vyacheslavovna) Dementyeva (15 Oct 1981, Moscow, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian tennis player.

Patrick Dempsey (13 Jan 1966, Lewiston ME), American film and TV actor.

Judi Dench (Judith Olivia Dench; 9 Dec 1934, York, England), British stage, TV, and film actress.

Brian Dennehy (9 Jul 1938, Bridgeport CT), American TV, film, and stage actor.

Carl Dennis (17 Sep 1939, St. Louis MO), American poet.

Johnny Depp (John Christopher Depp II; 9 Jun 1963, Owensboro KY), American film actor.

Kiran Desai (3 Sep 1971, New Delhi, India), Indian-born American novelist; her The Inheritance of Loss won the 2006 Booker Prize.

Frankie Dettori (Lanfranco Dettori; 15 Dec 1970, Milan, Italy), Italian-born English jockey.

Cameron M. Diaz (30 Aug 1972, San Diego CA), American model and actress.

Junot D(az (31 Dec 1968, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic), Dominican-born American writer; his novel The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for fiction.

Kate DiCamillo (25 Mar 1965, Philadelphia PA), American author of children’s books.

Leonardo (Wilhelm) DiCaprio (11 Nov 1974, Los Angeles CA), American film actor.

Joan Didion (5 Dec 1934, Sacramento CA), American author and journalist.

Vin Diesel (Mark Vincent; 18 Jul 1967, New York NY), American film actor.

Matt Dillon (18 Feb 1964, New Rochelle NY), American film actor.

Jamie Dimon (James Dimon; 13 Mar 1956, New York NY), American corporate executive; president (from 2004) and CEO (from 2005) of JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Fatou Diome (1968, Niodior island, Senegal), Senegalese French-language novelist.

Celine Dion (30 Mar 1968, Charlemagne, QC, Canada), French Canadian pop singer.

Stephane Dion (28 Sep 1955, Quebec city, QC, Canada), Canadian politician; leader of the Liberal Party of Canada from 2007.

El Hadj Diouf (15 Jan 1981, Dakar, Senegal), Senegalese association football (soccer) star for French clubs and the Senegalese national team.

Jacques Diouf (1 Aug 1938, Saint-Louis, French West Africa [now in Senegal]), Senegalese international official; director-general of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN from 1994.

Waris Dirie (1967?, Somalia), Somali fashion model and women’s rights activist.

Milo Djukanovic (15 Feb 1962, Niksic, Yugoslavia [now in Montenegro]), Montenegrin politician; president of Montenegro, 1998-2002, and prime minister, 2003-06 and again from 2008.

Lou Dobbs (24 Sep 1945, Childress TX), American business journalist and TV anchorman.

E(dgar) L(aurence) Doctorow (6 Jan 1931, New York NY), American novelist.

Christopher J(ohn) Dodd (27 May 1944, Willimantic CT), American politician (Democrat); senator from Connecticut from 1981.

Gary Doer (31 Mar 1948, Winnipeg, MB, Canada), Canadian politician (New Democratic Party); premier of Manitoba from 1999.

Domenico Dolce (13 Aug 1958, Polizzi Generosa, near Palermo, Italy), Italian fashion designer and partner of Stefano Gabbana.

Placido Domingo (21 Jan 1941, Madrid, Spain), Spanish-born Mexican operatic tenor.

John (Joseph) Donahoe II (1960, US?), American corporate executive; president and CEO of eBay from 2008.

William Henry Donaldson (1931, Buffalo NY), American banker and corporate executive; chairman of the Security and Exchanges Commission, 2003-05.

Jose Eduardo dos Santos (28 Aug 1942, Luanda, Portuguese Angola), Angolan statesman and president from 1979.

Denzil L. Douglas (14 Jan 1953, St. Paul’s, Saint Kitts and Nevis), West Indian politician; prime minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis from 1995.

James H. Douglas (21 Jun 1951, Springfield MA), American politician (Republican); governor of Vermont from 2003.

Michael Douglas (25 Sep 1944, New Brunswick NJ), American film actor and producer.

Rita (Frances) Dove (28 Aug 1952, Akron OH), American writer and teacher; poet laureate of the US, 1993-95.

Maureen Dowd (14 Jan 1952, Washington DC), American journalist and op-ed columnist for the New York Times.

Robert Downey, Jr. (4 Apr 1965, New York NY), American actor.

Jim Doyle (James Edward Doyle; 23 Nov 1945, Washington DC), American politician (Democrat); governor of Wisconsin from 2003.

Kimberly Dozier (6 Jul 1966, Honolulu HI), American TV journalist and foreign correspondent.

Dr. Dre (Andre Young; 18 Feb 1965, Los Angeles CA), American rap musician and impresario, considered a pioneer of gangsta rap.

Stacy Dragila (Stacy Mikaelson; 25 Mar 1971, Auburn CA), American pole vaulter.

E(rnest) Linn Draper, Jr. (6 Feb 1942, Houston TX), American energy engineer and corporate executive; chairman, president, and CEO of American Electric Power, Inc., 1992-2003.

Deborah Drattell (1956, Brooklyn NY), American composer of operas.

Dre (Andre Benjamin; Andre 3000; 27 May 1975, Atlanta GA), American hip-hop artist and actor.

Didier Drogba (11 Mar 1978, Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire), Ivorian association football (soccer) player; he was voted African Footballer of the Year for 2006.

Matt Drudge (27 Oct 1967), American Internet journalist, editor of the Drudge Report.

Nicanor Duarte Frutos (11 Oct 1956, Coronel Oviedo, Paraguay), Paraguayan politician; president, 2003-08.

David (William) Duchovny (7 Aug 1960, New York NY), American TV and film actor.

Gustavo (Adolfo) Dudamel (Ram(rez) (26 Jan 1981, Barquisimeto, Venezuela), Venezuelan conductor; music director of the Goteborg (Sweden) Symphony Orchestra from 2007 and tapped to take over the Los Angeles Philharmonic in 2009.

Hilary (Ann Lisa) Duff (28 Sep 1987, Houston TX), American TV and film actress and pop singer.

Sarah Dunant (8 Aug 1950, London, England), British crime and historical novelist, broadcaster, and critic.

Tim(othy Theodore) Duncan (25 Apr 1976, St. Croix, US Virgin Islands), American basketball player.

Ronnie Gene Dunn (1 Jun 1953, Coleman TX), American country-and-western singer (for Brooks & Dunn).

Kirsten (Caroline) Dunst (30 Apr 1982, Point Pleasant NJ), American film actress.

Robert Duvall (5 Jan 1931, San Diego CA), American actor, producer, and screenwriter.

Bob Dylan (Robert Allen Zimmerman; 24 May 1941, Duluth MN), American singer and songwriter; he received a special citation from the Pulitzer Prize committee in 2008.

Esther Dyson (14 Jul 1951, Zurich, Switzerland), American economist and journalist specializing in computer and cyberspace issues.

Freeman (John) Dyson (15 Dec 1923, Crowthorne, Berkshire, England), British-born American physicist and educator; recipient of the 2000 Templeton Prize.

Steve Earle (Stephen Fain Earle; 17 Jan 1955, Fort Monroe VA), American country singer, guitarist, and songwriter.

(Ralph) Dale Earnhardt, Jr. (10 Oct 1974, Concord NC), American NASCAR race-car driver.

Michael F(rancis) Easley (23 Mar 1950, Nash county NC), American politician (Democrat); governor of North Carolina from 2001.

Clint(on) Eastwood, Jr. (31 May 1930, San Francisco CA), American film actor and moviemaker.

Martin Eberhard (15 May 1960, Berkeley CA), American entrepreneur and cofounder of Tesla Motors.

Roger Ebert (18 Jun 1942, Urbana IL), American film critic.

Marcelo (Luis) Ebrard (Casaubon) (10 Oct 1959, Mexico City, Mexico), Mexican politician (Party of the Democratic Revolution); head of government of the Federal District (mayor of Mexico City) from 2006.

Umberto Eco (5 Jan 1932, Alessandria, Italy), Italian literary critic, novelist, and semiotician.

Marian Wright Edelman (6 Jun 1939, Bennettsville SC), American attorney and civil rights advocate who founded the Children’s Defense Fund.

Edward (Edward Anthony Richard Louis; 10 Mar 1964, Buckingham Palace, London, England), British prince; third son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh; and earl of Wes-sex.

John Edwards (10 Jun 1953, Seneca SC), American politician (Democrat); senator from North Carolina, 1999-2005.

Tuiatua Tupua Tamasese Efi (1 Mar 1938, Samoa?), Samoan royal; O le Ao o le Malo (elective monarch) from 2007.

Edward Michael Cardinal Egan (2 Apr 1932, Oak Park IL), American Roman Catholic church leader; archbishop of New York from 2000 and cardinal from 2001.

Dave Eggers (8 Jan 1970, Chicago IL), American author and graphic artist; founder and editor of Mc-Sweeney’s, a journal and Web site, from 1998.

Michael D(ammann) Eisner (7 Mar 1942, Mount Kisco NY), American corporate executive; CEO and chairman of the Walt Disney Co., 1984-2004.

Hicham El Guerrouj (14 Sep 1974, Berkane, Morocco), Moroccan distance runner, retired but still the holder of several world records.

Mohamed ElBaradei (Muhammad al-Baradei; 17 Jun 1942, Cairo, Egypt), Egyptian international official; director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency from 1997.

Carmen Electra (Tara Leigh Patrick; 20 Apr 1972, Sharonville OH), American model, TV actress, and celebrity.

Danny Elfman (29 May 1943, Los Angeles CA), American pop musician and composer of film and TV scores.

Olafur Eliasson (1967, Copenhagen, Denmark), Danish installation artist.

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; 21 Apr 1926, London, England), British royal; queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from 1952.

George F(rancis) R(ayner) Ellis (11 Aug 1939, Johannesburg, Union of South Africa), South African applied mathematician and professor; recipient of the 2004 Templeton Prize.

Lawrence J(oseph) Ellison (17 Aug 1944, Chicago IL), American corporate executive; founder and CEO of Oracle Corp. from 1977.

James Ellroy (Lee Earle Ellroy; 4 Mar 1948, Los Angeles CA), American mystery writer.

Ernie Els (Theodore Ernest Els; 17 Oct 1969, Johannesburg, South Africa), South African golfer.

Eminem (Marshall Bruce Mathers III; 17 Oct 1973, St. Joseph MO), American hip-hop artist.

Emmanuel III Delly (Emmanuel-Karim Delly; 6 Oct 1927, Telkaif, Iraq), Iraqi churchman; patriarch of Babylonia and the Chaldeans (leader of the Chaldean Catholic Church) from 2003 and Roman Catholic cardinal from 2007.

Nambaryn Enhbayar (1 Jun 1958, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia), Mongolian politician (People’s Revolutionary Party); prime minister, 2000-04; and president of the Great Hural (parliament) from 2005.

Anne Enright (11 Oct 1962, Dublin, Ireland), Irish writer; her novel The Gathering was awarded the 2007 Man Booker Prize.

Enya (Eithne Nf Bhraonain; 17 May 1961, Gweedore, County Donegal, Ireland), Irish New Age singer.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan (26 Feb 1954, Istanbul, Turkey), Turkish politician (Justice and Development Party); prime minister from 2003.

Gerhard (Ludwig) Ertl (10 Oct 1936, Bad Cannstadt, Germany), German physical chemist; recipient of the 2007 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for work on the reactions of gas molecules on solid surfaces.

Patricia Espinosa Cantellano (21 Oct 1958, Mexico City, Mexico), Mexican diplomat and government official; secretary of foreign affairs from 2006.

Gloria Estefan (Gloria Maria Milagrosa Fajardo; 1 Sep 1957, Havana, Cuba), Cuban-born American salsa singer and lyricist.

Melissa Etheridge (29 May 1961, Leavenworth KS), American rock singer and songwriter.

Robin Eubanks (25 Oct 1955, Philadelphia PA), American jazz trombone player.

Martin J. Evans (1 Jan 1941, Stroud, Gloucestershire, England), British biochemist; corecipient of the 2007 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for developing a technique for introducing modified genes into mice.

Eve (Eve Jihan Jeffers; “Eve of Destruction”; 10 Nov 1979, Philadelphia PA), American rapper.

Richard D. Fairbank (18 Sep 1950, Menlo Park CA), American corporate executive; founder, chairman, and CEO of Capital One Financial Corp. from 1988.

Edie Falco (Edith Falco; 5 Jul 1963, Brooklyn NY), American film and TV actress.

William J(oseph) Fallon (30 Dec 1944, East Orange NJ), American military leader; commander of the US Central Command, 2007-08.

(Hannah) Dakota Fanning (23 Feb 1994, Conyers GA), American child film actress.

Louis (Abdul) Farrakhan (Louis Eugene Walcott; 11 May 1933, Bronx NY), American leader of the Nation of Islam (Black Muslims) from 1978.

Colin (James) Farrell (31 May 1976, Dublin, Ireland), Irish actor.

Suzanne Farrell (Roberta Sue Ficker; 16 Aug 1945, Cincinnati OH), American ballet dancer.

Justin Fatica (c. 1980, Erie PA), American Catholic youth evangelist; founder (2002) of the Hard as Nails Ministry to bring students to Christ.

Anthony S(tephen) Fauci (24 Dec 1940, Brooklyn NY), American public-health physician and AIDS researcher; director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases from 1984; recipient of a Lasker Medical Award in 2007.

(Catharine) Drew Gilpin Faust (18 Sep 1947, New York NY), American educator and historian; president of Harvard University from 2007.

Brett (Lorenzo) Favre (10 Oct 1969, Kiln MS), American pro football quarterback.

Salam Fayyad (1952, near Tulkarm, Jordan [West Bank]), Palestinian politican (Third Way); prime minister of the Palestinian Authority from 2007.

Roger Federer (8 Aug 1981, Basel, Switzerland), Swiss tennis player.

Russ(ell Dana) Feingold (2 Mar 1953, Janesville WI), American politician (Democrat); senator from Wisconsin from 1993.

Felipe (Felipe de Borbon y Grecia; 30 Jan 1968, Madrid, Spain), Spanish royal, prince of Asturias, and heir to the Spanish throne.

Eddie Fenech Adami (7 Feb 1934, Birkirkara, Malta), Maltese politician; prime minister, 1987-96 and 1998-2004, and president from 2004.

Dennis Fentie (8 Nov 1950, Edmonton, AB, Canada), Canadian businessman and politician (Yukon Party); premier of the Yukon Territory from 2002.

Craig Ferguson (17 May 1962, Glasgow, Scotland), British film and TV actor; host of TV’s The Late Late Show from 2005.

Sarah (Margaret) Ferguson (15 Oct 1959, London, England), British royal, duchess of York after her marriage (23 Jul 1986) to Prince Andrew; they divorced in 1996.

Cristina (Elisabet) Fernandez (Wilhelm) de Kirchner (19 Feb 1953, La Plata, Argentina), Argentine politician; president, following her husband, Nestor Kirchner, from 2007.

Leonel Fernandez (Reyna) (26 Dec 1953, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic), Dominican politician; president, 1996-2000 and again from 2004.

Gil de Ferran (11 Nov 1967, Paris, France), French-born Brazilian race-car driver.

Will Ferrell (16 Jul 1967, Irvine CA), American comedian and actor.

America (Georgine) Ferrera (18 Apr 1984, Los Angeles CA), American film and TV actress.

Albert Fert (7 Mar 1938, Carcassonne, France), French physicist; corecipient of the 2007 Nobel Prize for Physics and a 2007 Japan Prize for work on magnetoresonance.

Tina Fey (Elizabeth Stamatina Fey; 18 May 1970, Upper Darby PA), American comedian and writer.

Robert Fico (15 Sep 1964, Topolcany, Czechoslovakia [now in Slovakia]), Slovak politician (Social Democrat); prime minister from 2006.

Sally Field (6 Nov 1946, Pasadena CA), American comic and dramatic actress.

Ralph (Nathaniel) Fiennes (22 Dec 1962, Suffolk, England), British dramatic actor.

Harvey (Forbes) Fierstein (6 Jun 1954, Brooklyn NY), American playwright and actor.

Luis (Filipe Madeira Caeiro) Figo (4 Nov 1972, Al-mada, Portugal), Portuguese association football (soccer) player; FIFA player of the year, 2001.

Franpois Fillon (4 Mar 1954, LeMans, France), French politician; prime minister from 2007.

David (Leo) Fincher (28 Aug 1962, Denver CO), American film director.

Harvey V. Fineberg (15 Sep 1945, Pittsburgh PA), American public-health physician and medical administrator; president of the Institute of Medicine from 2002.

Carly Fiorina (Cara Carleton Sneed; 6 Sep 1954, Austin TX), American corporate executive and political adviser; president and CEO of Hewlett-Packard, 1999-2005, and chairman, 2000-05.

Heinz Fischer (9 Oct 1938, Graz, Austria), Austrian politician (Social Democrat); president from 2004.

Allison Fisher (24 Feb 1968, Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, England), British pocket-billiards champion.

Isla (Lang) Fisher (3 Feb 1976, Muscat, Oman), British film actress.

Benigno (Repeki) Fitial (27 Nov 1945, Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands), American politician (Covenant Party); governor of the Northern Mariana Islands from 2006.

Patrick Fitzgerald (22 Dec 1960, New York NY), American special prosecutor in a number of high-profile cases.

Tim Flannery (28 Jan 1956, Melbourne, VIC, Australia), Australian zoologist and environmentalist; he was named Australian of the Year for 2007.

Leon Fleisher (23 Jul 1928, San Francisco CA), American pianist; recipient of a 2007 Kennedy Center Honor.

Renee Fleming (14 Feb 1959, Indiana PA), American operatic soprano.

Ernie Fletcher (Ernest Lee Fletcher; 12 Nov 1952, Mount Sterling KY), American physician and politician (Republican); governor of Kentucky, 2003-07.

Juan Diego Florez (13 Jan 1973, Lima, Peru), Peruvian bel canto tenor.

Carlisle Floyd (11 Jun 1926, Latta SC), American opera composer and librettist.

Ken Follett (pseudonyms Zachary Stone and Simon Myles; 5 Jun 1949, Cardiff, Wales), British author of political thrillers.

Phil Fontaine (Larry Phillip Fontaine; “Buddy”; 20 Sep 1944, Fort Alexander Reserve, MB, Canada), Canadian Ojibway First Nations activist; national chief of the Assembly of First Nations from 1997.

Harrison Ford (13 Jul 1942, Chicago IL), American film actor.

Richard Ford (16 Feb 1944, Jackson MS), American writer of novels and short stories.

Tom Ford (27 Aug 1961, Austin TX), American fashion designer.

William Clay Ford, Jr. (3 May 1957, Detroit MI), American corporate executive; chairman and CEO of Ford Motor Co. from 2001.

William Forsythe (1949, New York NY), American ballet dancer, choreographer, and director.

Jodie Foster (Alicia Christian Foster; 19 Nov 1962, Los Angeles CA), American film actress.

Norman (Robert) Foster (1 Jun 1935, near Manchester, England), British architect; recipient of the 1999 Pritzker Prize and a 2002 Praemium Imperi-ale.

Jamie Foxx (Eric Bishop; 13 Dec 1967, Terrell TX), American actor and comedian.

Don Francisco (Mario Kreutzberger; 28 Dec 1940, Talca, Chile), Chilean-born American TV personality; host of the popular show Sabado Gigante.

Al Franken (21 May 1951, New York NY), American comedian, writer, and congressional candidate in 2008.

Jonathan Franzen (17 Aug 1959, Western Springs IL), American author.

Charles Frazier (1950, Asheville NC), American novelist.

Frederik (Frederik Andre Henrik Christian; 26 May 1968, Copenhagen, Denmark), Danish crown prince.

Morgan Freeman (1 Jun 1937, Memphis TN), American theater and film actor.

Dawn French (11 Oct 1957, Holyhead, Wales), British actress, comedian, and writer.

Lucian Freud (8 Dec 1922, Berlin, Germany), German-born British painter.

Dave Freudenthal (David Duane Freudenthal; 12 Oct 1950, Thermopolis WY), American politician (Democrat); governor of Wyoming from 2003.

Saul Friedlander (11 Oct 1932, Prague, Czechoslovakia [now in the Czech Republic]), Czech-born French-Israeli historian and professor whose study The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945 won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for general nonfiction.

Thomas L. Friedman (20 Jul 1953, Minneapolis MN), American journalist and author; foreign-affairs columnist for the New York Times.

Janus Friis (1976, Denmark), Danish Internet entrepreneur; codeveloper of Joost, a program to receive TV broadcasts on a personal computer.

Yasuo Fukuda (16 Jul 1936, Takasaki, Japan), Japanese politician (Liberal Democratic); prime minister from 2007.

Takeo Fukui (28 Nov 1944, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese corporate executive; president and CEO of Honda Motor Co. from 2003.

Richard S. Fuld, Jr. (26 Apr 1946), American corporate executive; CEO of Lehman Brothers Holdings from 1993.

Nelly (Kim) Furtado (2 Dec 1978, Victoria, BC, Canada), Canadian singer and songwriter.

Stefano Gabbana (14 Nov 1962, Milan, Italy), Italian fashion designer and partner of Domenico Dolce.

Neil (Richard) Gaiman (10 Nov 1960, Portchester, England), British graphic novelist.

Mary Gaitskill (11 Nov 1954, Lexington KY), American writer.

John Galliano (Juan Carlos Antonio Galliano Guillen; 28 Nov 1960, Gibraltar), British fashion designer and designer in chief at Christian Dior.

Sonia Gandhi (Sonia Maino; 9 Dec 1947, Turin, Italy), Italian-born Indian widow of Rajiv Gandhi and a political force in India.

James Gandolfini (18 Sep 1961, Westwood NJ), American TV and film actor.

Mario Garcia (1947?, Cuba), Cuban-born American newspaper designer.

Gael Garcia Bernal (30 Oct 1978, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico), Mexican actor.

Gabriel (Jose) Garcia Marquez (6 Mar 1928, Aracat-aca, Colombia), Colombian novelist and short-story writer, a central figure in the magic realism movement in Latin American literature; recipient of the 1972 Neustadt Prize and the 1982 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Alan Garcia Perez (23 May 1949, Lima, Peru), Peruvian politician; president, 1985-90 and again from 2006.

Jennifer (Anne) Garner (17 Apr 1972, Houston TX), American TV and film actress.

Kevin (Maurice) Garnett (19 May 1976, Mauldin SC), American pro basketball player.

Kenny Garrett (9 Oct 1960, Detroit MI), American jazz alto saxophone player.

Ivan Gasparovic (27 Mar 1941, Poltar, Czechoslovakia [now in Slovakia]), Slovak politician; president from 2004.

Bill Gates (William Henry Gates III; 28 Oct 1955, Seattle WA), American computer programmer, businessman, philanthropist, and cofounder of the Microsoft Corp.; he is one of the richest people in the world.

Melinda Gates (Melinda French; 15 Aug 1964, Dallas TX), American philanthropist; cofounder of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Robert M(ichael) Gates (25 Sep 1943, Wichita KS), American government official; CIA director, 1991-93, and secretary of defense from 2006.

Jean-Paul Gaultier (24 Apr 1952, Arcueil, France), French fashion designer.

Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (29 Dec 1937, Male, Maldives), Maldive politician; president from 1978.

Laurent Gbagbo (31 May 1945, Gagnoa, French West Africa [now in Cote d'Ivoire]), Ivorian politician; president of Cote d’Ivoire from 2000.

Haile Gebrselassie (18 Apr 1973, Assela, Ethiopia), Ethiopian runner and world record holder in the 5,000-m and 10,000-m distances.

Frank Gehry (Frank Owen Goldberg; 28 Feb 1929, Toronto, ON, Canada), Canadian-born American architect and designer whose original, sculptural, often audacious work won him worldwide renown; recipient of the 1989 Pritzker Prize.

Bob Geldof (5 Oct 1954, Dublin, Ireland), Irish singer and songwriter and humanitarian.

Juan Gelman (3 May 1930, Buenos Aires, Argentina), Argentine poet; recipient of the 2007 Cervantes Prize.

Francis (Eugene) Cardinal George (16 Jan 1937, Chicago IL), American Roman Catholic churchman; archbishop of Chicago from 1997 and cardinal from 1998.

(Susan) Elizabeth George (26 Feb 1949, Warren OH), American mystery writer.

George Tupou V (Tupouto’a; 4 May 1948, Nuku’alofa, British Tonga), Tongan royal; king from 2006.

Leo W. Gerard (1947?, Sudbury, ON, Canada), Canadian labor leader; international president of the United Steelworkers International from 2001.

Richard (Tiffany) Gere (31 Aug 1949, Philadelphia PA), American film actor.

Valery (Abisalovich) Gergiev (2 May 1953, Moscow, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian conductor; director of the Kirov Opera from 1998.

Ricky (Dene) Gervais (25 Jun 1961, Reading, Berkshire, England), British comedian and actor.

Ron(ald Anthony) Gettelfinger (1 Aug 1944, near De-Pauw IN), American labor leader; president of the United Automobile Workers from 2002.

Mohamed Ghannouchi (18 Aug 1941, Al-Hamma, Tunisia), Tunisian politician and prime minister from 1999.

Jamal al-Ghitani (1945, Suhag, Egypt), Egyptian writer.

Robert Ghiz (21 Jan 1974, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada), Canadian politician (Liberal); premier of Prince Edward Island from 2007.

Paul (Edward Valentine) Giamatti (6 Jun 1967, New Haven CT), American film actor.

Frida Giannini (1972, Rome, Italy), Italian fashion designer; creative director at Gucci from 2006.

Jim Gibbons (James Arthur Gibbons; 16 Dec 1944, Sparks NV), American politician (Republican); governor of Nevada from 2007.

Charles (deWolf) Gibson (9 Mar 1943, Evanston IL), American TV journalist and anchorman.

Mel (Columcille Gerard) Gibson (3 Jan 1956, Peek-skill NY), Australian American actor, producer, director.

Gilberto (Passos) Gil (Moreira) (26 Jun 1942, Salvador, Bahia state, Brazil), Brazilian pop singer and songwriter; minister of culture from 2003.

(Makhdoom Syed) Yousaf Raza Gilani (9 Jun 1952, Karachi, Pakistan), Pakistani politician (PPP); prime minister from 2008.

Melissa Gilbert (8 May 1964, Los Angeles CA), American film and TV actress; president of the Screen Actors Guild from 2002.

Joao Gilberto (do Prado Pereira de Oliveira) (10 Jun 1931, Juazeiro, Bahia state, Brazil), Brazilian bossa-nova singer, songwriter, and guitarist.

Vince Gill (Vincent Grant Gill; 12 Apr 1957, Norman OK), American country and progressive-bluegrass instrumentalist and singer.

Tony Gilroy (Anthony Joseph Gilroy; 11 Sep 1956, New York NY), American screenwriter.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg (15 Mar 1933, Brooklyn NY), American jurist; associate justice of the US Supreme Court from 1993.

Dana Gioia (24 Dec 1950, Los Angeles CA), American poet and critic; chairman of the US National Endowment for the Arts from 2003.

Nikki Giovanni (Yolande Cornelia Giovanni, Jr.; 7 Jun 1943, Knoxville TN), American poet.

Rudy Giuliani (Rudolph William Giuliani; 28 May 1944, Brooklyn NY), American politician (Republican); mayor of New York City, 1994-2002.

Ira Glass (3 Mar 1959, Baltimore MD), American radio broadcaster, creator (1995) and host of This American Life on public radio and later also on cable TV.

Philip Glass (31 Jan 1937, Baltimore MD), American minimalist composer.

Roy J. Glauber (1 Sep 1925, New York NY), American quantum physicist; corecipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Physics.

Savion Glover (19 Nov 1973, Newark NJ), American dancer and choreographer.

Louise (Elisabeth) Gluck (22 Apr 1943, New York NY), American poet; US poet laureate, 2003-04.

Faure (Essozimna) Gnassingbe (Eyadema) (6 Jun 1966, Afagnan, Togo), Togolese politician; president in February 2005 and again from May 2005.

Jean-Luc Godard (3 Dec 1930, Paris, France), French film director.

Ivars Godmanis (27 Nov 1951, Riga, USSR [now in Latvia]), Latvian politician; prime minister from 2007.

Whoopi Goldberg (Caryn Elaine Johnson; 13 Nov 1955, New York NY), American comedian and film actress.

(Orette) Bruce Golding (5 Dec 1947, Clarendon, Jamaica), Jamaican politician; prime minister from 2007.

Ralph E. Gonsalves (8 Aug 1946, Colonarie, Saint Vincent), West Indian politician; prime minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines from 2001.

Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu (15 Aug 1963, Mexico City, Mexico), Mexican film director.

Lawrence Gonzi (1 Jul 1953, Valletta, Malta), Maltese politician (Nationalist); prime minister from 2004.

Roger Goodell (19 Feb 1959, Jamestown NY), American sports executive; commissioner of the National Football League from 2006.

Cuba Gooding, Jr. (2 Jan 1968, Bronx NY), American film actor.

Allegra Goodman (1967, Brooklyn NY), American writer, notably on Jewish themes.

Doris Kearns Goodwin (4 Jan 1943, Brooklyn NY), American historian, biographer, and TV commentator.

Allbert Arnold) Gore, Jr. (31 Mar 1948, Washington DC), American statesman and environmental advocate; vice president of the US, 1993-2001, and corecipient of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.

Ryan (Thomas) Gosling (12 Nov 1980, London, ON, Canada), Canadian TV and film actor.

Jorie Graham (9 May 1951, New York NY), American poet.

Shawn Graham (22 Feb 1968, Rexton, NB, Canada), Canadian politician (Liberal); premier of New Brunswick from 2006.

(Allen) Kelsey Grammer (21 Feb 1955, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands), American TV actor, writer, and producer.

Michael Grandage (2 May 1962, Yorkshire, England), British theater director; artistic director of London’s Donmar Warehouse.

Jennifer Granholm (Jennifer Mulhern; 5 Feb 1959, Vancouver, BC, Canada), Canadian-born American attorney and politician (Democrat); governor of Michigan from 2003.

Hugh Grant (9 Sep 1960, London, England), British film actor.

Gunter (Wilhelm) Grass (16 Oct 1927, Danzig, Germany [now Gdansk, Poland]), German poet, novelist, playwright, sculptor, and printmaker; recipient of the 1999 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Michael Graves (9 July 1934, Indianapolis IN), American postmodernist architect and housewares designer.

Zinaida Greceanii (7 Feb 1956, Tomsk oblast, USSR [now in Russia], Moldovan politician; prime minister from 2008.

Richard Greenberg (1958, Long Island NY), American playwright.

Brian Greene (9 Feb 1963, New York NY), American physicist and expert on string theory.

Paul Greengrass (13 Aug 1955, Cheam, Surrey, England), British film director.

Alan Greenspan (6 Mar 1926, New York NY), American monetary policymaker and chairman of the Board of Governors of the US Federal Reserve Bank, 1987-2006.

Christine Gregoire (Christine O’Grady; 24 Mar 1947, Auburn WA), American politician (Democrat); governor of Washington from 2005.

Gregoire III Laham (Lutfi Laham; 15 Dec 1933, Daraya, Syria), Syrian church leader; patriarch of Antioch in the Greek Melkite Catholic Church from 2000.

Philippa Gregory (9 Jan 1954, Nairobi, Kenya), British historical novelist.

Kate Grenville (14 Oct 1950, Sydney, Australia), Australian writer.

Brad Grey (1958?, Bronx NY), American talent agent, producer, and film executive; chairman and CEO of Paramount Motion Picture Group from 2005.

Michael (Douglas) Griffin (1 Nov 1949, Aberdeen MD), American aerospace engineer and businessman; administrator of NASA from 2005.

Olafur Ragnar Grimsson (14 May 1943, IsafjorSur, Iceland), Icelandic politician; president from 1996.

John Grisham (8 Feb 1955, Jonesboro AR), American lawyer and best-selling novelist.

Josh(ua Winslow) Groban (27 Feb 1981, Los Angeles CA), American adult contemporary singer.

Matt(hew Abram) Groening (15 Feb 1954, Portland OR), American cartoonist and creator (1989) of TV’s The Simpsons.

Dave Grohl (David Eric Grohl; 14 Jan 1969, Warren OH), American rock drummer, guitarist, and singer (for Nirvana and Foo Fighters).

Gilbert M. Grosvenor (5 May 1931, Washington DC), American executive; president of the National Geographic Society, 1980-96, and chairman of the board from 1987.

Andrew S. Grove (Andras Grof; 2 Sep 1936, Budapest, Hungary), Hungarian-born American corporate executive; CEO of Intel Corp. from 1997.

Robert H. Grubbs (27 Feb 1942, Calvert City KY), American chemical engineer; corecipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

Jon Gruden (17 Aug 1963, Sandusky OH), American professional football coach.

Nikola Gruevski (31 Aug 1970, Skopje, Yugoslavia [now in Macedonia]), Macedonian politician; prime minister from 2006.

Peter (Andreas) Grunberg (18 May 1939, Plzen, Czechoslovakia [now in the Czech Republic]), Czech-born German physicist; corecipient of the 2007 Nobel Prize for Physics and a 2007 Japan Prize for work on magnetoresonance.

Armando (Emilio) Guebuza (20 Jan 1943, Mar-rupula, Portuguese Mozambique), Mozambican politician; secretary-general of the Frelimo political party from 2002 and president from 2005.

Ismail Omar Guelleh (27 Nov 1947, Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia), Djiboutian politician; president from 1999.

Guillaume (Guillaume Jean Joseph Marie, Prince of Nassau and Bourbon-Parma; 11 Nov 1981, Chateau de Betzdorf, Luxembourg), Luxembourgian grand duke and heir to the throne.

Gilbert Guillaume (4 Dec 1930, Bois-Colombes, France), French jurist; president of the International Court of Justice, 2000-05.

Ozzie Guillen (Oswaldo Jose Guillen Barrios; 20 Jan 1964, Ocumare del Tuy, Venezuela), Venezuelan-born professional baseball manager.

Abdullah Gul (29 Oct 1950, Kayseri, Turkey), Turkish economist and politician; prime minister, 2002-03, and president from 2007.

Natalie (Anne) Gulbis (7 Jan 1983, Sacramento CA), American golfer.

James Edward Gunn (21 Oct 1938, Livingstone TX), American cosmologist; corecipient of the 2005 Crafoord Prize for research into the evolution of the universe.

Jose Angel Gurrfa Trevino (8 May 1950, Tampico, Tamaulipas, Mexico), Mexican economist; secretary-general of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development from 2006.

Alfred Gusenbauer (8 Feb 1960, Sankt-Polten, Austria), Austrian politician (Social Democrat); chancellor from 2007.

Xanana Gusmao (Jose Alexandre Gusmao; 20 Jun 1946, Laleia, Portuguese Timor [now East Timor]), Timorese independence leader; first president of independent East Timor, 2002-07, and prime minister from 2007.

Antonio (Manuel de Oliveira) Guterres (30 Apr 1949, Lisbon, Portugal), Portuguese politician (Socialist); prime minister, 1995-2002, and UN High Commissioner for Refugees from 2005.

Carlos M. Gutierrez (4 Nov 1953, Havana, Cuba), Cuban-born American corporate executive and government official; CEO of Kellogg Company, 2000-05, and US secretary ofcommerce from 2005.

Buddy Guy (George Guy; 30 Jul 1936, Lettsworth LA), American blues guitarist and singer.

Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (7 Jul 1947, Kath-mandu, Nepal), Nepalese king, 1950-51 and again from 2001-07.

Jake Gyllenhaal (Jacob Benjamin Gyllenhaal; 19 Dec 1980, Los Angeles CA), American film actor.

Ferenc Gyurcsany (4 Jun 1961, Papa, Hungary), Hungarian politician; prime minister from 2004.

Haakon (Haakon Magnus; 20 Jul 1973, Oslo, Norway), Norwegian crown prince (heir to the throne).

Geir(Hilmar) Haarde (8 Apr 1951, Reykjavfk, Iceland), Icelandic politician; prime minister from 2006.

Jurgen Habermas (18 Jun 1929, Dusseldorf, Germany), German philosopher, sociologist, and originator of the theory of communication ethics; he won a 2004 Kyoto Prize.

Charlie Haden (6 Aug 1937, Shenandoah IA), American jazz bass player.

Zaha Hadid (31 Oct 1950, Baghdad, Iraq), Iraqi-born architect; recipient of the 2004 Pritzker Prize.

Stephen (John) Hadley (13 Feb 1947, Toledo OH), American security official; US national security advisor from 2005.

Michael W. Hagee (1945, Hampton VA), American military officer; commandant of the US Marine Corps, 2003-06.

Ted (Arthur) Haggard (Pastor Ted; 27 Jun 1956, Delphi IN), American evangelical church leader who resigned from his church position amidst a sexual scandal in 2006.

Hilary Hahn (27 Nov 1979, Lexington VA), American violinist.

Jorg Haider (26 Jan 1950, Bad Giosern, Austria), Austrian ultra-right-wing politician.

Stelios Haji-Ioannou (14 Feb 1967, Athens, Greece), Greek entrepreneur and corporate executive (easy-Jet and easyGroup).

Donald (Andrew) Hall, Jr. (20 Sep 1928, New Haven CT), American poet, essayist, and critic; US poet laureate, 2006-07.

John L(ewis) Hall (21 Aug 1934, Denver CO), American physicist; corecipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Physics.

Tarja (Kaarina) Halonen (24 Dec 1943, Helsinki, Finland), Finnish politician; president from 2000.

Sam Hamill (1943, northern California?), American poet.

Jane Hamilton (13 Jul 1957, Oak Park IL), American novelist.

Han Zheng (April 1954, Cixi, Zhejiang province, China), Chinese politician (Communist); acting secretary of the Shanghai City Committee (mayor) and head of the Shanghai Communist Party Committee from 2006.

Herbie Hancock (Herbert Jeffrey Hancock; 12 Apr 1940, Chicago IL), American jazz keyboardist and composer.

Daniel Handler (pseudonym Lemony Snicket; 28 Feb 1970, San Francisco CA), American children’s

Ismail Haniya (1962, Shati refugee camp, Gaza, Egyptian-controlled Gaza Strip), Palestinian politician (Hamas); prime minister of the Palestine Authority, 2006-07.

Tom Hanks (Thomas Jeffrey Hanks; 9 Jul 1956, Concord CA), American film actor and director.

Sean (Patrick) Hannity (30 Dec 1961, New York NY), American conservative commentator and talk-show host.

Hans Adam II (14 Feb 1945, Vaduz, Liechtenstein), Liechtenstein royal; prince of Liechtenstein from 1989.

Theodor W(olfgang) Hansch (30 Oct 1941, Heidelberg, Germany), German physicist; corecipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Physics for work in laser spectroscopy.

Harald V (21 Feb 1937, Skaugum, Norway), Norwegian royal; king from 1991.

Marcia Gay Harden (14 Aug 1959, La Jolla CA), American film actress.

Roy Hargrove (16 Oct 1969, WacoTX), American jazz trumpeter.

Joy Harjo (9 May 1951, Tulsa OK), American poet, musician, and Native American (Muskogee) activist.

Nikolaus Harnoncourt (6 Dec 1929, Berlin, Germany), Austrian conductor, cellist, and viol player; cofounder in the 1950s of the Concentus Musicus Wien, an early-music group.

Stephen (Joseph) Harper (30 Apr 1959, Toronto, ON, Canada), Canadian politician (Conservative); prime minister of Canada from 2006.

Padraig Harrington (31 Aug 1971, Dublin, Ireland), Irish golfer.

Ed(ward Allen) Harris (28 Nov 1950, Englewood NJ), American film and stage actor and director.

Mary Hart (Mary Johanna Harum; 8 Nov 1950, Madison SD), American actress and cohost of Entertainment Tonight on TV from 1982.

Harry (Henry Charles Albert David; 15 Sep 1984, London, England), British prince of Wales; son of Charles and Diana, prince and princess of Wales, and third in line to the British throne.

Dominik Hasek (29 Jan 1965, Pardubice, Czechoslovakia [now in the Czech Republic]), Czech ice-hockey goalie.

Robert Hass (1 Mar 1941, San Francisco CA), American poet; Us poet laureate, 1995-97; his Time and Materials won a 2008 Pulitzer Prize in poetry.

Anne (Jacqueline) Hathaway (12 Nov 1982, Brooklyn NY), American TV and film actress.

Tony Hawk (Anthony Frank Hawk; 12 May 1968, San Diego CA), American professional skateboarder.

Stephen W. Hawking (8 Jan 1942, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England), British theoretical physicist, a specialist in cosmology and quantum gravity.

Issa Hayatou (9 Aug 1945, Garoua), Cameroonian association football (soccer) executive.

Michael (Vincent) Hayden (17 Mar 1945, Pittsburgh PA), American director of the National Security Agency, 1999-2005, and director of the CIA from 2006.

Salma Hayek (Jimenez) (2 Sep 1966, Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, Mexico), Mexican-born actress.

Roy Haynes (13 Mar 1926, Roxbury, Boston MA), American jazz drummer and bandleader.

Todd Haynes (2 Jan 1961, Los Angeles CA), American film director, producer, and screenwriter.

Seamus (Justin) Heaney (13 Apr 1939, near Cas-tledawson, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland), Irish poet; recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Chad Hedrick (17 Apr 1977, Spring TX), American champion inline and speed skater.

Hugh M. Hefner (9 Apr 1926, Chicago IL), American magazine.

Katherine (Marie) Heigl (24 Nov 1978, Washington DC), American model and film actress.

Dave Heineman (David Eugene Heineman; 12 May 1948, Falls City NE), American politician (Republican); governor of Nebraska from 2005.

Michael Heller (Michal Heller; 12 Mar 1936, Tarnow, Poland), Polish cosmologist and Roman Catholic priest; recipient of the 2008 Templeton Prize.

Justine Henin (1 Jun 1982, Liege, Belgium), Belgian tennis player who retired in 2008.

Henri (16 Apr 1955, Chateau de Betzdorf, Luxembourg), Luxembourgian grand duke of Luxembourg from 2000.

(Charles) Brad(ford) Henry (10 Jun 1963, Shawnee OK), American politician (Democrat); governor of Oklahoma from 2003.

Thierry (Daniel) Henry (17 Aug 1977, Chatillon, near Paris, France), French association football (soccer) player.

Seymour M(yron) Hersh (8 Apr 1937, Chicago IL), American investigative reporter and writer.

Mohamud Muse Hersi (?, ?), Somali general; president of the secessionist republic of Puntland from 2005.

Jacques Herzog (19 Apr 1950, Basel, Switzerland), Swiss architect; corecipient of the 2001 Pritzker Prize and of a Praemium Imperiale in 2007.

Lleyton Hewitt (24 Feb 1981, Adelaide, SA, Australia), Australian tennis player.

Rosalyn Higgins (Rosalyn Cohen; 2 Jun 1937, London, England), British jurist; president of the International Court of Justice from 2006.

Tommy Hilfiger (Thomas Jacob Hilfiger; 24 Mar 1951, Elmira NY), American fashion designer.

Faith Hill (Audrey Faith Perry; 21 Sep 1967, Jackson MS), American country singer.

Julia Butterfly Hill (18 Feb 1974, Mount Vernon MO), American environmental activist.

Tony Hillerman (27 May 1925, Sacred Heart OK), American mystery writer.

Rick Hillier (Richard J. Hillier; 1955, Campbellton, NF, Canada), Canadian general; chief of defense staff, 2005-08.

Paris Hilton (17 Feb 1981, New York NY), American heiress and socialite.

Sam(uel Archibald Anthony) Hinds (27 Dec 1943, Mahaicony, British Guiana [now Guyana]?), Guyanese politician; president in 1997 and prime minister, 1992-97, 1997-99, and again from 1999.

Emile (Davenport) Hirsch (13 Mar 1985, Palms CA), American film actor.

Damien Hirst (1965, Bristol, England), British artist.

Christopher Hitchens (26 Apr 1949, Portsmouth, England), American cultural and political critic and journalist.

Stanley Ho (Ho Hung-sun; 25 Nov 1921, Hong Kong), Macanese gaming magnate and multibillionaire.

Susan Hockfield (1951, Chicago IL), American neuro-scientist; president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 2004.

David Hockney (9 Jul 1937, Bradford, Yorkshire, England), British painter, draftsman, printmaker, photographer, and stage designer.

John (Henry) Hoeven III (13 Mar 1957, Bismarck ND), American politician (Republican); governor of North Dakota from 2000.

James P(hillip) Hoffa (19 May 1941, Detroit MI), American labor leader; president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters from 1999.

Dustin Hoffman (8 Aug 1937, Los Angeles CA), American film and stage actor.

Philip Seymour Hoffman (23 Jul 1967, Fairport NY), American stage and film actor and theater director.

Hulk Hogan (Terry Gene Bollea; 11 Aug 1953, Augusta GA), American professional wrestler and actor.

Katie (Noelle) Holmes (18 Dec 1978, Toledo OH), American TV and film actress.

(Philip) Anthony Hopkins (31 Dec 1937, Margam, West Glamorgan, Wales), British film and stage actor.

Nick Hornby (17 Apr 1957, Redhill, Surrey, England), British novelist and journalist.

Khaled Hosseini (4 Mar 1965, Kabul, Afghanistan), Afghan-born American novelist.

Whitney (Elizabeth) Houston (9 Aug 1963, Newark NJ), American pop singer and film actress.

Ron Howard (1 Mar 1954, Duncan OK), American TV and film actor and director.

Terrence (Dashon) Howard (11 Mar 1969, Chicago IL), American TV and film actor.

Daniel Walker Howe (1937, Ogden UT), American historian and professor whose What Hath God Wrought won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for history.

Hu Jintao (25 Dec 1942, Jixi, Anhui province, China), Chinese statesman; general secretary of the Communist Party of China, vice chairman of the Military Commission, and president of China from 2003.

Hu Shuli (1953, Beijing, China), Chinese journalist and editor; cofounder of Caijin, a business magazine.

Berthold Huber (15 Feb 1950, Ulm, West Germany [now in Germany]), German corporate executive; chairman of IG Metall from 2007.

Jan Huber (Johannes Huber; 1947?, The Netherlands), Dutch international official; executive secretary of the Antarctic Treaty system from 2004.

Mike Huckabee (Michael Dale Huckabee; 24 Aug 1955, Hope AR), American politician (Republican); governor of Arkansas, 1996-2007.

Jennifer (Kate) Hudson (12 Sep 1981, Chicago IL), American soul and gospel singer and film actress; recipient of the 2006 best supporting actress Academy Award.

Arianna Huffington (Ariana Stassinopoulos; 1950, Athens, Greece), Greek-born American political commentator, syndicated newspaper columnist, and author.

Felicity (Kendall) Huffman (9 Dec 1962, Bedford NY), American TV and film actress.

Robert (Studley Forrest) Hughes (28 Jul 1938, Sydney, Australia), Australian art critic and author.

Hun Sen (4 Apr 1951, Kompong Chom province, Cambodia), Cambodian politician and leader of the government from 1985.

Helen (Elizabeth) Hunt (15 Jun 1963, Culver City CA), American film and TV actress.

Holly Hunter (20 Mar 1958, Conyers GA), American film actress.

Jon M(eade) Huntsman, Jr. (26 Mar 1960, Palo Alto CA), American businessman (Huntsman Family Holdings), politician (Republican), and philanthropist; governor of Utah from 2005.

Lubomyr Cardinal Husar (26 Feb 1933, Lwow, Poland [now Lviv, Ukraine]), Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church leader; patriarch of Lviv from 2000 and cardinal from 2001.

Nicholas Hytner (7 May 1956, Didsbury, near Manchester, England), British theater director; artistic director of the National Theatre from 2003.

Ice Cube (O’Shea Jackson; 15 Jun 1969), American rapper, songwriter, and actor.

Ice-T (Tracy Morrow; 16 Feb 1958, Newark NJ), American hip-hop artist and actor.

Apisai Ielemia (19 Aug 1955, Vaitupu?, British Ellice Islands [now Tuvalu]), Tuvaluan politician; prime minister from 2006.

Ieronymos II (Ioannis Liapis; 1938, Oinofyta, Greece), Greek Orthodox churchman; archbishop of Athens and all Greece from 2008.

Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu (26 Dec 1943, Cairo, Egypt), Turkish professor of history; secretary-general of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference from 2005.

Ratu Josefa Iloilo(vatu Uluivuda) (29 Dec 1920, Tave-uni island, Fiji), Fijian politician; president from 2000.

Toomas Hendrik Ilves (26 Dec 1953, Stockholm, Sweden), Estonian diplomat; president from 2006.

Jeffrey R. Immelt (19 Feb 1956, Cincinnati OH), American corporate executive and CEO of the General Electric Co. from 2001.

Hubert (Alexander) Ingraham (4 Aug 1947, Pine Ridge, Bahamas), Bahamian politician; prime minister, 1992-2002 and again from 2007.

Hiroo Inokuchi (3 Feb 1927, Hiroshima, Japan), Japanese chemist, a specialist in the electrical conductivity of organic materials; recipient of a 2007 Kyoto Prize.

Jose Miguel Insulza (2 Jun 1943, Santiago, Chile), Chilean government official (Socialist); secretary-general of the Organization of American States from 2005.

Bill Irwin (11 Apr 1950, Santa Monica CA), American actor and choreographer.

Walter Isaacson (20 May 1952, New Orleans LA), American corporate executive; chairman and CEO of the Cable News Network (CNN), 2001-03, and president and CEO of the Aspen Institute from 2003.

Riduan Isamuddin (Encep Nurjaman; “Hambali”; 4 Apr 1966, Pamokolan, West Java, Indonesia), Indonesian militant and leader of the Jemaah Is-lamiya group.

Kazuo Ishiguro (8 Nov 1954, Nagasaki, Japan), Japanese-born British novelist.

Shintaro Ishihara (30 Sep 1932, Kobe, Japan), Japanese author and nationalist politician; governor of Tokyo from 1999.

Allen (Ezail) Iverson (7 Jun 1975, Hampton VA), American basketball player.

James (Francis) Ivory (7 Jun 1928, Berkeley CA), American film producer.

Hugh (Michael) Jackman (12 Oct 1968, Sydney, NSW, Australia), Australian film actor.

Alan (Eugene) Jackson (17 Oct 1958, Newnan GA), American country-and-western singer and guitarist.

Alphonso (Roy) Jackson (9 Sep 1945, Marshall TX), American politician; US secretary of housing and urban development, 2004-08.

Janet (Damita Jo) Jackson (16 May 1966, Gary IN), American singer and film and TV actress.

Jesse (Louis) Jackson (8 Oct 1941, Greenville SC), American civil rights leader, minister, and politician.

Michael (Joseph) Jackson (29 Aug 1958, Gary IN), American singer, songwriter, and dancer.

Peter Jackson (31 Oct 1961, Pukerua Bay, New Zealand), New Zealand film director and producer.

Phil(ip Douglas) Jackson (17 Sep 1945, Deer Lodge MT), American basketball player and coach.

Samuel L(eroy) Jackson (21 Dec 1948, Washington DC), American film actor.

Marc Jacobs (9 Apr 1963, New York NY), American fashion designer.

Bharrat Jagdeo (23 Jan 1964, Unity village, De-marara, Guyana), Guyanese politician; president from 1999.

Mick Jagger (Michael Philip Jagger; 26 Jul 1943, Dartford, Kent, England), British rock musician and lead singer for the Rolling Stones.

Helmut Jahn (4 Jan 1940, Nurnberg, Germany), German-born architect.

Zsuzsanna Jakab (17 May 1951, Hungary), Hungarian epidemiologist; the first director of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), from 2005.

LeBron James (30 Dec 1984, Akron OH), American professional basketball player.

Judith (Ann) Jamison (10 May 1944, Philadelphia PA), American dancer and choreographer (American Dance Theater).

Yahya Jammeh (Alphonse Jamus Jebulai Jammeh; 25 May 1965, Kanilai village, Gambia), Gambian politician; president from 1994.

Janez Jansa (Ivan Jansa; 17 Sep 1958, Ljubljana, Yugoslavia [now in Slovenia]), Slovenian defense official, politician (Social Democrat), and prime minister from 2004.

Mariss Jansons (14 Jan 1943, Riga, Latvia), Latvian-born American director; conductor of the Royal Con-certgebouw Orchestra of Amsterdam from 2004.

Jim Jarmusch (22 Jan 1953, Akron OH), American avant-garde filmmaker.

Keith Jarrett (8 May 1945, Allentown PA), American jazz pianist, composer, and saxophonist.

Neeme Jarvi (7 Jun 1937, Tallinn, Estonia), Estonian conductor; music director of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, 1990-2005, and of the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra from 2005, and chief conductor of the Hague Philharmonic from 2005.

Jay-Z (Shawn Corey Carter; 4 Dec 1970, Brooklyn NY), American rapper.

Michaelle Jean (6 Sep 1957, Port-au-Prince, Haiti), Haitian-born Canadian journalist; governor-general of Canada from 2005.

Katharine Jefferts Schori (26 Mar 1954, Pensacola FL), American church leader; presiding bishop of the US Episcopal Church from 2006.

(Philip) Michael Jeffery (12 Dec 1937, Wiluna, WA, Australia), Australian military officer; governor-general of Australia from 2003.

Derek (Sanderson) Jeter (26 Jun 1974, Pequannock NJ), American baseball player.

Ha Jin (Xuefei Jin; 21 Feb 1956, Jinzhou, Liaoning province, China), Chinese American novelist.

Bobby Jindal (Piyush Jindal; 10 Jun 1971, Baton Rouge LA), American politician (Republican); governor of Louisiana from 2008.

Steven (Paul) Jobs (24 Feb 1955, San Francisco CA), American inventor and corporate executive; co-founder of Apple Computer and CEO from 1997.

Scarlett Johansson (22 Nov 1984, New York NY), American film actress.

Elton John (Reginald Kenneth Dwight; 25 Mar 1947, Pinner, Middlesex, England), British singer, composer, and pianist.

Jasper Johns (15 May 1930, Augusta GA), American painter and graphic artist, a pioneer of Pop art.

Boris Johnson (Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson; 19 Jun 1964, New York NY), American-born British journalist, editor (Spectator), and MP (Conservative); mayor of London from 2008.

Denis Johnson (1949, Munich, West Germany [now in Germany]), American novelist, short-story writer, and poet; his Tree of Smoke was a National Book Award winner in 2007.

Dwayne (Douglas) Johnson (“The Rock”; 2 May 1972, Hayward CA), American professional wrestler-turned-actor.

Robert L. Johnson (8 Apr 1946, Hickory MS), American entrepreneur; founder (1980) of BET (Black Entertainment Television) and owner of the Charlotte Bobcats NBA team and Charlotte Sting WNBA team.

Stephen L. Johnson (21 Mar 1951, Washington DC), American government official; director of the Environmental Protection Agency from 2005.

Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf (29 Oct 1938, Monrovia, Liberia), Liberian government and international official; president from 2006.

Angelina Jolie (Angelina Jolie Voight; 4 Jun 1975, Los Angeles CA), American film actress.

Bill T. Jones (William Tass Jones; 15 Feb 1952, Steuben county NY), American dancer, choreographer, and director.

Cherry Jones (21 Nov 1956, Paris TN), American stage actress.

Edward P(aul) Jones (5 Oct 1950, Washington DC), American short-story writer and novelist.

James Earl Jones (Todd Jones; 17 Jan 1931, Ark-abutla MS), American actor.

Marion Jones (12 Oct 1975, Los Angeles CA), American sprinter and long jumper.

Norah Jones (30 Mar 1979, New York NY), American jazz-pop vocalist and pianist.

Quincy (Delight) Jones, Jr. (14 Mar 1933, Chicago IL), American jazz and pop arranger, composer, and producer.

Tommy Lee Jones (15 Sep 1946, San Saba TX), American actor.

Michael (Jeffrey) Jordan (17 Feb 1963, Brooklyn NY), American basketball player; he was voted ESPN’s Athlete of the Century and is believed by many to be the best basketball player in history.

Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Victor Marfa de Borbon y Borbon; 5 Jan 1938, Rome, Italy), Spanish royal; king from 1975.

Juanes (Juan Esteban Aristizabal Vasquez; 9 Aug 1972, Medellfn, Colombia), Colombian singer, songwriter, and guitarist.

Ashley Judd (Ashley Tyler Ciminella; 19 Apr 1968, Granada Hills CA), American film actress.

Anerood Jugnauth (29 Mar 1930, Mauritius), Mauritian politician; prime minister, 1982-95 and 2000-03, and president from 2003.

Jean-Claude Juncker (9 Dec 1954, Redange-sur-At-tert, Luxembourg), Luxembourgian politician; prime minister from 1995.

Joseph Kabila (4 Jun 1971, Sud-Kivu province, Democratic Republic of the Congo), Congolese politician; president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 2001.

Lech Kaczynski (18 Jun 1949, Warsaw, Poland), Polish politician (Law and Justice); president from 2005.

Ismail Kadare (28 Jan 1938, Gjirokaster, Albania), Albanian novelist and poet; recipient of the first Man Booker International Prize, in 2005.

Paul Kagame (23 Oct 1957, Gitarama, Ruanda-Urundi [now Rwanda]), Rwandan politician; president from 2000.

Dahir Riyale Kahin (1952), Somali president of the secessionist Republic of Somaliland from 2002.

Robert E(lliot) Kahn (23 Dec 1938, Brooklyn NY), American computer scientist, a key developer of the network that became the Internet; recipient of a Japan Prize in 2008.

Tim(othy Michael) Kaine (26 Feb 1958, St. Paul MN), American politician (Democrat); governor of Virginia from 2006.

Ingvar Kamprad (1926, Smaland province, Sweden), Swedish businessman; founder of the home-furnishing company IKEA.

Hiroo Kanamori (17 Oct 1936, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese seismologist; recipient of a 2007 Kyoto Prize.

Radovan Karadzic (19 Jun 1945, Petnjica, Yugoslavia [now in Montenegro]), Bosnian Serb politician and president of Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina), 1992-96; he was wanted as a war criminal and was arrested in 2008.

Kostas Karamanlis (Konstantinos Karamanlis; 14 Sep 1956, Athens, Greece), Greek politician (New Democracy); prime minister from 2004.

Donna Karan (Donna Faske; 2 Oct 1948, Forest Hills NY), American fashion designer.

Islam Karimov (30 Jan 1938, Samarkand, USSR [now in Uzbekistan]), Uzbek politician; president from 1990.

Mel(vin Alan) Karmazin (24 Aug 1943, New York NY), American media executive; CEO of Sirius XM Radio (formerly Sirius Satellite Radio) from 2004.

Hamid Karzai (24 Dec 1957, Karz, Afghanistan), Afghan statesman; president of Afghanistan from 2001.

Garry Kasparov (Garri Kimovich Kasparov; original name Garri or Harry Weinstein; 13 Apr 1963, Baku, USSR [now in Azerbaijan]), Azerbaijani-born Russian chess champion of the world, 1985-2000.

Jeffrey Katzenberg (21 Dec 1950, New York NY), American film producer and a cofounder (1994) of DreamWorks SKG.

Nobuhiko Kawamoto (3 Mar 1936, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese corporate executive; president of Honda Motor Co., Ltd., 1990-98.

Naomi Kawase (30 May 1969, Nara, Japan), Japanese film director.

Diane Keaton (Diane Hall; 5 Jan 1946, Los Angeles CA), American actress and director.

Keb’ Mo’ (Kevin Moore; 3 Oct 1951, Los Angeles CA), American blues musician.

Garrison Keillor (Gary Edward Keillor; 7 Aug 1942, Anoka MN), American humorist and writer best known for his long-running radio variety show, A Prairie Home Companion.

Toby Keith (Toby Keith Covel; 8 Jul 1961, Clinton OK), American country-and-western singer.

Bill Keller (18 Jan 1949), American journalist; managing editor of the New York Times, 1997-2001, and executive editor from 2003.

Tim(othy J.) Keller (1950, Pennsylvania), American churchman and author; founding pastor (1989) of Redeemer Presbyterian Church, New York City.

David E. Kelley (4 Apr 1956, Waterville ME), American TV producer and screenwriter.

Ellsworth Kelly (31 May 1923, Newburgh NY), American painter and sculptor.

R. Kelly (Robert S. Kelly; 8 Jan 1969, Chicago IL), American R&B performer.

William M. Kelso (30 Mar 1941, Chicago IL), American archaeologist; director of archaeology for the Jamestown Rediscovery Project.

Yashar Kemal (Kemal Sadik Gogceli; 1922, Hemite, Turkey), Turkish novelist of Kurdish descent.

Dirk (Arthur) Kempthorne (29 Oct 1951, San Diego CA), American politician (Republican); governor of Idaho, 1999-2006; US secretary of the interior from 2006.

Thomas (Michael) Keneally (pseudonym William Coyle; 7 Oct 1935, Sydney, Australia), Australian novelist.

Anthony (McCleod) Kennedy (23 Jul 1936, Sacramento CA), American jurist; associate justice of the US Supreme Court from 1988.

Edward M(oore) Kennedy (22 Feb 1932, Brookline MA), American politician (Democrat); senator from Massachusetts from 1962.

Lee Kernaghan (15 Apr 1964, Corryong, VIC, Australia), Australian country singer; he was named Australian of the Year for 2008.

John F(orbes) Kerry (11 Dec 1943, Fitzsimmons Army Hospital [now in Aurora CO]), American politician (Democrat) and senator from Massachusetts from 1985; the Democratic candidate for president in 2004.

Alan (Lee) Keyes (7 Aug 1950, New York NY), American diplomat, radio commentator, and conservative politician.

Alicia Keys (Alicia Augello Cook; 25 Jan 1981, New York NY), American R&B singer and pianist.

Cheb Khaled (Khaled Hadj Brahim; 29 Feb 1960, Sidi-El-Houri, near Oran, French Algeria), Algerian rai performer.

Hamad ibn Isa al-Khalifah (28 Jan 1950, Bahrain), Bahraini sheikh; emir and chief of state from 1999; he proclaimed himself king in 2002.

Zalmay (Mamozy) Khalilzad (22 Mar 1951, Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan), Afghan-born American diplomat; ambassador to Afghanistan, 2003-05, to Iraq, 2005-07, and to the United Nations, 2007-08.

(Seretse Khama) Ian Khama (27 Feb 1953, Bechua-naland [now Botswana]), Botswanan military officer; president from 2008.

Hojatolislam Sayyed Ali Khamenei (15 Jul 1939, Meshed, Iran), Iranian Shi’ite clergyman and politician who served as president, 1981-89, and as that country’s rahbar, or leader, from 1989.

Mikhail (Borisovich) Khodorkovsky (26 Jun 1963, Moscow, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian businessman, the imprisoned former billionaire head of Yukos Oil Co.

Abbas Kiarostami (22 Jun 1940, Tehran, Iran), Iranian film director.

Mwai Kibaki (15 Nov 1931, Gatuyaini village, Central province, Kenya), Kenyan politician; president from 2002.

Angelique Kidjo (14 Jul 1960, Ouidah, Dahomey [now Benin]), Beninese pop singer.

Nicole (Mary) Kidman (20 Jun 1967, Honolulu HI), American-born Australian actress.

Anselm Kiefer (8 Mar 1945, Donaueschingen, Germany), German Neo-Expressionist painter.

Jakaya (Mrisho) Kikwete (7 Oct 1950, Msoga, British Tanganyika [now in Tanzania]), Tanzanian military officer and government official; president from 2005.

Val (Edward) Kilmer (31 Dec 1959, Los Angeles CA), American film actor.

Jeong H. Kim (1961, Seoul, South Korea), Korean-born American electronics industry executive who was founder (1992) of Yurie Systems, Inc., and president of Alcatel-Lucent’s Bell Labs from 2005.

Kim Jong Il (16 Feb 1941, near Khabarovsk, USSR [now in Russia]), North Korean leader and successor to his father, Kim Il-Sung, as general secretary of the Central Committee of the Worker’s Party of Korea (North Korea) from 1997.

Jimmy Kimmel (13 Nov 1967, Brooklyn NY), American comedian and TV talk-show host.

Jamaica Kincaid (Elaine Potter Richardson; 25 May 1949, St. Johns, Antigua), Antiguan American writer.

B.B. King (Riley B. King; 16 Sep 1925, Itta Bena, near Indianola MS), American blues guitarist and singer.

Carole King (Carole Klein; 9 Feb 1942, Brooklyn NY), American pop singer and songwriter.

Larry King (Lawrence Harvey Zeiger; 19 Nov 1933, Brooklyn NY), American TVjournalist.

Stephen (Edward) King (pseudonym Richard Bach-man; 21 Sep 1947, Portland ME), American writer of novels combining horror, fantasy, and science fiction.

Stephenson King (13 Nov 1958, St. Lucia?), West Indian politician (United Workers Party); prime minister of Saint Lucia from 2007.

Galway Kinnell (1 Feb 1927, Providence RI), American poet.

Michael Kinsley (9 Mar 1951, Detroit MI), American political commentator and editor.

Gediminas Kirkilas (30 Aug 1951, Vilnius, USSR [now in Lithuania]), Lithuanian politician; prime minister from 2006.

Philippe Kirsch (1 Apr 1947, Namur, Belgium), Belgian-born Canadian jurist; president of the International Criminal Court from 2003.

Vaclav Klaus (19 Jun 1941, Prague, Czechoslovakia [now in the Czech Republic]), Czech politician who served as prime minister, 1992-97, and president for one month in 1993 and again from 2003.

Calvin (Richard) Klein (19 Nov 1942, Bronx NY), American fashion designer.

August Kleinzahler (1949, Jersey City NJ), American poet.

Carolina Evelyn Kluft (2 Feb 1983, Sandhult, Sweden), Swedish track and field athlete.

Heidi Klum (1 Jun 1973, Bergisch Gladbach, West Germany [now in Germany]), German supermodel.

Robbie Knievel (Robert Edward Knievel; “Kaptain”; 7 May 1962, Butte MT), American motorcycle stunt performer.

Bobby Knight (Robert Montgomery Knight; 25 Oct 1940, Massillon OH), American collegiate basketball coach who retired in 2008 as the men’s coach with the most wins in history.

Gladys Knight (28 May 1944, Atlanta GA), American R&B singer.

Keira Knightley (26 Mar 1985, Teddington, London, England), British film actress.

Ko Un (1 Aug 1933, Kunsan, North Cholla province, Japanese-occupied Korea [now in South Korea]), Korean poet.

Samuel Kobia (20 Mar 1947, Miathene, British Kenya), Kenyan Methodist church leader; general secretary of the World Council of Churches from 2004.

Robert (Sedraki) Kocharyan (31 Aug 1954, Stepanakert, Nagorno-Karabakh, USSR [now in Azerbaijan]), Armenian politician; president, 1998-2008.

Horst Kohler (22 Feb 1943, Skierbieszow, Poland), German international economic official; president of Germany from 2004.

Girija Prasad Koirala (1925, Tadi, Bihar, British India), Nepalese prime minister, 1991-94, 1998-99, 2000-01, and 2006-08, and acting head of state, 2007-08.

Yusef Komunyakaa (29 Apr 1947, Bogalusa LA), American poet.

Masahiko Komura (3 Mar 1942, Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan), Japanese diplomat and politician; foreign minister, 1998-99 and again from 2007.

Alpha Oumar Konare (2 Feb 1946, Kayes, French West Africa [now in Mali]), Malian statesman; president of Mali, 1992-2002, and chairman of the Commission of the African Union, 2003-08.

Maxim Kontsevich (25 Aug 1964, Khimki, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian mathematician, a specialist in algebraic geometry and algebraic topology; recipient of the Fields Medal in 1998 and a Crafoord Prize in 2008.

Joseph Kony (1964?, Odek, Uganda), Ugandan rebel commander; leader of the Lord’s Resistance Army.

Tim Koogle (1951?, Alexandria VA), American corporate executive; CEO of Yahoo! Inc., 1995-2001.

Rem Koolhaas (17 Nov 1944, Rotterdam, Netherlands), Dutch architect; recipient of the 2000 Pritzker Prize.

Jeff Koons (21 Jan 1955, York PA), American Pop-art painter and sculptor.

Dean (Ray) Koontz (9 Jul 1945, Everett PA), American novelist.

Ted Kooser (Theodore Kooser; 25 Apr 1939, Ames IA), American poet; US poet laureate, 2004-06.

Ernest Bai Koroma (2 Oct 1953, Makeni, British Sierra Leone), Sierra Leonean politician; president from 2007.

Michael (David) Kors (Karl Anderson, Jr.; 1959, Merrick, Long Island NY), American fashion designer.

Vojislav Kostunica (24 Mar 1944, Belgrade, Yugoslavia [now in Serbia]), Serbian politician; president of Yugoslavia, 2000-03; prime minister of Serbia, 2004-08.

Bernard Kouchner (1 Nov 1939, Avignon, France), French foreign minister from 2007.

Lansana Kouyate (15 Jul 1950, Koba, French West Africa [now in Guinea]), Guinean diplomat and statesman; prime minister, 2007-08.

Jon Krakauer (12 Apr 1954, Brookline MA), American author of nonfiction.

Vladimir (Borisovich) Kramnik (25 Jun 1975, Tuapse, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian chess grand master.

Alison Krauss (23 Jul 1971, Decatur IL), American bluegrass fiddle player and singer.

Lenny Kravitz (26 May 1964, Brooklyn NY), American rock musician.

Gidon Kremer (27 Feb 1947, Riga, USSR [now in Latvia]), Latvian-born violinist and conductor.

William Kristol (23 Dec 1952, New York NY), American editor and columnist.

Dennis J. Kucinich (8 Oct 1946, Cleveland OH), American politician (Democrat); mayor of Cleveland, 1977-79; congressman from Ohio from 1997.

John (Kofi Agyekum) Kufuor (8 Dec 1938, Kumisi, Gold Coast [now Ghana]), Ghanaian politician; president from 2001.

Ted Kulongoski (Theodore R. Kulongoski; 5 Nov 1940 Missouri), American politician (Democrat); governor of Oregon from 2003.

Yayoi Kusama (22 Mar 1929, Matsumoto city, Nagano prefecture, Japan), Japanese artist; recipient of a 2006 Praemium Imperiale.

Tony Kushner (16 Jul 1956, New York NY), American playwright.

Andrew Lack (16 May 1947, New York NY), American communications executive; chairman of Sony BMG Music Entertainment (formerly Sony Music Entertainment Corp.), 2003-06.

Christine Lagarde (1 Jan 1956, Paris, France), French lawyer; minister of finance from 2007.

Emeril (John) Lagasse (15 Oct 1959, Fall River MA), American Tvchef, restaurateur, and media personality.

Karl Lagerfeld (10 Sep 1938, Hamburg, Germany), German-born French fashion designer.

Miroslav Lajcak (20 Mar 1963, Poprad, Czechoslovakia [now in Slovakia]), Slovak diplomat and government official; International High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 2007.

Guy Laliberte (1959, Quebec city, QC, Canada), Canadian circus performer and founder of Cirque de Soleil.

Edward S. Lampert (19 Jul 1962, Roslyn NY), American business executive and chairman of ESL Investments and Kmart Holding Corp.

Pascal Lamy (8 Apr 1947, Levallois-Perret, Paris, France), French financial and government official; EU trade commissioner, 1999-2004, and director-general of the World Trade Organization from 2005.

Floyd Landis (14 Oct 1975, Farmersville PA), American cyclist who won the 2006 Tour de France but was later disqualified.

Diane Lane (22 Jan 1965, New York NY), American film actress.

Nathan Lane (Joseph Lane; 3 Feb 1956, Jersey City NJ), American stage and film actor.

David Lang (8 Jan 1957, Los Angeles CA), American opera composer whose The Little Match Girl Passion won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for music.

Helmut Lang (10 Mar 1956, Vienna, Austria), Austrian fashion designer.

Andre Lange (28 Jun 1983, Ilmenau, East Germany [now in Germany]), German bobsled driver.

Frank Langella (1 Jan 1940, Bayonne NJ), American film actor.

Sherry Lansing (Sherry Lee Heimann; 31 Jul 1944, Chicago IL), American actress and film executive.

Anthony M. LaPaglia (31 Jan 1959, Adelaide, SA, Australia), Australian film and TV actor.

Lewis H. Lapham (8 Jan 1935, San Francisco CA), American liberal political commentator and author; editor of Harper’s Magazine, 1976-81 and 1983-2006.

Lyndon (Hermyle) LaRouche, Jr. (8 Sep 1922, Rochester NH), American economist, populist politician, and perennial presidential candidate.

Mark Latham (28 Feb 1961, Sydney, Australia), Australian politician (Labor) and party leader.

Matt(hew Todd) Lauer (30 Dec 1957, New York NY), American TV journalist and news anchor.

Ralph Lauren (Ralph Lipschitz; 14 Oct 1939, New York NY), American fashion designer.

Hugh Laurie (James Hugh Calum Laurie; 11 Jun 1959, Oxford, England), British TV and film actor.

Avril (Ramona) Lavigne (27 Sep 1984, Napanee, ON, Canada), Canadian pop singer.

Sergey (Viktorovich) Lavrov (21 Mar 1950, Moscow, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian politician; foreign minister from 2004.

Jude Law (29 Dec 1972, Blackheath, London, England), British stage and screen actor.

Martin Lawrence (16 Apr 1965, Frankfurt am Main, West Germany [now in Germany]), American TV actor and comedian.

Nigella (Lucy) Lawson (6 Jan 1960), British cook and author of food-related books.

John Le Carre (David John Moore Cornwell; 19 Oct 1931, Poole, Dorset, England), English spy novelist.

Ursula K(roeber) Le Guin (21 Oct 1929, Berkeley CA), American science-fiction and fantasy writer.

Meave Leakey (28 Jul 1942, London, England), British-born Kenyan paleoanthropologist.

Richard (Erskine Frere) Leakey (19 Dec 1944, Nairobi, Kenya), Kenyan physical anthropologist, paleontologist, conservationist, and politician.

Michael O. Leavitt (11 Feb 1951, Cedar City UT), American politician (Republican) and official; governor of Utah, 1993-2003, EPA director, 2003-05, and US secretary of heath and human services from 2005.

Matt LeBlanc (25 Jul 1967, Newton MA), American TV actor.

Ang Lee (23 Oct 1954, P’ing-Tung county, Taiwan), Taiwanese-born film director.

Jason (Michael) Lee (25 Apr 1970, Orange CA), American skateboarder and film and TV actor.

Spike Lee (Shelton Lee; 20 Mar 1957, Atlanta GA), American film director.

Stan Lee (Stanley Martin Lieber; 28 Dec 1922, New York NY), American comic-book artist; creator of Spider-Man and other superheroes.

Lee Hsien Loong (10 Feb 1952, Singapore), Singaporean politician and economic expert; prime minister from 2004.

Lee Kun Hee (9 Jan 1942, Uiryung, Japanese-occupied Korea [now in South Korea]), South Korean corporate executive; chairman of the Samsung Group, 1987-2008.

Lee Myung-bak (19 Dec 1941, Osaka, Japan), South Korean politician (Grand National Party); mayor of Seoul, 2002-06, and president of South Korea from 2008.

John Leguizamo (22 Jul 1964, Bogota, Colombia), Colombian-born American comedian and actor.

Dennis Lehane (4 Aug 1966, Dorchester, Boston MA), American crime novelist.

Jim Lehrer (James C. Lehrer; 19 May 1934, Wichita KS), American TVjournalist and author.

Annie Leibovitz (Anna-Lou Leibovitz; 2 Oct 1949, Westbury CT), American portrait photographer and photojournalist.

Jean Lemierre (6 Jun 1950, Sainte Adresse, France), French international banking executive and president of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development from 2000.

Jay Leno (James Douglas Muir Leno; 28 Apr 1950, Short Hills NJ), American comedian and TV talk-show host.

Robert Lepage (12 Dec 1957, Quebec, QC, Canada), Canadian actor, director, and playwright.

Doris Lessing (Doris May Thaler; 22 Oct 1919, Ker-manshah, Persia [now Bakhtaran, Iran]), British novelist and short-story writer; recipient of the 2007 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Yves (Camille Desire) Leterme (6 Oct 1960, Werwik, Belgium), Belgian politician (Christian Democratic and Flemish); prime minister from 2008.

Jonathan (Allen) Lethem (19 Feb 1964, Brooklyn NY), American novelist, short-story writer, and essayist.

Letsie III (David Mohato; 17 Jul 1963, Morija, Basu-toland [now Lesotho]), Lesotho royal; king of Lesotho, 1990-95 and again from 1996.

David (Michael) Letterman (12 Apr 1947, Indianapolis IN), American TV talk-show host.

Tracy Letts (4 Jul 1965, Tulsa OK), American playwright and actor whose August: Osage County won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for drama.

Simon Asher Levin (22 Apr 1941, Baltimore MD), American biologist who specializes in the application of mathematics to problems in ecology.

James Levine (23 Jun 1943, Cincinnati OH), American conductor and pianist; principal conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra from 2004.

Bernard-Henri Levy (5 Nov 1948, Beni-Saf, French Algeria), Algerian-born French media darling and author of best-selling “enhanced nonfiction” books.

Eugene Levy (17 Dec 1946, Hamilton, ON, Canada), Canadian comic actor and writer.

Kenneth D. Lewis (9 Apr 1947, Meridian MS), American corporate executive; CEO of the Bank of America Corp. from 1999.

Lennox (Claudius) Lewis (2 Sep 1965, West Ham, London, England), British heavyweight boxer.

(Diane) Monique Lhuillier (1971, Cebu, Philippines), American couturier.

Jet Li (Li Lian Jie; 26 Apr 1963, Beijing, China), Chinese-born wushu (acrobatic martial arts) champion and film actor.

Li Ka-shing (13 Jun 1928, Chaozhou, Guangdong province, China), Chinese (Hong Kong) corporate executive, chairman of Hutchison Whampoa Ltd. and Cheung Kong Holdings.

Li Ruigang (June 1969, Shanghai, China), Chinese business executive; president of Shanghai Media Group.

Daniel Libeskind (12 May 1946, Lodz, Poland), Polish-born Israeli-American architect.

Abu Yahya al-Libi (1963, Libya), Libyan militant Islamist leader associated with the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group and a top strategist for al-Qaeda.

Niklas (Erik) Lidstrom (28 Apr 1970, Vasteras, Sweden), Swedish ice-hockey defenseman.

Joseph I. Lieberman (24 Feb 1942, Stamford CT), American politician (Independent Democrat); US senator from Connecticut from 1989.

Lil’ Kim (Kimberly Denise Jones; 11 Jul 1975, Bed-ford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn NY), American hip-hop performer.

Rush Limbaugh (12 Jan 1951, Cape Girardeau MO), American radio talk-show host and conservative commentator.

Linda Lingle (Linda Cutter; 4 Jun 1953, St. Louis MO), American politician (Republican); governor of Hawaii from 2002.

Laura Linney (5 Feb 1964, New York NY), American actress.

John Lithgow (19 Oct 1945, Rochester NY), American film and TV actor.

Liu Chao-shiuan (10 May 1943, Hengyang, Hunan province, China), Taiwanese politician; president of the Executive Yuan (premier) from 2008.

Lucy (Alexis) Liu (2 Dec 1968, Jackson Heights, Queens NY), American TV and film actress.

Nicholas (Joseph Orville) Liverpool (1934, Dominica?, Windward Islands, British West Indies), West Indian politician; president of Dominica from 2003.

Kenneth Livingstone (17 Jun 1945, Lambeth, London, England), British politician (Labour); mayor of London, 2000-08.

Tzipi Livni (Tzipora Malka Livni; 8 Jul 1958, Tel Aviv, Israel), Israeli politician (Kadima); foreign minister of Israel from 2006.

LL Cool J (James Todd Smith; 14 Jan 1968, Queens NY), American hip-hop artist and actor.

Andrew Lloyd Webber (22 Mar 1948, London, England), British composer of stage musicals; recipient of a Praemium Imperiale in 1995 and a 2006 Kennedy Center Honor.

Keith Alan Lockhart (7 Nov 1959, Poughkeepsie NY), American conductor of the Boston Pops from 1993.

Lindsay (Morgan) Lohan (2 Jul 1986, New York NY), American actress and film starlet.

Jonah Tali Lomu (12 May 1975, Auckland, New Zealand), New Zealand rugby winger.

Eva (Jacqueline) Longoria Parker (15 Mar 1975, Corpus Christi TX), American TV actress.

Jennifer Lopez (24 Jul 1970, Bronx NY), American pop singer, actress, and fashion designer.

Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (13 Nov 1953, Te-petitan, Mexico), Mexican politician (Party of the Democratic Revolution); head of government of the Federal District (mayor of Mexico City), 2000-05; unsuccessful candidate for president in 2006.

Peter Loscher (17 Sep 1957, Villach, Austria), Austrian corporate executive; president and CEO of Siemens AG from 2007.

Trent Lott (9 Oct 1941, Grenada MS), American politician (Republican); senator from Mississippi, 1989-2007, Senate leader, 1996-2003, and Senate whip, 1995-96 and again in 2007.

Christian Louboutin (7 Jan 1963, Paris, France), French high-fashion shoe designer.

Joe Lovano (29 Dec 1952, Cleveland OH), American jazz tenor saxophone player, bandleader, and composer.

Henri Loyrette (31 May 1952, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France), French museum curator; director of the Louvre from 2001.

George (Walton) Lucas, Jr. (14 May 1944, Modesto CA), American film producer.

Susan Lucci (23 Dec 1947, Scarsdale NY), American TV soap opera star.

Fernando (Armindo) Lugo (Mendez) (30 May 1951, San Pedro del Parana, Paraguay), Paraguayan Roman Catholic bishop and missionary; president from 2008.

Baz(mark Anthony) Luhrmann (17 Sep 1962, near Sydney, Australia), Australian film and stage director and producer.

Alyaksandr (Hrygorevich) Lukashenka (30 Aug 1954, Kopys, Vitebsk oblast, Belorussian SSR, USSR [now Belarus]), Belarusian politician; president from 1994.

Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (27 Oct 1945, Garanhuns, Pernambuco state, Brazil), Brazilian labor leader and politician (Workers Party); president from 2003.

Sidney Lumet (25 Jun 1924, Philadelphia PA), American film, TV, and stage director.

Hilary Lunke (7 Jun 1979, Edina MN), American golfer.

Uri Lupolianski (1951, Haifa, Israel), Israeli politician (United Torah Judaism); mayor of Jerusalem from 2003.

Yury(Mikhaylovich) Luzhkov (21 Sep 1936, Moscow, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian politician (United Russia); mayor of Moscow from 1992.

John (H.) Lynch (25 Nov 1952, Waltham MA), American businessman and politician (Democrat); governor of New Hampshire from 2005.

Yo-Yo Ma (7 Oct 1955, Paris, France), American cellist.

Ma Ying-jeou (Pinyin: Ma Yingjiu; 13 Jul 1950, Hong Kong), Taiwanese politician and government official; mayor of Taipei, 1998-2006, and president from 2008.

Lorin Maazel (6 Mar 1930, Neuilly, France), French-born American conductor and violinist; music director of the New York Philharmonic from 2002.

Gloria (Macaraeg) Macapagal Arroyo (5 Apr 1947, San Juan, Philippines), Philippine politician; president from 2001.

Rodney (Joseph) MacDonald (2 Jan 1972, Inverness, NS, Canada), Canadian fiddle player and politician (Progressive Conservative); premier of Nova Scotia from 2006.

Alistair MacLeod (20 Jul 1936, North Batteford, SK, Canada), Canadian writer.

Madonna (Madonna Louise Veronica Ciccone; 16 Aug 1958, Bay City MI), American singer, songwriter, actress, and entrepreneur.

Tobey Maguire (Tobias Vincent Maguire; 27 Jun 1975, Santa Monica CA), American film actor.

Bill Maher (20 Jan 1956, New York NY), American TV comedian and personality.

Roger Michael Cardinal Mahony (27 Feb 1936, Hollywood CA), American Roman Catholic churchman; archbishop of Los Angeles from 1985 and cardinal from 1991.

Natalie Maines (14 Oct 1974, Lubbock TX), American country vocalist (for the Dixie Chicks).

Mohammed ibn Rashid al-Maktum (1949, Dubai, British Trucial States [now in United Arab Emirates]?), UAE sheikh; crown prince from 1995 and ruler of Dubai from 2006; he is also a noted horse breeder.

Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi (14 Apr 1945, Lepa, Samoa), Samoan politician; prime minister of Samoa from 1998.

Nuri (Kamal) al-Maliki (Jawad al-Maliki; Abu Isra; 1 Jul 1950, near Karbala, Iraq), Iraqi politician (Shi’ite); prime minister of Iraq from 2006.

John (Gavin) Malkovich (9 Dec 1953, Christopher IL), American film actor and filmmaker.

David (George Joseph) Malouf (20 Mar 1934, Brisbane, QLD, Australia), Australian poet and novelist; recipient of the 2000 Neustadt Prize.

David (Alan) Mamet (30 Nov 1947, Chicago IL), American playwright, director, and screenwriter.

Joe Manchin (Joseph Manchin III; 24 Aug 1947, Farmington WV), American businessman and politician (Democrat); governor of West Virginia from 2005.

Nelson (Rolihlahla) Mandela (18 Jul 1918, Umtata, Cape of Good Hope, Union of South Africa), South African black nationalist leader and statesman; he was a political prisoner, 1962-90, president of South Africa (1994-99), and corecipient of the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize.

Winnie Madikizela Mandela (original name Nomzamo Nomandla Winifred Madikizela; original Xhosa name Nkosikazi Nobandle Nomzamo Madik-izela; 26 Sep 1934/36, Bizana, Pondoland district, Cape of Good Hope, Union of South Africa), South African social worker and black nationalist leader; second wife of Nelson Mandela.

Peter (Benjamin) Mandelson (21 Oct 1953, London, England), British politician (Labour), cabinet minister, and international official; EU commissioner for trade from 2004.

Barry Manilow (Barry Alan Pincus; 17 Jun 1946, Brooklyn NY), American pop singer and songwriter.

Eli(sha Nelson) Manning (3 Jan 1981, New Orleans LA), American pro football quarterback.

Patrick (Augustus Merving) Manning (17 Aug 1946, San Fernando, Trinidad), Trinidadian politician; prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago, 1991-95 and again from 2001.

Peyton (Williams) Manning (24 Mar 1976, New Orleans LA), American pro football quarterback.

John H. Marburger III (1941?, Staten Island NY), American physicist; presidential science adviser and head of the Office of Science and Technology Policy from 2001.

Brice Marden (15 Oct 1938, Bronxville NY), American minimalist painter and printmaker.

Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Thorhildur In-grid; 16 Apr 1940, Copenhagen, Denmark), Danish royal; queen from 1972.

Mariam (Mariam Doumbia; 15 Apr 1958), Malian singer (of Amadou and Mariam).

Mariza (Mariza Nunes; 1974?, Mozambique), Portuguese fado singer.

Mary Ellen Mark (20 Mar 1940, Philadelphia PA), American photojournalist.

Branford Marsalis (26 Aug 1960, Breaux Bridge LA), American jazz saxophonist, bandleader, and producer.

Wynton Marsalis (18 Oct 1961, New Orleans LA), American jazz trumpeter and composer.

Barry J. Marshall (30 Sep 1951, Kalgoorlie, WA, Australia), Australian clinician; corecipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

Yann Martel (25 Jun 1963, Salamanca, Spain), Spanish-born Canadian novelist; recipient of the 2002 Man Booker Prize.

Kevin Martin (14 Dec 1966, Charlotte NC), American politician and chairman of the Federal Communications Commission from 2005.

Steve Martin (14 Aug 1945, Waco TX), American comedic actor, screenwriter, playwright, and author; recipient of a 2007 Kennedy Center Honor.

Mel Martinez (Melqufades Rafael Martinez; 23 Oct 1946, Sagua la Grande, Cuba), Cuban-born American politican and official; US secretary of housing and urban development, 2001-03, senator (Republican) from Florida from 2005, and general chairman of the Republican National Committee in 2007.

Mary (Mary Donaldson; 5 Feb 1972, Hobart, TAS, Australia), Australian-born marketing executive and crown princess of Denmark; wife of Crown Prince Frederik (married 14 May 2004).

Masako (Masako Owada; 9 Dec 1963, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese royal; princess consort of Crown Prince Naruhito (married 9 Jun 1993).

Eric S. Maskin (12 Dec 1950, New York NY), American economist; corecipient of the 2007 Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences for work in mechanism design theory.

Master P (Percy Miller; 29 Apr 1970, New Orleans LA), American gangsta rap performer and producer.

Kalkot Mataskelekele (Mauliliu) (24 Apr 1949, Port Vila?, New Hebrides [now Vanuatu]), Vanuatuan lawyer and politician; president from 2004.

Mathilde (Mathilde d’Udekem d’Acoz; 21 Jan 1973, Uccle, Belgium), Belgian royal; princess consort of Prince Philippe (married 4 Dec 1999) and heir to the throne.

Hideki Matsui (12 Jun 1974, Ishikawa prefecture, Japan), Japanese baseball outfielder.

Koichiro Matsuura (29 Sep 1937, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese diplomat and international official; director-general of UNESCO from 1999.

Daisuke Matsuzaka (13 Sep 1980, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese baseball player.

Dave Matthews (David John Matthews; 9 Jan 1967, Johannesburg, South Africa), South African-born American rock musician (of the Dave Matthews Band).

Maxima (Maxima Zorreguieta Cerruti; 17 May 1971, Buenos Aires, Argentina), Argentine-born Dutch investment banker and princess consort of Crown Prince Willem-Alexander (married 2 Feb 2002).

John (Dayton) Mayer (1979, Fairfield CT), American singer and songwriter.

Thom Mayne (19 Jan 1944, Waterbury CT), American architect; recipient of the 2005 Pritzker Prize.

Floyd Mayweather, Jr. (“Pretty Boy”; 24 Feb 1977, Grand Rapids MI), American boxing champion in several weight classes, from lightweight to super welterweight.

Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw (1954?, Bangalore, India), Indian business executive; founder (1978) of Biocon India, India’s first biotechnology company.

Thabo (Mvuyelwa) Mbeki (18 Jun 1942, Idutywa, Cape of Good Hope, Union of South Africa), South African politician; president from 1999.

Mary (Patricia) McAleese (27 Jun 1951, Belfast, Northern Ireland), Irish politician; president from 1997.

James (Andrew) McAvoy (21 Apr 1979, Glasgow, Scotland), British actor.

John (Sidney) McCain III (29 Aug 1936, Panama Canal Zone), American politician (Republican); senator from Arizona from 1987; candidate for president in 2008.

Cormac McCarthy (Charles McCarthy, Jr.; 20 Jul 1933, Providence RI), American novelist in the Southern gothic tradition.

(James) Paul McCartney (18 Jun 1942, Liverpool, England), British singer, songwriter, and former member of the Beatles.

Stella (Nina) McCartney (13 Sep 1971, London, England), British fashion designer.

Delbert McClinton (4 Nov 1940, Lubbock TX), American country-and-western singer and harmonica player.

Matthew McConaughey (4 Nov 1969, Uvalde TX), American film actor.

Mike McConnell (John Michael McConnell; 26 Jul 1943, Greenville SC), American military intelligence officer; director of the National Security Agency, 1992-96, and director of national intelligence from 2007.

David McCullough (7 Jul 1933, Pittsburgh PA), American biographer and historian.

Audra (Ann) McDonald (3 Jul 1970, West Berlin, West Germany [now in Germany]), American theater actress.

Frances McDormand (23 Jun 1957, Chicago IL), American film actress.

John (Patrick) McEnroe, Jr. (16 Feb 1959, Wiesbaden, West Germany [now in Germany]), American tennis player and TV sportscaster.

Reba McEntire (28 Mar 1954, McAlester OK), American country singer and TV and film actress.

Ian (Russell) McEwan (21 Jun 1948, Aldershot, England), British novelist.

Glenn (Donald) McGrath (9 Feb 1970, Dubbo, NSW, Australia), Australian cricket fast bowler.

Phil(lip C.) McGraw (1 Sep 1950, Vinita OK), American talk-show host, author, and psychologist-educator.

(Samuel) Tim(othy) McGraw (1 May 1967, Delhi LA), American country-and-western singer.

Dalton McGuinty (19 Jul 1955, Ottawa, ON, Canada), Canadian lawyer and politician (Liberal); premier of Ontario from 2003.

Kevin McKenzie (29 Apr 1954, Burlington VT), American ballet dancer, choreographer, and director.

Victor A(lmon) McKusick (21 Oct 1921, Parkman ME), American geneticist, a pioneer in the field of medical genetics; recipient of a Japan Prize in 2008.

Beverley McLachlin (7 Sep 1943, Pincher Creek, AB, Canada), Canadian Supreme Court justice from 1989 and chief justice from 2000.

Vince McMahon (Vincent Kennedy McMahon, Jr.; 24 Aug 1945, Pinehurst NC), American wrestling promoter; owner of World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., from 1982.

Larry McMurtry (3 Jun 1936, Wichita Falls TX), American novelist.

W. James McNerney, Jr. (22 Aug 1949, Providence RI), American corporate executive; chairman of the board, president, and CEO of the Boeing Co. from 2005.

Marian McPartland (Margaret Marian Turner; 20 Mar 1918, Slough, England), English-born jazz pianist and composer.

James M. McPherson (11 Oct 1936, Valley City ND), American historian of slavery and the antislavery movement.

Ian McShane (29 Sep 1942, Blackburn, Lancashire, England), British film and TV actor.

Russell (Charles) Means (10 Nov 1939, Pine Ridge SD), American Lakota Sioux activist.

Dmitry (Anatolyevich) Medvedev (14 Sep 1965, Leningrad, USSR [now St. Petersburg, Russia]), Russian lawyer and politican; president of Russia from 2008.

Brad Mehldau (23 Aug 1970, Jacksonville FL), American jazz pianist and composer.

Zubin Mehta (29 Apr 1936, Bombay [now Mumbai], British India), Indian orchestral conductor; music director of the Israel Philharmonic from 1968; recipient of a 2006 Kennedy Center Honor.

Cildo Meireles (1948, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Brazilian installation artist and sculptor.

John Mellencamp (Johnny Cougar; John Cougar Mel-lencamp; 7 Oct 1951, Seymour IN), American singer and songwriter.

Eva Mendes (5 Mar 1974, Miami FL), American model and film actress.

Sam(uel Alexander) Mendes (1 Aug 1965, Reading, England), British film director.

Paulo Mendes da Rocha (25 Oct 1928, Vitoria, Es-pfrito Santo state, Brazil), Brazilian architect and professor; recipient of the 2006 Pritzker Prize.

Fradique de Menezes (1942), Sao Tome and Prfncipe politician; president, 2001-03 and again from 2003.

Angela Merkel (Angela Dorothea Kasner; 17 Jul 1954, Hamburg, West Germany [now in Germany]), German politician (Christian Democratic Union); chancellor of Germany from 2005.

W(illiam) S(tanley) Merwin (30 Sep 1927, New York Ny), American poet and translator.

Stipe Mesic (Stjepan Mesic; 24 Dec 1934, Orahovica, Yugoslavia [now in Croatia]), Croatian politician; president from 2000.

Pat Metheny (12 Aug 1954, Lee’s Summit MO), American jazz guitarist and bandleader.

Mette-Marit (Mette-Marit Tjessem H0iby; 19 Aug 1973, Kristiansand, Norway), Norwegian royal; princess consort of Crown Prince Haakon (married 25 Aug 2001).

Pierre de Meuron (8 May 1950, Basel, Switzerland), Swiss architect; corecipient of the 2001 Pritzker Prize and of a Praemium Imperiale in 2007.

Stephenie Meyer (24 Dec 1973, Hartford CT), American author of fiction for young adults.

Jonathan Rhys Meyers (Jonathan Michael Francis O’Keefe; 27 Jul 1977, Dublin, Ireland), Irish film actor.

Michael (Michael Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen; ruled as Mihai I; 25 Oct 1921, Sinaia, Romania), Romanian king, 1927-30 (under regency) and 1940-47.

Lorne Michaels (Lorne Michael Lipowitz; 17 Nov 1944, Toronto, ON, Canada), Canadian-born TV and film producer.

James (Alix) Michel (16 Aug 1944, Mahe Island, Seychelles), Seychelles politician; president from 2004.

Michiko (Michiko Shoda; 20 Oct 1934, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese royal; empress consort of Emperor Akihito (married 10 Apr 1959).

Bette Midler (1 Dec 1945, Honolulu HI), American comedian, singer, and actress.

Midori (Midori Goto; 25 Oct 1971, Osaka, Japan), Japanese-born American violinist.

David (Wright) Miliband (15 Jul 1965, London, England), British politician (Labour); foreign secretary from 2007.

David (Raymond) Miller (26 Dec 1958, San Francisco CA), American-born Canadian politician (independent); mayor of Toronto from 2003.

Dennis Miller (3 Nov 1953, Pittsburgh PA), American TV comedian and writer.

(Samuel) Bode Miller (12 Oct 1977, Easton NH), American Alpine skier.

Shannon (Lee) Miller (10 Mar 1977, Rolla MO), American gymnast.

Sienna (Rose) Miller (28 Dec 1981, New York NY), American-born British stage and film actress.

Sue Miller (29 Nov 1943, Chicago IL), American novelist.

Ming-Na (Ming-Na Wen; 20 Nov 1963, Macau), Macanese-born American TV actress.

Ruth Ann Minner (Ruth Ann Coverdale; 17 Jan 1935, Milford DE), American politician (Democrat); governor of Delaware from 2001.

Kylie (Ann) Minogue (28 May 1968, Melbourne, Australia), Australian actress and pop singer.

Helen Mirren (Ilyena Lydia Mironoff; 26 Jul 1945, Chiswick, London, England), British stage and film actress; recipient of the 2006 best actress Academy Award.

Joni Mitchell (Roberta Joan Anderson; 7 Nov 1943, Fort Macleod, AB, Canada), Canadian singer, songwriter, and painter.

Efthimios E. Mitropoulos (30 May 1939, Piraeus, Greece), Greek international official; secretary-general of the International Maritime Organization from 2004.

Lakshmi (Narayan) Mittal (15 Jun 1950, Sadulpur, Rajastan, India), Indian-born British steel magnate.

Satoshi Miura (3 Apr 1944, Japan?), Japanese corporate executive; CEO of Nippon Telephone & Telegraph from 2007.

Ratko Mladic (12 Mar 1943, Kalinovik village, Bosnia, Yugoslavia [now in Bosnia and Herzegovina]), Bosnian Serb military officer sought as a war criminal.

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka (3 Nov 1955, Claremont, Natal, Union of South Africa [now KwaZulu Natal province, South Africa]), South African politician; deputy president from 2005.

Festus (Gontebanye) Mogae (21 Aug 1939, Serowe, Bechuanaland [now Botswana]), Botswanan politician; president, 1998-2008.

N(avarre)Scott Momaday (27 Feb 1934, Lawton OK), American writer of Kiowa heritage.

Thomas S(pencer) Monson (21 Aug 1927, Salt Lake City UT), American church leader; president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 2008.

Alan Moore (18 Nov 1953), British author and creator of graphic novels.

Demi Moore (Demetria Gene Guynes; 11 Nov 1962, Roswell NM), American film actress.

Julianne Moore (Julie Anne Smith; 3 Dec 1960, Fay-etteville NC), American film actress.

Lorrie Moore (Marie Lorena Moore; 13 Jan 1957, Glens Falls NY), American short-story writer and novelist.

Mandy Moore (Amanda Leigh Moore; 10 Apr 1984, Nashua NH), American pop singer and actress.

Michael Moore (23 Apr 1954, Davison MI), American film director and author.

(Juan) Evo Morales (Ayma) (26 Oct 1959, Orinoca, Bolivia), Bolivian farm-union leader; president from 2006.

Jason Moran (21 Jan 1975, Houston TX), American jazz pianist and bandleader.

Airto Moreira (5 Aug 1941, Itaiopolis, Santa Catarina state, Brazil), Brazilian jazz percussionist.

Luis Moreno Ocampo (4 Jun 1952, Buenos Aires, Argentina), Argentine lawyer; the first chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, from 2003.

Rhodri Morgan (29 Sep 1939, Cardiff, Wales), Welsh politician (Labour); first minister of Wales from 2000.

Manny Mori (Emanuel Mori; 1948, Chuuk state?, Micronesia), Micronesian politician; president from 2007.

Mark Morris (29 Aug 1956, Seattle WA), American dancer and choreographer.

Toni Morrison (Chloe Anthony Wofford; 18 Feb 1931, Lorain OH), American novelist; recipient of the 1993 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Viggo (Peter) Mortensen (20 Oct 1958, New York NY), American film actor.

Martin Mosebach (31 Jul 1951, Frankfurt am Main, West Germany [now in Germany]), German novelist; recipient of the 2007 Georg Buchner Prize.

Walter Mosley (12 Jan 1952, Los Angeles CA), American writer of science fiction and mystery novels.

Andrew Motion (26 Oct 1952, London, England), English poet, teacher, editor, and biographer; poet laureate of England from 1999.

Patrice (Tlhopane) Motsepe (28 Jan 1962, Johannesburg, South Africa), South African mining tycoon and sports club owner; founder (1997) and chairman of African Rainbow Minerals Ltd.

Markos Moulitsas (Zuniga) (“Kos”; 11 Sep 1971, Chicago IL), American populist journalist and blog-ger; founder and editor of the Daily Kos blog from 2002.

Amr Muhammad Moussa (3 Oct 1936, Cairo, Egypt), Egyptian secretary-general of the League of Arab States from 2001.

Bill Moyers (Billy Don Moyers; 5 Jun 1934, Hugo OK), American TV journalist, former government official, and author.

Mswati III (19 Apr 1968, Swaziland), Swazi royal; king of Swaziland from 1986.

(Muhammed) Hosni Mubarak (4 May 1928, Al-Minu-fiyah governorate, Egypt), Egyptian politician; president from 1981.

Daniel H. Mudd (1959, ?), American corporate executive; president and CEO of Fannie Mae from 2005.

Edward A. Mueller (1947, St. Louis MO), American corporate executive; chairman and CEO of Qwest Communications International Inc. from 2007.

Lisel Mueller (Lisel Neumann; 8 Feb 1924, Hamburg, Germany), German-born American poet.

Robert S(wan) Mueller III (7 Aug 1944, New York NY), American government official; FBI director from 2001.

Robert (Gabriel) Mugabe (21 Feb 1924, Kutama, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe]), Zimbabwean politician; the first prime minister (1980-87) of the reconstituted state of Zimbabwe and president from 1987.

Muhammad VI (Muhammad ibn al-Hassan; 21 Aug 1963, Rabat, Morocco), Moroccan royal; king from 1999.

Ali Muhammad Mujawar (1953, Shabwah, British-protected Aden [now in Yemen]), Yemeni politician; prime minister from 2007.

Michael (Bernard) Mukasey (28 Jul 1941, Bronx NY), American jurist; US attorney general from 2007.

Pranab Mukherjee (11 Dec 1935, Mirati village, West Bengal, British India), Indian politician (Indian National Congress); foreign minister, 1995-96 and again from 2006.

Paul Muldoon (20 Jun 1951, Portadown, Northern Ireland), Irish-born American poet.

Alice Munro (Alice Anne Laidlaw; 10 Jul 1931, Wing-ham, ON, Canada), Canadian short-story writer.

(Keith) Rupert Murdoch (11 Mar 1931, Melbourne, Australia), Australian-born British newspaper media entrepreneur; founder of the global media holding company News Corporation Ltd.

Eddie Murphy (3 Apr 1961, Brooklyn NY), American comedian and film actor.

Cormac Cardinal Murphy-O’Connor (24 Aug 1932, Reading, Berkshire, England), British church leader; archbishop of Westminster (leader of the Roman Catholic Church in the UK) from 2000 and cardinal from 2001.

Yoweri (Kaguta) Museveni (15 Aug 1944, Mbarra district, Uganda), Ugandan politician; president from 1986.

Pervez Musharraf (Pervez Musharraf Nish-i-Imtiaz; 11 Aug 1943, New Delhi, British India), Pakistani military leader and politician; head of Pakistan’s government, 1999-2001, and president, 2001-08.

Bingu wa Mutharika (24 Feb 1934, Thyolo district, British Nyasaland [now Malawi]), Malawian politician (United Democratic Front); president from 2004.

Riccardo Muti (28 Jul 1941, Naples, Italy), Italian conductor; music director of La Scala Orchestra in Milan, 1986-2005; named to become music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra from 2010.

Halil Mutlu (Huben Hubenov; “Little Dynamo”; 14 Jul 1973, Postnik, Bulgaria), Bulgarian-born Turkish weight lifter.

Anne-Sophie Mutter (29 Jun 1963, Rheinfelden, West Germany [now in Germany]), German violinist.

Mike Myers (25 May 1963, Scarborough, ON, Canada), Canadian comedian and actor.

Roger B. Myerson (29 Mar 1951, Boston MA), American economist; corecipient of the 2007 Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences for work in mechanism design theory.

Youssou N’Dour (1 Oct 1959, Dakar, French West Africa [now in Senegal]), Senegalese singer and songwriter.

James Nachtwey (14 Mar 1948, Syracuse NY), American news photographer.

Rafael Nadal (Parera) (3 Jun 1986, Manacor, Mal-lorca, Spain), Spanish tennis player.

Ralph Nader (27 Feb 1934, Winsted CT), American social activist and politician; he was a presidential candidate in 2000, 2004, and 2008.

(Clarence) Ray Nagin, Jr. (11 Jun 1956, New Orleans LA), American politician (Democrat); mayor of New Orleans from 2002.

Parminder K. Nagra (5 Oct 1975, Leicester, Leicestershire, England), British film and TV actress.

Khalifah ibn Zayid Al Nahyan (c. 1948, Al-’Ayn, Abu Dhabi, British Trucial States [now United Arab Emirates]), UAE sheikh; ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the United Arab Emirates from 2004.

V(idiadhar) S(urajprasad) Naipaul (17 Aug 1932, Chaguanas, Trinidad), Trinidadian-born British writer; recipient of the 2001 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Mira Nair (15 Oct 1957, Bhubaneshwar, Orissa state, India), Indian film director and screenwriter.

Giorgio Napolitano (29 Jun 1925, Naples, Italy), Italian politician (Communist); president from 2006.

Janet Napolitano (29 Nov 1957, New York NY), American politician (Democrat); governor of Arizona from 2003.

Murthy Narayana (20 Aug 1946, Karnataka, British India), Indian international business executive and pioneer in India’s high-tech industry; cofounder and CEO of Infosys Technologies Ltd., a technology and consulting firm.

Robert (Louis) Nardelli (17 May 1948, Old Forge PA), American corporate executive; CEO of the Home Depot, Inc., 2000-07, and of Chrysler Corp. thereafter.

Naruhito (23 Feb 1960, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese crown prince.

Nas (Nasir bin Olu Dara Jones; “Nasty Nas”; “Nas Escobar”; 14 Sep 1973, Queens NY), American hip-hop artist.

Milton Nascimento (26 Oct 1942, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Brazilian pop singer and songwriter.

Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah (31 Aug 1960, Borj Ham-moud, Beirut, Lebanon), Lebanese Islamist military leader; secretary-general of Hezbollah from 1992.

Taslima Nasrin (25 Aug 1962, Mymensingh, Bangladesh), Bangladeshi Islamic feminist writer.

S(ellapan) R(amanathan) Nathan (3 Jul 1924, Singapore?), Singaporean politician; president from 1999.

Bruce Nauman (6 Nov 1941, Fort Wayne IN), American sculptor and installation and performance artist.

Nursultan Nazarbayev (6 Jul 1940, Chemolgan, USSR [now in Kazakhstan]), Kazakh politician; president from 1990.

Liam Neeson (William Neeson; 7 Jun 1952, Bally-mena, Northern Ireland), British film actor.

Willie (Hugh) Nelson (30 Apr 1933, Fort Worth TX), American songwriter and guitarist.

Nerses Bedros XIX (Boutros Tarmouni; 17 Jan 1940, Cairo, Egypt), Armenian churchman; patriarch of the Catholic Armenians from 1999.

Randy Newman (Randall Stuart Newman; 28 Nov 1943, Los Angeles CA), American songwriter, singer, and pianist.

Marc Newson (1963, Sydney, NSW, Australia), Australian industrial designer.

Thandie Newton (Thandiwe Newton; 6 Nov 1972, Zambia), Zambian-born British TV and film actress.

Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (1942, Acoacan, Rfo Muni [now Equatorial Guinea]), Equatorial Guinean politician; president of Equatorial Guinea from 1979.

Ngugi wa Thiong’o (James Thiong’o Ngugi; 5 Jan 1938, Limuru, Kenya), Kenyan novelist.

Nguyen Minh Triet (8 Oct 1942, Ben Cat district, French Indochina [now in Vietnam]), Vietnamese politician; president from 2006.

Nguyen Tan Dung (17 Nov 1949, Ca Mau, French Indochina [now in Vietnam]), Vietnamese politician; prime minister from 2006.

Mike Nichols (Michael Igor Peschkowsky; 6 Nov 1931, Berlin, Germany), American stage and film director.

Jack Nicholson (John Joseph Nicholson; 22 Apr 1937, Neptune NJ), American film actor.

Takashi Nishioka (1936?, Japan?), Japanese corporate executive; chairman and CEO of Mitsubishi Motors Corp. from 2005.

Uichiro Niwa (c. 1941, Aichi prefecture, Japan), Japanese corporate executive; CEO and president of Itochu Corp. from 1998.

Pierre Nkurunziza (18 Dec 1963, Ngozi province, Burundi), Burundian Hutu rebel leader; president from 2005.

Ronald K(enneth) Noble (1957?, New Jersey), American law professor and government official; secretary-general of Interpol from 2000.

Christopher (Jonathan James) Nolan (30 Jul 1970, London, England), British film director.

Indra Nooyi (28 Oct 1955, Madras [now Chennai], Tamil Nadu state, India), Indian-born American businesswoman; chairman and CEO of PepsiCo from 2007.

Norodom Sihamoni (14 May 1953, Phnom Penh, Cambodia), Cambodian royal; king from 2004.

Norodom Sihanouk (Preah Baht Samdach Preah Norodom Sihanuk Varman; 31 Oct 1922, Phnom Penh, Cambodia), Cambodian king, 1941-55 and 1993-2004; head of state, 1960-70 and 1991-93.

Richard C. Notebaert (1948?, Montreal, QC, Canada), Canadian-born corporate executive; chairman and CEO of Ameritech Corp., 1993-99, and of Qwest Communications International Inc., 2002-07.

Chris Noth (13 Nov 1954, Madison WI), American film and TV actor.

Lynn Nottage (1971?, Brooklyn NY), American playwright.

Jean Nouvel (12 Aug 1945, Fumel, France), French architect; recipient of a Praemium Imperiale in 2001 and the 2008 Pritzker Prize.

Robert Novak (26 Feb 1931, Joliet IL), American newspaper and TV journalist.

Jim Nussle (James Allen Nussle; 27 Jun 1960, Des Moines IA), American politician (Republican); director of the Office of Management and Budget from 2007.

Michael A(nthony) Nutter (29 Jun 1957, Philadelphia PA), American politician (Democrat); mayor of Philadelphia from 2008.

Conan O’Brien (18 Apr 1963, Brookline MA), American TV talk-show host.

Mark O’Connor (5 Aug 1961, Seattle WA), American country fiddle player.

Sandra Day O’Connor (26 Mar 1930, El Paso TX), American jurist; associate justice of the US Supreme Court, 1981-2005, the first woman appointed to the court.

Martin (Joseph) O’Malley (18 Jan 1963, Washington DC), American politician (Democrat); mayor of Baltimore, 1999-2007, and governor of Maryland from 2007.

Sean Patrick O’Malley (29 Jun 1944, Lakewood OH), American Roman Catholic churchman; archbishop of Boston from 2003; cardinal from 2006.

Shaquille (Rashaun) O’Neal (6 Mar 1972, Newark NJ), American basketball center. American TVjournalist and talk-show host.  Irish-born American corporate executive; chairman and CEO of ChevronTexaco Corp. from 2000.

Peter (Seamus) O’Toole (2 Aug 1932, Connemara, County Galway, Ireland), British stage and film actor.

Joyce Carol Oates (16 Jun 1938, Lockport NY), American novelist, short-story writer, and essayist.

Thoraya Obaid (2 Mar 1945, Baghdad, Iraq), Iraqi-born Saudi Arabian civil servant; executive director of the UN Population Fund from 2001.

Barack (Hussein) Obama, Jr. (4 Aug 1961, Honolulu HI), American politician (Democrat); senator from Illinois from 2005; candidate for president in 2008.

Lorena Ochoa (15 Nov 1981, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico), Mexican golfer.

Piermaria J. Oddone (26 Mar 1944, Arequipa, Peru), Peruvian-born American experimental particle physicist and administrator; director of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory from 2005.

Raila (Amollo) Odinga (7 Jan 1945, Maseno, Nyanza province, British Kenya), Kenyan politician (Liberal Democratic); prime minister from 2008.

Nelson O. Oduber (7 Feb 1947), Aruban prime minister, 1989-94 and again from 2001.

Kenzaburo Oe (31 Jan 1935, Ose, Ehime prefecture, Japan), Japanese novelist; recipient of the 1994 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Sadaharu Oh (20 May 1940, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese baseball player.

Paul Okalik (26 May 1964, Pangnirtung, NT [now in NU], Canada), Canadian politican; premier of Nunavutfrom 1999.

Keith Olbermann (27 Jan 1959, New York NY), American TV sportscaster and commentator.

Claes (Thure) Oldenburg (28 Jan 1929, Stockholm, Sweden), Swedish-born Pop-art sculptor.

Sharon Olds (19 Nov 1942, San Francisco CA), American poet.

Jamie Oliver (27 May 1975, Essex, England), British chef and TV personality.

Ehud Olmert (30 Sep 1945, Binyamina, Palestine [now in Israel]), Israeli politician (Kadima); prime minister, 2006-08.

Ashley (Fuller) Olsen (13 Jun 1986, Sherman Oaks CA), American former child star and a marketing phenomenon in modeling, films, TV, and music videos.

Mary-Kate Olsen (13 Jun 1986, Sherman Oaks CA), American former child star and a marketing phenomenon in modeling, films, TV, and music videos.

(Philip) Michael Ondaatje (12 Sep 1943, Colombo, British Ceylon [now Sri Lanka]), Canadian novelist and poet.

Makoto Ooka (16 Feb 1931, Mishima, Shizuoka prefecture, Japan), Japanese poet and literary critic.

Suze Orman (5 Jun 1951, Chicago IL), American financial adviser and best-selling author.

Amancio Ortega Gaona (28 Mar 1936, Leon, Spain), Spanish textile magnate; founder (1985) and chairman of Inditex Group and of its subsidiary Zara Es-pana S.A., a retail and distribution company.

(Jose) Daniel Ortega (Saavedra) (11 Nov 1945, La Lib-ertad, Nicaragua), Nicaraguan guerrilla leader and politician; president, 1984-90 and again from 2007.

Joel Osteen (5 Mar 1963, Houston TX), American evangelist; head of the Lakewood Church in Houston.

Butch Otter (Clement Leroy Otter; 3 May 1942, Cald-well ID), American politician (Republican); governor of Idaho from 2007.

Michael Ovitz (14 Dec 1946, Encino CA), American entertainment executive; cofounder (1975) of the Creative Artists Agency.

Clive Owen (3 Oct 1964, Keresley, Coventry, Warwickshire, England), British actor.

Amos Oz (4 May 1939, Jerusalem, British Palestine), Israeli novelist, short-story writer, and essayist.

Mehmet Oz (11 Jun 1960, Cleveland OH), American cardiac surgeon, professor, TV medical expert, and author.

Cynthia Ozick (17 Apr 1928, New York NY), American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright.

Makoto Ozone (25 Mar 1961, Kobe, Japan), Japanese jazz pianist.

Rajendra K. Pachauri (20 Aug 1940, Nainital, Uttar Pradesh [now in Uttarakhand state], British India), Indian businessman; head of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change from 2002.

Alfredo James) Pacino (25 Apr 1940, New York NY), American film actor.

Larry Page (Lawrence Edward Page; 1972, East Lansing MI), American computer scientist and Internet entrepreneur who cofounded (1998) the Google Internet search engine.

Ellen (Philpotts-) Page (21 Feb 1987, Halifax, NS, Canada), Canadian TV and film actress.

Brad Paisley (28 Oct 1972, Glen Dale WV), American contemporary country-and-western singer.

Ian (Richard Kyle) Paisley (6 Apr 1926, Armagh, County Armagh, Northern Ireland), Northern Irish Protestant leader and politician; first minister for Northern Ireland, 2007-08.

Sarah Palin (Sarah Heath; 11 Feb 1964, Sandpoint ID), American politician (Republican); governor of Alaska from 2006 and the Republican nominee for vice president in 2008.

Eddie Palmieri (15 Dec 1936, New York NY), American jazz-salsa pianist.

Samuel J. Palmisano (29 Jul 1951), American corporate executive; president and CEO of the International Business Machines (IBM) Corp. from 2002.

Gwyneth Paltrow (28 Sep 1972, Los Angeles CA), American film and stage actress.

Orhan Pamuk (7 Jun 1952, Istanbul, Turkey), Turkish novelist; recipient of the 2006 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Paola (Paola dei Principi Ruffo di Calabria; 11 Sep 1937, Forte dei Marmi, Italy), Italian-born Belgian royal; queen consort of King Albert II (married 2 Jul 1959).

Karolos Papoulias (4 Jun 1929, Ioannina, Greece), Greek politician; president from 2005.

Anna (Helene) Paquin (24 Jul 1982, Winnipeg, MB, Canada), New Zealand film actress.

Sara Paretsky (8 Jun 1947, Ames IA), American mystery writer.

Nick Park (Nicholas Wulstan Park; 6 Dec 1958, Preston, Lancashire, England), British film animator.

Alan (William) Parker (14 Feb 1944, Islington, London, England), British advertising copywriter and film director.

Mary-Louise Parker (2 Aug 1964, Fort Jackson SC), American actress on stage, in film, and on TV.

Sarah Jessica Parker (25 Mar 1965, Nelsonville OH), American TV and film actress.

Suzan-Lori Parks (10 May 1963, Fort Knox KY), American playwright.

Anja Parson (25 Apr 1981, Umea, Sweden), Swedish downhill skier.

Richard D(ean) Parsons (4 Apr 1949, Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn NY), American corporate executive; CEO of AOL Time Warner from 2002 and chairman from 2003.

Arvo Part (11 Sep 1935, Paide, Estonia), Estonian composer.

Dolly (Rebecca) Parton (19 Jan 1946, Locust Ridge TN), American country-and-western singer, songwriter, and actress; recipient of a 2006 Kennedy Center Honor.

Amy Pascal (1959, Los Angeles CA), American film executive; president of Turner Pictures from 1994 and, from Turner’s merger in 1996 with Time Warner, president of Sony Corp.’s Columbia Pictures.

Ann Patchett (2 Dec 1963, Los Angeles CA), American novelist.

David A. Paterson (20 May 1954, Brooklyn NY), American politician (Democrat); governor of New York from 2008.

Pratibha Patil (19 Dec 1934, Jalgaon, British India), Indian politician; the country’s first female president, from 2007.

Danica (Sue) Patrick (25 Mar 1982, Beloit WI), American race-car driver.

Deval (Laurdine) Patrick (31 Jul 1956, Chicago IL), American politician (Democrat); governor of Massachusetts from 2007.

Ron Paul (Ronald Ernest Paul; 20 Aug 1935, Pittsburgh PA), American physician and libertarian politician; congressman from Texas from 1997.

Henry M(erritt) Paulson, Jr. (28 Mar 1946, Palm Beach FL), American corporate executive and government official; CEO of Goldman Sachs Group, 1999-2006, and US secretary of the treasury from 2006.

Tim(othy James) Pawlenty (21 Nov 1960, St. Paul MN), American politician (Republican); governor of Minnesota from 2003.

James (Benjamin) Peake (18 Jun 1944, St. Louis MO), American army medical officer; secretary of veterans affairs from 2007.

P(hilip) James E(dward) Peebles (25 Apr 1935, Winnipeg, MB, Canada), Canadian-born cosmologist; recipient of the 1995 Bruce Gold Medal and core-cipient of a 2005 Crafoord Prize.

Amanda Peet (11 Jan 1972, New York NY), American film and TV actress.

Harvey Pekar (1939, Cleveland OH), American file clerk and alternative comic-book artist.

Pele (Edson Arantes do Nascimento; 23 Oct 1940, Tres Coragoes, Minas Gerais state, Brazil), Brazilian association football (soccer) legend.

Cesar Pelli (12 Oct 1926, Tucuman, Argentina), Argentine architect.

Nancy Pelosi (Nancy D’Alesandro; 26 Mar 1940, Baltimore MD), American politician (Democrat); con-gresswoman from California from 1987, House Democratic leader, 2003-07, and speaker of the House from 2007.

Leonard Peltier (12 Sep 1944, Grand Forks ND), American Ojibwa and Lakota activist.

Sean (Justin) Penn (17 Aug 1960, Santa Monica CA), American film actor and director.

Murray Perahia (19 Apr 1947, New York NY), American concert pianist.

Sonny Perdue (George Ervin Perdue III; 20 Dec 1946, Perry GA), American agrobusinessman and politician (Republican); governor of Georgia from 2003.

Shimon Peres (Shimon Perski; 2 Aug 1923, Wolozyn, Poland [now Valozhyn, Belarus]), Israeli statesman, prime minister, 1984-86 and 1995-96, and president from 2007; he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 for his efforts to work with the PLO.

Dana (Marie) Perino (9 May 1972, Evanston WY), American journalist and media official; White House press secretary from 2007.

Kieran Perkins (14 Aug 1973, Brisbane, QLD, Australia), Australian swimmer who held 12 world records in distance freestyle events.

Tom Perrotta (13 Aug 1961, Garwood NJ), American novelist.

Grayson Perry (24 Mar 1960, Chelmsford, Essex, England), British artist; recipient of the 2003 Turner Prize.

Rick Perry (James Richard Perry; 4 Mar 1950 West Texas), American politician (Republican); governor of Texas from 2000.

Bernadette Peters (Bernadette Lazzaro; 28 Feb 1948, Queens NY), American singer and actress.

Mary E. Peters (4 Dec 1948, Phoenix AZ), American transportation official; secretary of transportation from 2006.

David (Howell) Petraeus (7 Nov 1952, Cornwall-on-Hudson NY), American military leader; commander of Multinational Force Iraq (MNF-I), 2007-08, and of US Central Command from 2008.

Tom Petty (20 Oct 1953, Gainesville FL), American rock singer and songwriter.

Madeleine Peyroux(1973, Athens GA), Americanjazz singer.

Michelle Pfeiffer (29 Apr 1958, Santa Ana CA), American film actress.

Michael Phelps (30 Jun 1985, Baltimore MD), American swimmer.

Regis (Francis Xavier) Philbin (25 Aug 1934, New York NY), American TV personality.

Philip (Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark; 10 Jun 1921, Corfu, Greece), British duke of Edinburgh; prince consort of Queen Elizabeth II (married 20 November 1947).

Philippe (Philippe Leopold Louis Marie; 15 Apr 1960, Brussels, Belgium), Belgian royal; duke of Brabant and crown prince of Belgium.

(Matthew) Ryan Phillippe (10 Sep 1974, New Castle DE), American TV and film actor.

Stone Phillips (2 Dec 1954, Texas City TX), American TV host and anchorman.

Joaquin Phoenix (Joaquin Raphael Bottom; 28 Oct 1974, San Juan, Puerto Rico), American film actor.

Renzo Piano (14 Sep 1937, Genoa, Italy), Italian architect; winner of the 1998 Pritzker Prize and the 2002 UIA Gold Medal for Architecture.

T(homas) Boone Pickens (22 May 1928, Holdenville OK), American billionaire oilman; advocate of aggressive investment in alternative energy.

David Hyde Pierce (3 Apr 1959, Saratoga Springs NY), American comic actor.

Heinrich von Pierer (26 Jan 1941, Erlangen, Germany), German corporate executive; CEO of Siemens AG, 1992-05, and chairman, 2005-07.

DBC Pierre (Peter Warren Finlay; June 1961, Reynella, SA, Australia), Australian-born British novelist; winner of the 2003 Man Booker Prize.

Franpois Pinault (21 Aug 1936, Les Champs-Geraux, Brittany, France), French corporate executive (Pin-ault-Printemps-Redoute) and art collector.

Laffit Pincay, Jr. (29 Dec 1946, Panama City, Panama), Panamanian-born American jockey.

Jean Ping (24 Nov 1942, Omboue, French Gabon), Gabonese statesman; UN General Assembly president, 2004, and chairman of the Commission of the African Union from 2008.

Pink (Alecia Beth Moore; 8 Sep 1979, Doylestown PA), American pop singer.

Jada Pinkett Smith (Jada Koren Pinkett; 18 Sep 1971, Baltimore MD), American actress, video director, and clothing designer.

Robert Pinsky (20 Oct 1940, Long Branch NJ), American poet and critic; poet laureate of the US, 1997-2000.

Harold Pinter (10 Oct 1930, London, England), English playwright and director; recipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Pedro (Verona Rodrigues) Pires (April 1934, Ilha do Fogo, Cape Verde), Cape Verdean politician; president from 2001.

Surin Pitsuwan (28 Oct 1949, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand), Thai intellectual and government official; secretary-general of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations from 2008.

(William) Brad(ley) Pitt (18 Dec 1963, Shawnee OK), American film actor.

Kira (Sergeyevna) Plastinina (1 Jun 1992, Moscow, Russia), Russian teenage fashion designer.

Yevgeny (Viktorovich) Plushchenko (also spelled Evgeni Plushenko; 3 Nov 1982, Solnechny, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian figure skater.

Amy Poehler (16 Sep 1971, Burlington MA), American actress and comedian on TV and in films.

Hifikepunye (Lucas) Pohamba (18 Aug 1935, Okanghudi, South West Africa [now Namibia]), Namibian independence leader and politician; president from 2005.

Sidney Poitier (20 Feb 1927?, Miami FL), Bahamian American stage and film actor and director.

Roman Polanski (Raimund Liebling; 18 Aug 1933, Paris, France), Polish film director, scriptwriter, and actor.

Judit Polgar (23 Jul 1976, Budapest, Hungary), Hungarian chess grand master.

Sigmar Polke (13 Feb 1941, Oels, Germany [now Olesnica, Poland]), German Pop-art painter of Capitalist Realism.

Calin (Constantin Anton) Popescu Tariceanu (14 Jan 1952, Bucharest, Romania), Romanian industrial engineer and politician (National Liberal Party); prime minister from 2004.

Gregg Popovich (28 Jan 1949, East Chicago IN), American professional basketball coach.

Natalie Portman (Natalie Hershlag; 9 Jun 1981, Jerusalem, Israel), Israeli-born American film actress.

Rob(ert Jones) Portman (19 Dec 1955, Cincinnati OH), American politician (Republican); director of the Office of Management and Budget, 2006-07.

Zac(hary E.) Posen (24 Oct 1980, Brooklyn NY), American fashion designer.

John E. Potter (1956, Bronx NY), American corporate executive; CEO and postmaster general of the US Postal Service from 2001.

Earl A. (“Rusty”) Powell III (24 Oct 1943, Spartanburg SC), American museum official; director of the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC from 1992.

Samantha Power (1970, Ireland), Irish-born American writer and political adviser.

Velupillai Prabhakaran (26 Nov 1954, Jaffna, Sri Lanka), Sri Lankan secessionist, the founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (Tamil Tigers) from the early 1970s.

Miuccia Prada (1949, Milan, Italy), Italian fashion designer.

Azim Hasham Premji (24 Jul 1945, Bombay [now Mumbai], British India), Indian corporate executive; chairman of the Wipro Corp. of Bangalore from 1977.

Steve(n Clyde) Preston (1961?, Janesville WI?), American government official; US secretary of housing and urban development from 2008.

Rene (Garcia) Preval (17 Jan 1943, Port-au-Prince, Haiti), Haitian politician; president from 2006.

Andre (George) Previn (6 Apr 1929, Berlin, Germany), German-born American pianist, composer, and conductor.

Richard Price (12 Oct 1949, Bronx NY), American novelist and screenwriter.

Prince (Prince Rogers Nelson; 7 Jun 1958, Minneapolis MN), American singer and songwriter.

Birgit Prinz (25 Oct 1977, Frankfurt am Main, West Germany [now in Germany]), German association football (soccer) player.

Romano Prodi (9 Aug 1939, Scandiano, Italy), Italian politician and prime minister, 1996-98 and 2006-08.

E(dna) Annie Proulx (22 Aug 1935, Norwich CT), American writer.

Georgi Purvanov (28 Jun 1957, Kovachevtsi, Bulgaria), Bulgarian politician; president from 2002.

Vladimir (Vladimirovich) Putin (7 Oct 1952, Leningrad, USSR [now St. Petersburg, Russia]), Russian intelligence officer; prime minister of Russia, 1999-2000, president, 1999-2008, and prime minister again from 2008.

(Sayyid) Qabus ibn Sa’id (18 Nov 1940, Salalah, Oman), Omani head of state; sultan of Oman from 1970 and prime minister from 1972.

Muammar al-Qaddafi (also spelled Muammar Khadafy, Moammar Gadhafi, or Mu’ammar al-Qad-hdhafi; spring 1942, near Surt, Libya), Libyan military leader and Arab statesman; de facto chief of state from 1969.

Dennis Quaid (9 Apr 1954, Houston TX), American film actor.

Thomas Quasthoff (9 Nov 1959, Hildesheim, West Germany [now in Germany]), German bass-baritone.

Queen Latifah (Dana Elaine Owens; 18 Mar 1970, Newark NJ), American rap musician, film actress, and TV personality.

Anna (Marie) Quindlen (8 Jul 1953, Philadelphia PA), American political commentator and author.

Daniel Radcliffe (23 July 1989, Fulham, London, England), British film actor.

Paula Radcliffe (17 Dec 1973, Northwich, Cheshire, England), British marathon runner.

Aishwarya Rai (1 Nov 1973, Mangalore, Karnataka state, India), Indian beauty queen and film actress.

Sam(uel M.) Raimi (23 Oct 1959, Franklin MI), American cult filmmaker.

Rain (Jeong Ji-hoon; 25 Jun 1982, Seoul, South Korea), Korean pop singer and actor.

Bonnie Raitt (8 Nov 1949, Burbank CA), American blues and R&B singer and bottleneck guitarist.

Mahinda Rajapakse (18 Nov 1945, British Ceylon [now Sri Lanka]), Sri Lankan politician; prime minister, 2004-05, and president from 2005.

Imomali Rakhmonov (5 Oct 1952, Dangara, Tadzhik SSR, USSR [now Tajikistan]), Tajik politician; president from 1992.

Samuel Ramey (28 Mar 1942, Colby KS), American operatic bass.

Jose Ramos-Horta (26 Dec 1949, Dili, Portuguese Timor [now East Timor]), Timorese nationalist leader; prime minister, 2006-07, and president from 2007; corecipient of the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize.

Gordon (James) Ramsay (8 Nov 1966, Glasgow, Scotland), British chef and TV personality; proprietor of the London restaurants Aubergine (1993-98) and Gordon Ramsay Restaurant (from 1998).

Rania al-Abdullah (Rania al-Yaseen; 31 Aug 1970, Kuwait), Kuwaiti-born Jordanian royal; queen consort of King Abdullah II (married 10 Jun 1993).

Ian Rankin (28 Apr 1960, Cardenden, Fife, Scotland), British crime novelist.

Phylicia Rashad (Phylicia Ayers-Allen; 19 Jun 1948, Houston TX), American TV and stage actress.

Anders Fogh Rasmussen (26 Jan 1953, Ginnerup, Denmark), Danish politician; prime minister from 2001.

Aleksei (Osipovich) Ratmansky (27 Aug 1968, Leningrad, USSR [now St. Petersburg, Russia]), Russian dancer, choreographer, and director.

Simon (Denis) Rattle (19 Jan 1955, Liverpool, England), British orchestra conductor; principal conductor and artistic director of the Berlin Philharmonic from the 2002-03 season.

Marc Ravalomanana (1949, near Atananarivo, French Madagascar), Malagasy politician; president of Madagascar from 2002.

Rachael (Domenica) Ray (25 Aug 1968, Cape Cod MA), American TV cook and cookbook author.

(Charles) Robert Redford, Jr. (18 Aug 1937, Santa Monica CA), American film actor and director.

Lynn Redgrave (8 Mar 1943, London, England), British stage, screen, and TV actress.

Vanessa Redgrave (30 Jan 1937, London, England), British stage and screen actress and political activist.

Joshua Redman (1 Feb 1969, Berkeley CA), American jazz saxophone player.

Sumner Redstone (Sumner Murray Rothstein; 27 May 1923, Boston MA), American media executive.

David Rees (1973?), American comic artist.

Martin J(ohn) Rees (23 Jun 1942, Shropshire, England), British astronomer royal; recipient of the Crafoord Prize in 2005.

Keanu (Charles) Reeves (2 Sep 1964, Beirut, Lebanon), American actor.

Kathy Reichs (Kathleen Joan Toelle; 1950, Chicago IL), American anthropologist-turned-novelist.

Harry Reid (2 Dec 1939, Searchlight NV), American politician (Democrat); senator from Nevada from 1987, Senate whip, 1998-2005, and Senate leader from 2005.

John C(hristopher)  (24 May 1965, Chicago IL), American stage and film actor.

Rob Reiner (6 Mar 1947, Bronx NY), American actor, director, writer, and producer.

(John) Fredrik Reinfeldt (4 Aug 1965, Osterhaninge, Sweden), Swedish politician (Moderate Party); prime minister from 2006.

Jason Reitman (19 Oct 1977, Montreal, QC, Canada), Canadian actor, director, and writer.

M(argaret) Jodi Rell (Mary Carolyn Reavis; 16 Jun 1946, Norfolk VA), American politician (Republican); governor of Connecticut from 2004.

Thomas Esang Remengesau, Jr. (1956), Palauan politician; president from 2001.

Edward (Gene) Rendell (5 Jan 1944, New York NY), American politician (Democrat); mayor of Philadelphia, 1992-2000, and governor of Pennsylvania from 2003.

Ruth Rendell (Baroness Rendell of Babergh; pseudonym Barbara Vine; 17 Feb 1930, London, England), British mystery novelist.

Yasmina Reza (1 May 1959, Paris, France), French playwright.

Christina Ricci (12 Feb 1980, Santa Monica CA), American film actress.

Anne Rice (Howard Allen O’Brien; pseudonyms A.N. Roquelaure and Anne Rampling; 4 Oct 1941, New Orleans LA), American Gothic novelist.

Condoleezza Rice (14 Nov 1954, Birmingham AL), American academic and government official; national security advisor, 2001-05, and US secretary of state from 2005.

Adrienne (Cecile) Rich (16 May 1929, Baltimore MD), American poet.

Denise (Lee) Richards (17 Feb 1971, Downers Grove IL), American model and TV and film actress.

Keith Richards (18 Dec 1943, Dartford, Kent, England), British rock guitarist and singer (for the Rolling Stones).

(George) Maxwell Richards (1931, San Fernando, Trinidad), Trinidadian chemical engineer and university professor; president of Trinidad and Tobago from 2003.

Bill Richardson (William Blaine Richardson; 15 Nov 1947, Pasadena CA), American politician (Democrat); governor of New Mexico from 2003.

Nicole Richie (15 Sep 1981, Berkeley CA), American celebrity entertainer.

Gerhard Richter (9 Feb 1932, Dresden, Germany), German Capitalist Realist artist.

Kai-Uwe Ricke (29 Oct 1961, Krefeld, West Germany [now in Germany]), German corporate executive and CEO of Deutsche Telekom from 2002.

Sally K(risten) Ride (26 May 1951, Encino CA), American astronaut and astrophysicist.

Rihanna (Robyn Rihanna Fenty; 20 Feb 1988, Saint Michael parish, Barbados), West Indian pop singer.

Robert R.(3 Oct 1944, Ashland AL), American politician (Republican); governor of Alabama from 2003.

LeAnn Rimes (28 Aug 1982, Jackson MS), American country-and-western singer.

Kelly Ripa (2 Oct 1970, Stratford NJ), American talk-show host and actress.

Bill Ritter (August William Ritter, Jr.; 6 Sep 1956, Denver CO), American politician (Democrat); governor of Colorado from 2007.

Rivaldo (Vitor Borba Ferreira; 19 Apr 1972, Recife, Brazil), Brazilian association football (soccer) player.

Geraldo (Miguel) Rivera (4 Jul 1943, Brooklyn NY), American TV journalist and talk-show host.

Tim Robbins (16 Oct 1958, West Covina CA), American actor.

Cecil E(dward) Roberts, Jr. (31 Oct 1946, Kayford WV), American labor leader; president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1995.

John G(lover) Roberts (27 Jan 1955, Buffalo NY), American jurist; chief justice of the US from 2005.

Julia Roberts (Julie Fiona Roberts; 28 Oct 1967, Smyrna GA), American film actress.

Nora Roberts (Eleanor Marie Robertson; 10 Oct 1950, Silver Spring MD), American novelist.

Peter (David) Robinson (29 Dec 1948, Belfast, Northern Ireland), Northern Irish Protestant loyalist politician; first minister of Northern Ireland from 2008.

Smokey Robinson (William Robinson, Jr.; 19 Feb 1940, Detroit MI), American R&B singer and songwriter; recipient of a 2006 Kennedy Center Honor.

Chris Rock (7 Feb 1966, Georgetown SC), American stand-up comedian and actor.

Kid Rock (Robert James Ritchie; 17 Jan 1971, Romeo MI), American rap-rock artist.

Andy Roddick (30 Aug 1982, Omaha NE), American tennis player.

Alex Rodriguez (27 Jul 1975, New York NY), American baseball shortstop and third baseman.

Narciso Rodriguez (January 1961, New Jersey), American fashion designer.

Robert (Anthony) Rodriguez (20 Jun 1968, San Antonio TX), Mexican American filmmaker.

Seth Rogen (15 Apr 1982, Vancouver, BC, Canada), Canadian film actor.

James E. Rogers (20 Sep 1947, Birmingham AL), American corporate executive; president and CEO (from 2006) and chairman of the board (from 2007) of Duke Energy.

Richard (George) Rogers (23 Jul 1933, Florence, Italy), British architect; recipient of a Praemium Im-periale in 2000 and the Pritzker Prize in 2007.

Jacques Rogge (2 May 1942, Ghent, Belgium), Belgian Olympic yachtsman, surgeon, and sports executive; president of the International Olympic Committee from 2001.

Roh Moo Hyun (6 Aug 1946, Kimbae, near Pusan, US-occupied Korea [now in South Korea]), Korean politician; president of South Korea, 2003-08.

Floyd Roland (23 Nov 1961, Inuvik, NT, Canada), Canadian politician; premier of the Northwest Territories from 2007.

Sonny Rollins (Theodore Walter Rollins; 7 Sep 1930, Harlem, New York NY), American jazz saxophonist.

Ray Romano (21 Dec 1957, Queens NY), American comic actor.

(Willard) Mitt Romney (12 Mar 1947, Bloomfield MI), American businessman, sports executive, and politician (Republican); governor of Massachusetts, 2003-07.

Tony Romo (21 Apr 1980, San Diego CA), American pro football quarterback.

Ronaldo (Ronaldo Luiz Nazario de Lima; 22 Sep 1976, Itaguai, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil), Brazilian association football (soccer) player.

Charlie Rose (5 Jan 1942, Henderson NC), American TV journalist and interviewer.

Diana Ross (Diane Earle; 26 Mar 1944, Detroit MI), American R&B singer and actress; recipient of a 2007 Kennedy Center Honor.

Wilbur Ross (28 Nov 1937, North Bergen NJ), American financier and turnaround specialist; chairman of International Steel Group, Inc.

Philip (Milton) Roth (19 Mar 1933, Newark NJ), American novelist and short-story writer.

Mike Rounds (Marion Michael Rounds; 24 Oct 1954, Huron SD), American politician (Republican); governor of South Dakota from 2003.

Karl Rove (25 Dec 1950, Denver CO), American right-wing political operative and commentator; former chief strategist for Pres. George W. Bush.

J(oanne) K(athleen) Rowling (31 Jul 1965, Chipping Sodbury, near Bristol, Gloucestershire, England), British author, creator of the Harry Potter series.

Rick Rubin (Frederick Jay Rubin; 10 Mar 1963, Lido Beach NY), American record producer.

Kevin (Michael) Rudd (21 Sep 1957, Nambour, QLD, Australia), Australian politician (Labor); prime minister from 2007.

Erkki Ruoslahti (16 Feb 1940, Helsinki, Finland), Finnish-born American cell biologist and distinguished professor at the Burnham Institute, La Jolla CA; corecipient of the 2005 Japan Prize in Cell Biology.

Ed(ward Joseph) Ruscha (16 Dec 1937, Omaha NE), American Pop Art artist.

Geoffrey Rush (6 Jul 1951, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia), Australian film actor.

(Ahmed) Salman Rushdie (19 Jun 1947, Bombay [now Mumbai], British India), Anglo-Indian novelist.

Patricia F(iorello) Russo (12 Jun 1952, Trenton NJ), American business executive; CEO of Alcatel-Lucent from 2002.

Richard Russo (15 Jul 1949, Johnstown NY), American author; winner of the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for fiction.

Burt Rutan (Elbert L. Rutan; 17 Jun 1943, Portland OR), American test pilot, aerospace engineer, and designer of specialized aircraft.

John A. Ruthven (1927, Cincinnati OH), American wildlife artist.

John Rutter (24 Sep 1945, London, England), British composer and conductor; founder (1981) and leader of the Cambridge Singers.

Kay Ryan (11 Sep 1945, San Jose CA), American poet; recipient of the 2004 Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize and US poet laureate from 2008.

Meg Ryan (Margaret Mary Emily Anne Hyra; 19 Nov 1961, Fairfield CT), American film actress.

Winona Ryder (Winona Laura Horowitz; 29 Oct 1971, Winona MN), American film actress.

Mikhail Saakashvili (21 Dec 1967, Tbilisi, USSR [now in Georgia]), Georgian politician; president from 2004.

Charles Saatchi (9 Jun 1943, Baghdad, Iraq), Iraqi-born British advertising executive and art patron.

Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (1929?, Kuwait city, Kuwait), Kuwaiti sheikh; emir from 2006.

Antonio (Ellas) Saca (Gonzalez) (9 Mar 1965, Usu-lutan, El Salvador), Salvadoran politician (Nationalist Republican Alliance); president from 2004.

Jeffrey D(avid) Sachs (5 Nov 1954, Detroit MI), American economist.

Oliver (Wolf) Sacks (9 Jul 1933, London, England), British-born American neurologist and author of books on medical topics.

Muqtada al-Sadr (1974, Al-Najaf, Iraq), Iraqi Shi’ite Muslim cleric, a charismatic figure in the anti-American and anti-Western insurrection in Iraq following the US-led occupation of March 2003.

Sebastiao (Ribeiro) Salgado (8 Feb 1944, Aimores, Minas Gerais state, Brazil), Brazilian photographer.

‘Ali ‘Abdallah Salih (21 Mar 1942, Beit al-Ahmar, Yemen), Yemeni politician; president of Yemen (San’a), 1978-90, and of the unified Yemen thereafter.

Alex(ander Elliot Anderson) Salmond (31 Dec 1954, Linlithgow, Scotland), Scottish politician (Scottish National Party); first minister of Scotland from 2007.

Esa-Pekka Salonen (30 Jun 1958, Helsinki, Finland), Finnish conductor and musical director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic from 1992.

Ahmed Abdallah Sambi (5 Jun 1958, Mutsamudu, Anjouan, French Comoro Islands), Comoran Muslim religious leader; president from 2006.

Ivo Sanader (8 Jun 1953, Split, Yugoslavia [now in Croatia]), Croatian scholar and politician; prime minister from 2003.

Adam Sandler (9 Sep 1966, Brooklyn NY), American comic actor.

Mark Sanford (Marshall Clement Sanford, Jr.; 15 Jan 1960, Fort Lauderdale FL), American politician (Republican); governor of South Carolina from 2003.

(Devadip) Carlos Santana (20 Jul 1947, Autlan de Navarro, Mexico), Mexican-born American guitarist and bandleader.

Johan (Alexander) Santana (Araque) (13 Mar 1979, Tovar, Venezuela), Venezuelan pro baseball left-handed starting pitcher.

Albert Pintat Santolaria (23 Jun 1943, Sant Julia de Loria, Andorra), Andorran chief executive from 2005.

Alejandro Sanz (Alejandro Sanchez Pizarro; 18 Dec 1968, Madrid, Spain), Spanish singer-songwriter and flamenco-pop artist.

Cristina Saralegui (29 Jan 1948, Havana, Cuba), Cuban-born American Spanish-language TV talk-show host.

Jose Saramago (16 Nov 1922, Azinhaga, Portugal), Portuguese novelist and man of letters; recipient of the 1998 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Susan Sarandon (Susan Abigail Tomalin; 4 Oct 1946, New York NY), American film actress.

Serzh (Azati) Sarkisyan (30 Jun 1954, Stepanakert, Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous oblast, USSR [now in Azerbaijan]), Armenian politician; prime minister, 2007-08, and president from April 2008.

Tigran Sarkisyan (29 Jan 1960, Kirovakan, USSR [now Vanadzor, Armenia]), Armenian economist and politician; prime minister from 2008.

Nicolas Sarkozy (Nicolas Paul-Stephane Sarkozy de Nagy-Bocsa; 28 Jan 1955, Paris, France), French conservative politician; interior minister, 2005-07, and president from 2007.

Mikio Sasaki (1937?), Japanese corporate executive; president and CEO of Mitsubishi Motors Corp., 1998-2004.

Denis Sassou-Nguesso (1943, Edou, French Equatorial Africa [now in the Republic of the Congo]), Congolese politician; president of the Republic of Congo, 1979-92 and again from 1997.

Marjane Satrapi (22 Nov 1969, Rasht, Iran), Iranian-born French graphic novelist; author of the Perse-polis books, her memoirs of Iran during the last decades of the 20th century.

al-Walid ibn Talal ibn Abdulaziz al-Saud (1954, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia), Saudi prince and billionaire businessman.

Diane K. Sawyer (Lila Sawyer; 22 Dec 1945, Glasgow KY), American TVjournalist.

Antonin Scalia (11 Mar 1936, Trenton NJ), American jurist; associate justice of the US Supreme Court from 1986.

Marjorie Scardino (Marjorie Morris; 25 Jan 1947, Flagstaff AZ), American-born British media executive; CEO of Pearson PLC from 1997.

Edward T(homas) Schafer (8 Aug 1946, Bismarck ND), American businessman and politician (Republican); US secretary of agriculture from 2008.

Eric E. Schmidt (1955?), American computer scientist and corporate executive; CTO of Sun Microsystems, Inc., 1983-97, chairman and CEO of Novell, Inc., 1997-2001, and chairman and CEO of Google, Inc., from 2001.

Julian Schnabel (26 Oct 1951, Brooklyn NY), American Neo-Expressionist artist and film director.

Peter J. Schoomaker (12 Feb 1946, Detroit MI), American military officer; chief of staff of the US Army, 2003-07.

Daniel Schorr (31 Aug 1916, New York NY), American TV and radio journalist and political commentator.

Richard RoyceSchrock(4 Jan 1945, Berne IN), American chemist; corecipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis.

Dieter Schulte (13 Jan 1940, Duisberg, Germany), German labor leader and head of the German Trade Union Federation from 1994.

Howard Schultz (19 Jul 1953, Brooklyn NY), American businessman; CEO of Starbucks Corp. from 1987, and principal owner of the Seattle Super-Sonics professional basketball team, 2001-06.

Philip Schultz (1945, Rochester NY), American poet whose Failure won a 2008 Pulitzer Prize in poetry.

Michael Schumacher (3 Jan 1969, Hurth-Hermul-heim, West Germany [now in Germany]), German Formula 1 race-car driver.

Wolfgang Schussel (7 Jun 1945, Vienna, Austria), Austrian politician; chancellor, 2000-07.

Susan (Carol) Schwab (23 Mar 1955, Washington DC), American trade official; US trade representative from 2006.

Arnold (Alois) Schwarzenegger (30 Jul 1947, Thal bei Graz, Austria), Austrian-born American bodybuilder, film actor, and politician (Republican); governor of California from 2003.

Brian (David) Schweitzer (4 Sep 1955, Havre MT), American politician (Democrat); governor of Montana from 2005.

David Schwimmer (2 Nov 1966, Astoria, Queens NY), American TV and film actor.

Jon Scieszka (8 Sep 1954, Flint MI), American author of books for children.

John Scofield (26 Dec 1951, Dayton OH), American jazz electric guitarist, composer, and bandleader.

Martin Scorsese (17 Nov 1942, Flushing, Long Island NY), American film director, writer, and producer; recipient of an Academy Award as best director for 2006 and a 2007 Kennedy Center Honor.

H. Lee Scott, Jr. (1949?, Joplin MO), American corporate executive; president and CEO of Wal-Mart Stores from 2000.

Ridley Scott (30 Nov 1937, South Shields, Durham, England), British film director and producer.

Kristin Scott Thomas (24 May 1960, Redruth, Cornwall, England), British actress.

Vincent J(ames) Scully, Jr. (1930, New Haven CT), American architectural historian and critic.

Ryan (John) Seacrest (24 Dec 1974, Atlanta GA), American TV program host (American Idol).

Seal (Sealhenry Olusegun Olumide Samuel; 19 Feb 1963, Kilburn, London, England), British soul singer.

Sean Paul (Sean Paul Ryan Francis Henriques; 8 Jan 1973, St. Andrew, Jamaica), Jamaican reggae and rap musician.

Kathleen Sebelius (Kathleen Gilligan; 15 May 1948, Cincinnati OH), American politician (Democrat); governor of Kansas from 2003.

Alice Sebold (1963, Madison WI), American novelist.

Amy Sedaris (29 Mar 1961, Endicott NY), American comic actress and writer.

David Sedaris (26 Dec 1956, Johnson City NY), American writer and humorist.

Kyra (Minturn) Sedgwick (19 Aug 1965, New York NY), American film and TV actress.

Ivan G. Seidenberg (1947?, Bronx NY), American corporate executive; CEO of Verizon Communications from 2002.

Jerry Seinfeld (Jerome Seinfeld; 29 Apr 1954, Brooklyn NY), American comic and TV personality.

Fatmir Sejdiu (23 Oct 1951, Pakashtice, Yugoslavia [now in Kosovo]), Kosovar professor and politician; president of Kosovo from 2006.

Bud Selig(Allan H.Selig; 30 Jul 1934, Milwaukee WI), American sports executive; Major League Baseball commissioner from 1998.

Senait (Senait G. Mehari; 3 Dec 1976, Asmara, Ethiopia [now in Eritrea]), Eritrean-born German singer.

Paul Sereno (11 Oct 1957, Aurora IL), American paleontologist.

Marija Serifovic (14 Nov 1984, Kragujevac, Yugoslavia [now in Serbia]), Serbian pop singer; winner of the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest.

Richard Serra (2 Nov 1939, San Francisco CA), American minimalist sculptor of large outdoor works; recipient of a Praemium Imperiale in 1994.

Vikram Seth (20 Jun 1952, Calcutta [now Kolkata], India), Indian poet, novelist, and travel writer.

Nasrallah Pierre Cardinal Sfeir (Nasrallah Boutros Pierre Sfeir; 15 May 1920, Reyfoun, Lebanon), Lebanese (Maronite Catholic) patriarch of Antioch and all the East from 1986 and Roman Catholic cardinal from 1994.

Gil Shaham (19 Feb 1971, Champaign-Urbana IL), American violinist.

Shakira (Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll; 2 Feb 1977, Barranquilla, Colombia), Colombian-born pop singer.

Tony Shalhoub (Anthony Marcus Shalhoub; 9 Oct 1953, Green Bay WI), American TV and film actor.

John Patrick Shanley (1950, Bronx NY), American screenwriter and playwright.

Mariya (Yuryevna) Sharapova (19 Apr 1987, Nyagan, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian tennis player.

Kamalesh Sharma (30 Sep 1941), Indian diplomat; secretary-general of the Commonwealth from 2008.

Al Sharpton (3 Oct 1954, New York NY), American politician (Democrat), political activist, and civil rights leader.

William Shatner (22 Mar 1931, Montreal, QC, Canada), Canadian TV actor.

Charlie Sheen (Carlos Irwin Estevez; 3 Sep 1965, New York NY), American film and TV actor.

Martin Sheen (Ramon Estevez; 3 Aug 1940, Dayton OH), American stage, film, and TV actor.

Judith Sheindlin (21 Oct 1942, Brooklyn NY), American TV judge (of Judge Judy).

Sam Shepard (Samuel Shepard Rogers; 5 Nov 1943, Fort Sheridan IL), American playwright and actor.

Cindy Sherman (Cynthia Morris Sherman; 19 Jan 1954, Glen Ridge NJ), American photographer.

Masaaki Shirakawa (27 Sep 1949, Kitakyushu, Japan), Japanese banker; governor of the Bank of Japan from 2008.

Vandana Shiva (5 Nov 1952, Dehra Dun, Uttar Pradesh [now in Uttarakhand] state, India), Indian biologist and social activist against the “biological theft” of the resources of poor countries by the richer ones.

Will Shortz (26 Aug 1952, Crawfordsville IN), American “enigmatologist” and “puzzlemaster”; crossword-puzzle editor at the New York Times.

Etsuhiko Shoyama (9 Mar 1936, Japan), Japanese corporate executive; CEO and chairman of Hitachi, Ltd., from 1999.

Than Shwe (2 Feb 1933, Kyaukse, Burma [now Myanmar]), Burmese military officer; head of government in Myanmar, 1992-2003, and chairman of the State Peace and Development Council (head of state) from 1992.

M(anoj) Night Shyamalan (6 Aug 1970, Pondicherry, India), Indian-born film director and screenwriter.

Malick Sidibe (1935/36, Soloba, French Sudan [now Mali]), Malian photographer.

(David) Derek Sikua (10 Sep 1959, Guadalcanal province, British-protected Solomon Islands), Solomon Islands politician; prime minister from 2007.

Haris Silajdzic (1 Oct 1945, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia [now in Bosnia and Herzegovina]), Bosnia and Herzegovinian Muslim political leader; prime minister or co-prime minister, 1993-2000, and chairman of the presidency of the republic from 2008.

Sarah (Kate) Silverman (1 Dec 1970, Bedford NH), American comedian, TV actress, and writer.

Silvia (Silvia Renate Sommerlath; 23 Dec 1943, Heidelberg, Germany), Swedish royal and social activist; queen consort of King Carl XVI Gustaf (married 19 Jun 1976).

Charles Simic (9 May 1938, Belgrade, Yugoslavia [now in Serbia]), Yugoslav-born American poet; US poet laureate, 2007-08.

Russell Simmons (4 Oct 1957, Queens NY), American hip-hop impresario and cofounder of Def Jam Records.

Jessica Simpson (10 Jul 1980, Dallas TX), American pop singer and actress.

Lorna Simpson (13 Aug 1960, Brooklyn NY), American multimedia artist.

Ashlee Simpson-Wentz (3 Oct 1984, Dallas TX), American actress and singer.

Hammerskjoeld Simwinga (17 Nov 1964, Isoka, Zambia), Zambian environmentalist; recipient of the 2007 Goldman Environmental Prize for Africa.

Kushal Pal Singh (15 Aug 1931, Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh, British India), Indian real-estate baron.

Manmohan Singh (26 Sep 1932, Gah, Punjab, British India [now in Pakistan]), Indian economist; prime minister from 2004.

Fouad Siniora (July 1943, Sidon, Lebanon), Lebanese banker and Sunni politician; prime minister from 2005 and acting president from 2007-08.

GarySinise (17 Mar 1955, Blue Island IL), American TV and film actor and director.

(Sayyid) Ali (Hussaini) al-Sistani (4 Aug 1930?, near Meshed, Iran), Iranian Shi’ite Muslim cleric.

Ricky Skaggs (18 Jul 1954, Cordell KY), American bluegrass and country musician.

Antonio Skarmeta (7 Nov 1940, Antofagasta, Chile), Chilean novelist and screenwriter.

JeffreyS. Skoll (16 Jan 1965, Montreal, QC, Canada), Canadian entrepreneur; cofounder of eBay and, from 1999, the president of the philanthropic Skoll Foundation.

Leonard (Edward) Slatkin (1 Sep 1944, Los Angeles CA), American conductor; music director of the National Symphony Orchestra from 1996.

Carlos Slim Helu (1940, Mexico?), Mexican investor; head of Grupo Carso, SAde CV, and longtime owner of the national telephone monopoly, Telefonos de Mexico (Telmex).

Lawrence M. Small (14 Sep 1941, New York NY), American businessman; president and COO of Fannie Mae, 1991-2000, and secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 2000-07.

Tavis Smiley (13 Sep 1964, Gulfport MS), American advocacy journalist on radio and TV.

Alexander McCall Smith (24 Aug 1948, Bulawayo, Southern Rhodesia [nowZimbabwe]), British author of crime novels and works for children.

Anna Deavere Smith (18 Sep 1950, Baltimore MD), American playwright, actress, professor.

Marc (Kelly) Smith (195?, Chicago IL), American performance poet; originator of the poetry slam.

Michael W. Smith (7 Oct 1957, Kenova WV), American Christian singer.

Patti (Lee) Smith (30 Dec 1946, Chicago IL), American musician, poet, and visual artist.

Stephen Smith (12 Dec 1955, Narrogin, WA, Australia), Australian politician (Labor); foreign minister from 2007.

Will(ard Christopher) Smith, Jr. (25 Sep 1968, Philadelphia PA), American rapper and actor.

Zadie Smith (Sadie Smith; 27 Oct 1975, Willesden Green, London, England), British novelist.

Oliver Smithies (23 Jun 1925, Halifax, Yorkshire, England), British-born American biochemist; corecipi-ent of the 2007 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for developing a technique for introducing modified genes into mice.

Wesley Snipes (31 Jul 1962, Orlando FL), American film actor.

Snoop Dogg (Calvin Broadus; 20 Oct 1972, Long Beach CA), American gangsta rap musician.

Gary (Sherman) Snyder (8 May 1930, San Francisco CA), American poet.

Jose Socrates (Jose Socrates Carvalho Pinto de Sousa; 6 Sep 1957, Vilar de Magada, Portugal), Portuguese civil engineer and politician (Socialist); prime minister from 2005.

Steven Soderbergh (14 Jan 1963, Atlanta GA), American film director.

Sofia (Princess Sophie of Greece; Sofia de Grecia y Hannover; 2 Nov 1938, Athens, Greece), Spanish royal; queen consort of King Juan Carlos I (married 12 May 1962).

Javier Solana (Madariaga) (14 Jul 1942, Madrid, Spain), Spanish statesman; NATO secretary-general, 1995-99, and secretary-general of the Council of the European Union from 1999.

Laszlo Solyom (3 Jan 1942, Pecs, Hungary), Hungarian jurist and politician; president from 2005.

Michael (Thomas) Somare (9 Apr 1936, Rabaul, Australian-mandated New Guinea [now Papua New Guinea]), Papua New Guinean politician; prime minister, 1975-80, 1982-85, and again from 2002.

Juan (Octavio)Somavia (21 Apr 1941, Chile), Chilean international official; director-general of the International Labour Organization from 1999.

Stephen (Joshua) Sondheim (22 Mar 1930, New York NY), American composer and lyricist for musical theater.

Sonja (Sonja Haraldsen; 4 Jul 1937, Oslo, Norway), Norwegian royal; queen consort of King Harald V (married 29 Aug 1968).

Sophie (Sophie Helen Rhys-Jones; 20 Jan 1965, Oxford, England), British royal; wife of Prince Edward (married 19 Jun 1999) and countess of Wessex.

Annika Sorenstam (9 Oct 1970, Stockholm, Sweden), Swedish golfer.

Aaron Sorkin (9 Jun 1961, Scarsdale NY), American screenwriter, playwright, and TV producer.

Guillaume Soro (8 May 1972, Kofiple, Cote d’Ivoire), Ivorian politician; prime minister from 2007.

Ahmed Tidiane Souare (1951, French West Africa?), Guinean economist and statesman; prime minister from 2008.

David H(ackett) Souter (17 Sep 1939, Melrose MA), American jurist; associate justice of the US Supreme Court from 1990.

Wole Soyinka (Akinwande Oluwole Soyinka; 13 Jul 1934, Abeokuta, Nigeria), Nigerian playwright, poet, novelist, and critic; recipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Kevin Spacey (Kevin Matthew Fowler; 26 Jul 1959, South Orange NJ), American stage and film actor and artistic director of the Old Vic theater in London.

James (Todd) Spader (7 Feb 1960, Boston MA), American film and TV actor.

Nicholas Sparks (31 Dec 1965, Omaha NE), American novelist.

Britney (Jean) Spears (2 Dec 1981, Kentwood LA), American pop singer and celebrity.

Margaret Spellings (30 Nov 1957, Michigan), American political adviser, education expert, and secretary of education from 2005.

W(inston) Baldwin Spencer (8 Oct 1948), West Indian politician; prime minister of Antigua and Barbuda from 2004.

Steven Spielberg (18 Dec 1947, Cincinnati OH), American film director and producer; recipient of a 2006 Kennedy Center Honor.

Nikola Spiric (4 Sep 1956, Drvar, Yugoslavia [now in Bosnia and Herzegovina]), Bosnia and Herzegovin-ian politician; chairman of the Council of Ministers (prime minister) from 2007.

Eliot (Laurence) Spitzer (10 Jun 1959, Riverdale, Bronx NY), American attorney and politician (Democrat); governor of New York, 2007-08.

Bruce Springsteen (23 Sep 1949, Freehold NJ), American rock singer and songwriter.

(Michael) Sylvester (Enzio) Stallone (“Sly”; 6 Jul 1946, New York NY), American film actor and director.

Sergey (Dmitriyevich) Stanishev (5 May 1966, Kherson, USSR [now in Ukraine]), Bulgarian politician (Socialist); prime minister from 2005.

Mavis Staples (1940, Chicago IL), American gospel singer.

Albert Starr (1 Jun 1926, New York NY), American cardiovascular surgeon and inventor of an artificial heart valve; recipient of a 2007 Lasker Medical Prize.

Danielle (Fernande Schuelein-) Steel (14 Aug 1947, New York NY), American romance novelist.

Gwen Stefani (3 Oct 1969, Fullerton CA), American rock and pop vocalist.

Ralph M(arvin) Steinman (14 Jan 1943, Montreal, QC, Canada), American immunologist and specialist in immune response in cells; recipient of a 2007 Lasker Medical Prize.

Frank-Walter Steinmeier (5 Jan 1956, Detmold, West Germany [now in Germany]), German government official; foreign minister from 2005 and vice-chancellor from 2007.

Frank P(hilip) Stella (12 May 1936, Malden MA), American painter.

Ed Stelmach (11 May 1951, Lamont, AB, Canada), Canadian politician (Progressive Conservative); premier of Alberta from 2006.

Stephanie (Stephanie Marie Elizabeth Grimaldi; 1 Feb 1965, Monaco), Monegasque princess; the youngest child of Prince Rainier III and Grace Kelly.

Stephanos II (Amba Andraos Ghattas; Stephanos Cardinal Ghattas; 16 Jan 1920, Cheikh Zein-el-Dine, Egypt), Egyptian churchman; patriarch of Alexandria of the Coptics from 1986; Roman Catholic cardinal from 2001.

Marcus Stephen (1 Oct 1969, Nauru?), Nauruan weight lifter and politician; president from 2007.

Howard Stern (12 Jan 1954, Roosevelt NY), American radio and TV personality.

John Paul Stevens (20 Apr 1920, Chicago IL), American jurist; associate justice of the US Supreme Court from 1975.

Ellen Stewart (7 Nov 1919, Chicago IL), American theater director and producer, the founder (1961) of La MaMa Experimental Theater Club in New York City; recipient of a Praemium Imperiale in 2007.

Jon Stewart (Jonathan Stewart Leibowitz; 28 Nov 1962, New York NY), American actor, writer, and comedian; anchor of Tv’s The DailyShow from 1999.

Patrick Stewart (13 Jul 1940, Mirfield, Yorkshire, England), British actor.

Rod(erick David)Stewart (10 Jan 1945, London, England), British singer and songwriter.

Julia (O’Hara) Stiles (28 Mar 1981, New York NY), American film actress.

Ben Stiller (30 Nov 1965, New York NY), American comedian, actor, and film director.

Sting (Gordon Matthew Sumner; 2 Oct 1951, Wallsend, Newcastle upon Tyne, England), British singer, songwriter, and actor.

Jens Stoltenberg (16 Mar 1959, Oslo, Norway), Norwegian economist and politician (Norwegian Labor Party); prime minister, 2000-01 and again from 2005.

Joss Stone (Joscelyn Eve Stoker; 11 Apr 1987, Dover, Kent, England), English soul singer.

Oliver (William) Stone (15 Sep 1946, New York NY), American director, writer, and producer.

Tom Stoppard (Tomas Straussler; 3 Jul 1937, Zlin, Moravia, Czechoslovakia [now in the Czech Republic]), Czech-born British playwright and screenwriter.

Mark Strand (11 Apr 1934, Summerside, PE, Canada), Canadian poet, writer of short fiction, and translator.

Dominique Strauss-Kahn (25 Apr 1949, Neuilly-sur-Seine), French politician (Socialist); chairman of the International Monetary Fund from 2007.

Jack Straw (John Whitaker Straw; 3 Aug 1946, Brentwood, Essex, England), British politician; home secretary, 1997-2001, foreign secretary, 2001-06, and secretary of state for justice and lord high chancellor from 2007.

Meryl Streep (Mary Louise Streep; 22 Jun 1949, Summit NJ), American film actress.

John F. Street (15 Oct 1943, Norristown PA), American politician (Democrat); mayor of Philadelphia, 2000-08.

Barbra Streisand (Barbara Joan Streisand; 24 Apr 1942, Brooklyn NY), American singer, actress, and film director.

Ted Strickland (4 Aug 1941, Lucasville OH), American politician (Democrat); governor of Ohio from 2007.

Howard Stringer (19 Feb 1942, Cardiff, Wales), Welsh-born business executive; chairman and CEO of Sony Corp. from 2005.

Susan Stroman (17 Oct 1954, Wilmington DE), American theater director.

(Christopher) Ruben Studdard (12 Sep 1978, Frankfurt am Main, West Germany [now in Germany]), American singer.

Juan Manuel Suarez del Toro Rivero (1952, Spain), Spanish international official; president of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies from 2001.

Pat Summitt (Patricia Head; 14 Jun 1952, Henrietta TN), American women’s basketball coach.

Samak Sundaravej (13 Jun 1935, Bangkok, Siam [now Thailand]), Thai politician; prime minister from 2008.

Rashid Sunyaev (Rashid [Aliyevich] Syunyayev; 1 Mar 1943, Tashkent, USSR [now in Uzbekistan]), Uzbek-born Russian astrophysicist, a specialist in cosmo-logical background radiation and black holes; director of the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics from 1996; recipient of the 2000 Bruce Medal and a 2008 Crafoord Prize.

Kiefer Sutherland (William Frederick Dempsey George Sutherland; 21 Dec 1966, London, England), Canadian film and TV actor.

Ichiro Suzuki (22 Oct 1973, Kasugai, Aichi prefecture, Japan), Japanese baseball player.

Hilary Swank (30 Jul 1974, Lincoln NE), American film actress.

John J. Sweeney (5 May 1934, New York NY), American labor leader; president of the AFL-CIO from 1995.

Tilda Swinton (Katherine Matilda Swinton; 5 Nov 1960, London, England), British actress; recipient of the 2007 best supporting actress Academy Award.

Keiji Tachikawa (27 May 1939, Ogaki, Gifu prefecture, Japan), Japanese communications executive; president of DoCoMo, a wireless provider.

Boris Tadic (15 Jan 1958, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia [now in Bosnia and Herzegovina]), Serbian politician and government official; president of Serbia from 2004.

Masatoshi Takeichi (27 Nov 1943, Nagoya, Japan), Japanese developmental biologist, professor, and director of the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology.

Jalal Talabani (1933, Kalkan, Iraq), Iraqi Kurdish politician; president of Iraq from 2005.

Mehmet Ali Talat (6 Jul 1952, Girne, British Cyprus), Turkish Cypriot politician; prime minister of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, 2004-05, and president from 2005.

Mamadou Tandja (1938, Maine-Soroa, French West Africa [now in Niger]), Nigerois politician; president from 1999.

Quentin (Jerome) Tarantino (27 Mar 1963, Knoxville TN), American film director.

Marc Tarpenning (1 Jun 1964, Sacramento CA), American entrepreneur and cofounder of Tesla Motors.

Ratan (Naval) Tata (28 Dec 1937, Bombay [now Mumbai], British India), Indian corporate executive; chairman of the Tata Group and its several subsidiary companies in steel, motors, chemicals, hotels, etc.

Audrey Tautou (9 Aug 1978, Beaumont, France), French film actress.

John Tavener (28 Jan 1944, London, England), British composer.

Charles M(argrave) Taylor (5 Nov 1931, Montreal, QC, Canada), Canadian philosopher and professor; recipient of the 2007 Templeton Prize.

Elizabeth (Rosemond) Taylor (27 Feb 1932, London, England), American film actress.

Julie Taymor (15 Dec 1952, Newton MA), American theater and film director.

Mario Testino (1954, Lima, Peru), Peruvian fashion photographer.

Hashim Thaci (24 Apr 1969, Buroja, Yugoslavia [now in Kosovo]), Kosovar politician; prime minister from 2008.

Bal (Keshav) Thackeray (23 Jan 1927), Indian politician who established the ShivSena party.

John A. Thain (1955?), American financial official; CEO of the New York Stock Exchange, 2004-07, and CEO of Merrill Lynch from 2007.

Hamad ibn Khalifah al-Thani (1950, Doha, Qatar), Qatari sheikh; emir from 1995.

Twyla Tharp (1 Jul 1941, Portland IN), American dancer, director, and choreographer.

Charlize Theron (7 Aug 1975, Benoni, South Africa), South African actress.

Thich Nhat Hanh (11 Oct 1926, central Vietnam), Vietnamese Buddhist monk, pacifist, and teacher.

Lyonchen Jigme (Yoeser) Thinley (1952, Bumthang district, Bhutan), Bhutanese prime minister, 1998-99, 2003-04, and again from 2008.

Clarence Thomas (23 Jun 1948, Pinpoint community, near Savannah GA), American jurist; associate justice of the US Supreme Court from 1991.

Michael Tilson Thomas (21 Dec 1944, Hollywood CA), American conductor and composer; music director of the San Francisco Symphony from 1995.

Tillman (Joseph) Thomas (13 Jun 1945, Hermitage, St. Patrick, Grenada), West Indian politician; prime minister of Grenada from 2008.

David (John Howard) Thompson (December 1961, London, England), Barbadian politician; prime minister from 2008.

Emma Thompson (15 Apr 1959, London, England), British film actress.

Fred (Dalton) Thompson (19 Aug 1942, Sheffield AL), American film and TV actor and politician (Republican); senator from Tennessee, 1994-2003.

Jenny Thompson (26 Feb 1973, Danvers MA), American swimmer.

Robert Thomson (11 Mar 1961, Echuca, VIC, Australia), Australian journalist; editor of The Times of London from 2002.

Billy Bob Thornton (4 Aug 1955, Hot Springs AR), American director and actor.

Ian Thorpe (13 Oct 1982, Sydney, Australia), Australian swimmer.

Uma (Karuna) Thurman (29 Apr 1970, Boston MA), American film actress.

Rex W. Tillerson (23 Mar 1952, Wichita Falls TX), American petroleum company executive; president (from 2004) and CEO (from 2006) of Exxon Mobil Corp.

Timbaland (Timothy Z. Mosley; 10 Mar 1972, Norfolk VA), American R&B and rap composer, record producer, and performer.

Justin (Randall) Timberlake (31 Jan 1981, Memphis TN), American pop singer.

Claire Tomalin (Claire Delavenay; 20 Jun 1933, London, England), English biographer and author.

(Iroij) Litokwa Tomeing (14 Oct 1939, Wotje atoll, Japanese-mandated Marshall Islands), Mar-shallese politician; president of the Marshall Islands from 2008.

Anote Tong (1952), Kiribati politician; president from 2003.

Gaston Tong Sang (7 Aug 1949, Bora-Bora, Tahiti, French Polynesia), French Polynesian politician; president of French Polynesia, 2006-07 and again from 2008.

Bamir Topi (24 Apr 1957, Tirane, Albania), Albanian biologist and politician; president from 2007.

Mirek Topolanek (15 May 1956, Vsetin, Moravia, Czechoslovakia [now in the Czech Republic]), Czech industrial engineer, businessman, and politician; prime minister from 2006.

Martin Torrijos Espino (18 Jul 1963, Panama City, Panama), Panamanian politician (Democratic Revolutionary Party); president from 2004.

Amadou Toumani Toure (4 Nov 1948, Mpoti, French Sudan [now in Mali]), Malian politician; president, 1991-92 and again from 2002.

Hamadoun Toure (3 Sep 1953, French Sudan [now Mali]), Malian international official; secretary-general of the International Telecommunication Union from 2007.

Avraham Trahtman (Avraam Trakhtman; 10 Feb 1944, Kalinovo, Sverdlovsk oblast, USSR [now Yekaterinburg, Russia]), Russian-born Israeli mathematician who published a proof of the road-coloring problem in 2007.

Randy Travis (Randy Traywick; 4 May 1959, Marshville NC), American country-and-western singer, songwriter, and actor.

John (Joseph) Travolta (18 Feb 1955, Englewood NJ), American TV and film actor.

Natasha Trethewey (26 Apr 1966, Gulfport MS), American poet whose Native Guard won the 2007 Pulitzer Prize for poetry.

Jean-Claude Trichet (20 Dec 1942, Lyons, France), French banker, governor of the Banque de France, 1993-2003, and president of the European Central Bank from 2003.

Libby Trickett (Lisbeth Lenton; 28 Jan 1985, Townsville, QLD, Australia), Australian freestyle swimmer.

Lars von Trier (30 Apr 1956, Copenhagen, Denmark), Danish film director and cinematographer.

Calvin Trillin (5 Dec 1935, Kansas City MO), American author, commentator, and occasional poet.

Travis Tritt (9 Feb 1963, Marietta GA), American country-and-western singer.

Robert L. Trivers (19 Feb 1943, Washington DC), American evolutionary biologist and sociobiologist; recipient of a 2007 Crafoord Prize “for his fundamental analysis of social evolution, conflict and cooperation.”

Garry R. Trudeau (21 Jul 1948, New York NY), American cartoonist; creator of the durable Doonesbury syndicated comic strip.

Donald (John) Trump (14 Jun 1946, New York NY), American real-estate developer and reality-TV personality.

Ronald A. Tschetter (4 Oct 1941, Huron SD), American investment executive; director of the Peace Corps from 2006.

Morgan Tsvangirai (10 Mar 1952, Gutu, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe]), Zimbabwean labor leader and politician; head of the Movement for Democratic Change (from 1999), and main opposition leader to the regime of Pres. Robert Mugabe.

Togiola T(alalei) A. Tulafono (28 Feb 1947, Aunu’u Island, American Samoa), American politician (Democrat); governor of American Samoa from 2003.

Tommy Tune (28 Feb 1939, Wichita Falls TX), American musical-comedy dancer and actor.

Danilo Turk (19 Feb 1952, Maribor, Yugoslavia [now in Slovenia]), Slovenian law professor and diplomat; president from 2007.

Ted Turner (Robert Edward Turner III; 19 Nov 1938, Cincinnati OH), American TV executive, the founder of Turner Broadcasting System and owner of Cable News Network (CNN); sports club owner; yachtsman; and philanthropist.

John Turturro (27 Feb 1957, Brooklyn NY), American stage, film, and TV actor.

Donald (Franciszek) Tusk (22 Apr 1957, Gdansk, Poland), Polish politician (Civic Platform); prime minister from 2007.

Desmond (Mpilo) Tutu (7 Oct 1931, Klerksdorp, South Africa), South African Anglican cleric who in 1984 received the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in the opposition to apartheid in South Africa.

Cy Twombly (Edwin Parker Twombly, Jr.; 25 Apr 1928, Lexington VA), American abstract artist and sculptor.

Anne Tyler (25 Oct 1941, Minneapolis MN), American novelist and short-story writer.

Liv Tyler (Liv Rundgren; 1 Jul 1977, Portland ME), American actress and model.

Yuliya (Volodymyrivna) Tymoshenko (27 Nov 1960, Dnipropetrovsk, USSR [now in Ukraine]), Ukrainian businesswoman and politician (Yuliya Tymoshenko Bloc); prime minister in 2005 and again from 2007.

(Alfred) McCoy Tyner (Sulaimon Saud; 11 Dec 1938, Philadelphia PA), American jazz pianist and composer.

Joao Ubaldo (Osorio Pimentel) Ribeiro (23 Jan 1941, Itaparica, Bahia state, Brazil), Brazilian novelist.

Robert J. Ulrich (1944?, Minneapolis MN), American corporate executive; CEO of Target Corp. from 1994.

Carrie Underwood (10 Mar 1983, Muskogee OK), American country singer.

John (Hoyer) Updike (18 Mar 1932, Shillington PA), American writer of novels, short stories, and poetry.

Keith (Lionel) Urban (26 Oct 1967, Whangerei, New Zealand), New Zealand-born Australian country singer.

Alvaro Uribe Velez (4 Jul 1952, Medellfn, Colombia), Colombian politician; president from 2002.

Usher (Usher Raymond IV; 14 Oct 1978, Chattanooga TN), American R&B singer.

J0rn Utzon (9 Apr 1918, Copenhagen, Denmark), Danish architect; recipient of the 2003 Pritzker Prize.

Jochem Uytdehaage (9 Jul 1976, Utrecht, Netherlands), Dutch speed skater.

Martine Van Hamel (16 Nov 1945, Brussels, Belgium), Belgian dancer and leading choreographer for the American Ballet Theatre.

Gus van Sant (24 Jul 1952, Louisville KY), American film director.

Matti Vanhanen (4 Nov 1955, Jyvaskyla, Finland), Finnish politician; prime minister from 2003.

(Jorge) Mario (Pedro) Vargas Llosa (28 Mar 1936, Arequipa, Peru), Peruvian-born Spanish novelist.

Harold (Eliot) Varmus (18 Dec 1939, Oceanside NY), American virologist; corecipient of 1989 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine; director of the National Institutes of Health, 1993-99, and president of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York City from 2000.

Alexander J. Varshavsky (1946, Russia, USSR), Russian-born American biochemist and cancer researcher; recipient of the first (2008) Gotham Prize.

Vince Vaughn (Vincent Anthony Vaughn; 28 Mar 1970, Minneapolis MN), American actor.

Tabare (Ramon) Vazquez (Rosas) (17 Jan 1940, Barrio La Teja, Montevideo, Uruguay), Uruguayan physician and politician (Socialist); president from 2005.

Eddie Vedder (Edward Louis Severson III; 23 Dec 1964, Evanston IL), American rock vocalist and songwriter (for Pearl Jam).

Jeroen van der Veer (27 Oct 1947, Utrecht, Netherlands), Dutch corporate executive; CEO of Royal Dutch/Shell Group (The Netherlands).

Jaci Velasquez (Jacquelyn Davette Velasquez; 15 Oct 1979, Houston TX), American Latin and gospel singer.

Ann M. Veneman (29 Jun 1949, Modesto CA), American government official; US secretary of agriculture, 2001-05, and executive director of UNICEF from 2005.

(Runaldo) Ronald Venetiaan (18 Jun 1936, Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana [now Suriname]), Surinamese mathematician and politician; president, 1991-96 and again from 2000.

Maxim Vengerov (Maksim Aleksandrovich Vengerov; 20 Aug 1974, Novosibirsk, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian-born concert violinist.

J. Craig Venter (14 Oct 1946, Salt Lake City UT), American geneticist and researcher into the human genome; he was the founder of Celera Genomics.

Guy Verhofstadt (11 Apr 1953, Dendermonde, Belgium), Belgian politician (VLD); prime minister, 1999-2008.

Donatella Versace (2 May 1955, Reggio di Calabria, Italy), Italian fashion designer; creative director at the Versace design house from 1997.

Ben Verwaayen (February 1952), Dutch corporate executive; CEO of British Telecommunications PLC from 2002.

Charles M. Vest (9 Sep 1941, Morgantown WV), American scientist and educator; president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1990-2004, and president of the National Academy of Engineering from 2007.

Jack Vettriano (Jack Hoggan; 17 Nov 1951, St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland), British painter.

Victoria (Victoria Ingrid Alice Desiree; 14 Jul 1977, Stockholm, Sweden), Swedish crown princess and duchess of Vastergotland.

Joao Bernardo Vieira (27 Apr 1939, Bissau, Portuguese Guinea [now Guinea-Bissau]), Guinea-Bissau politician; president, 1980-84, 1984-99, and again from 2005.

Antonio Villaraigosa (Antonio Ramon Villar, Jr.; 23 Jan 1953, East Los Angeles CA), American politician (Democrat); mayor of Los Angeles from 2005.

Diana Vishneva (Diana Viktorovna Vishnyova; 13 Jun 1976, Leningrad, USSR [now St. Petersburg, Russia]), Russian ballerina with the Mariinsky Ballet and, from 2003, the American Ballet Theatre.

Lindsey Vonn (Lindsey Kildow; 18 Oct 1984, St. Paul MN), American Alpine skier.

Vladimir Voronin (25 May 1941, Corjova, Moldavian SSR, USSR [now Moldova]), Moldovan politician; president from 2001.

Filip Vujanovic (1 Sep 1954, Belgrade, Yugoslavia [now in Serbia]), Montenegrin politician; president of the Republic of Montenegro, before and after its independence, 2002-03 (acting) and again from 2003.

Rem (Ivanovich) Vyakhirev (23 Aug 1934, Bolshaya Chernigovka, USSR [now in Russia]), Russian billionaire head (1992-2001) of Gazprom, the largest company in Russia, and chairman of Siberia Oil Co. from 1996.

Norio Wada (17 Nov 1949, Osaka, Japan), Japanese corporate executive; president and CEO of Nippon Telegraph & Telephone from 2002.

Abdoulaye Wade (29 May 1926, Kebemer, French West Africa [now in Senegal]), Senegalese politician; president from 2000.

G. Richard Wagoner, Jr. (9 Feb 1953, Wilmington DE), American corporate executive; CEO of General Motors Corp. from 2000.

Mark (Robert Michael) Wahlberg (5 Jun 1971, Dorchester, Boston MA), American actor.

Rufus Wainwright (22 Jul 1973, Rhinebeck NY), Canadian singer and songwriter.

Ted Waitt (18 Jan 1963, Sioux City IA), American computer executive and philanthropist; cofounder of Gateway Inc. in 1985 and chairman and CEO of the charitable Waitt Family Foundation from 1993.

Derek (Alton) Walcott (23 Jan 1930, Castries, Saint Lucia, British West Indies), West Indian poet and playwright; recipient of the 1992 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Jimmy (Donal) Wales (7 Aug 1966, Huntsville AL), American Internet publisher; founder of Wikipedia.

Alice (Malsenior) Walker (9 Feb 1944, Eatonton GA), American novelist, poet, and short-story writer.

David M(ichael) Walker (2 Oct 1951, Birmingham AL), American comptroller general (head of the Government Accountability Office), 1998-2008.

Brad Wall (24 Nov 1965, Swift Current, SK, Canada), Canadian businessman and politician (Progressive Conservative); premier of Saskatchewan from 2007.

Mike Wallace (Myron Leon Wallace; 9 May 1918, Brookline MA), American TV journalist, interviewer, and coeditor of CBS’s 60 Minutes.

Mark J. Walport (1953, England), British immunolo-gist; director of the Wellcome Trust from 2003.

Barbara (Ann) Walters (25 Sep 1931, Boston MA), American broadcast journalist and TV interviewer.

John P. Walters (1951?), American civic and government official; director of national drug control policy (“drug czar”) from 2001.

Alice L. Walton (c. 1949), American heiress of part of the Wal-Mart fortune.

Helen R. Walton (c. 1920), American heiress of part of the Wal-Mart fortune.

Jim C. Walton (c. 1948), American business executive; chairman and CEO of the Arvest Group.

Vera Wang (27 Jun 1949, New York NY), American fashion designer.

Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuk (21 Feb 1980, Thimphu, Bhutan), Bhutanese royal; king from 2006.

Shane Keith Warne (13 Sep 1969, Ferntree Gully, VIC, Australia), Australian cricketer, a spin bowler named one of Wisden’s Five Cricketers of the Century.

J. Robin Warren (11 Jun 1937, Adelaide, SA, Australia), Australian pathologist; corecipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

Rick Warren (1954, San Jose CA), American evangelist minister.

Denzel Washington, Jr. (28 Dec 1954, Mount Vernon NY), American film and TV actor.

Kerry Washington (31 Jan 1977, Bronx NY), American film actress.

(Chaudhry) Wasim Akram (3 Jun 1966, Lahore, Pakistan), Pakistani cricket left-handed fast bowler.

Alice Waters (28 Apr 1944, Chatham NJ), American chef and restaurant owner (Chez Panisse, Berkeley CA).

John Waters (22 Apr 1946, Baltimore MD), American filmmaker.

Naomi Watts (28 Sep 1968, Shoreham, Kent, England), Australian film actress.

George (Manneh Oppong Ousman) Weah (1 Oct 1966, Monrovia, Liberia), Liberian-born association football (soccer) star, named in 1998 African Player of the Century.

Hugo Weaving (4 Apr 1960, Austin, Nigeria), Australian film actor.

Karrie Webb (21 Dec 1974, Ayr, QLD, Australia), Australian golfer.

Andrew (Thomas) Weil (8 Jun 1942, Philadelphia PA), American physician and champion of alternative medicine.

Bob Weinstein (1954, Queens NY), American film executive; cofounder of Miramax Films.

Harvey Weinstein (19 Mar 1952, Queens NY), American film executive; cofounder of Miramax Films.

Rachel Weisz (7 Mar 1971, London, England), British film actress.

Gillian Welch (2 Oct 1967, New York NY), American folk and country-and-western singer.

Wen Jiabao (September 1942, Tianjin, China), Chinese geologist and party and state official; premier from 2003.

Jann S. Wenner (7 Jan 1946, New York NY), American journalist; originator (1967) and publisher of Rolling Stone magazine.

Kanye West (8 Jun 1977, Atlanta GA), American rapper and music producer.

Randy Weston (Randolph Edward Weston; 6 Apr 1926, Brooklyn NY), American jazz pianist and composer.

Vivienne Westwood (Vivienne Swire; 8 Apr 1941, Tin-twistle, Derbyshire, England), British fashion designer.

Christopher Wheeldon (22 Mar 1973, Yeovil, Somerset, England), British dancer and choreographer (with the New York City Ballet).

Forest (Steven) Whitaker (15 Jul 1961, Longview TX), American film actor and director; recipient of the 2006 best actor Academy Award.

Jack White (John Anthony Gillis; 9 Jul 1975, Detroit MI), American alternative-rock guitarist and vocalist (for the White Stripes and the Raconteurs) and record producer.

Shaun White (3 Sep 1986, San Diego CA), American snowboarder.

Meg Whitman (Margaret C. Whitman; 4 Aug 1956, Cold Spring Harbor NY), American corporate executive; president and CEO of eBay, 1998-2008.

Ratnasiri Wickremanayake (5 May 1933, British Ceylon [nowSri Lanka]), Sri Lankan politician; prime minister of Sri Lanka, 2000-01 and again from 2005.

John Edgar Wideman (14 Jun 1941, Washington DC), American novelist.

Richard (Purdy) Wilbur (1 Mar 1921, New York NY), American poet associated with the New Formalist movement; poet laureate of the US, 1987-88, and recipient of the 2006 Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize.

Tom Wilkinson (Thomas Jeffery Wilkinson, Jr.; 12 Dec 1948, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England), British character actor.

George F(rederick) Will (4 May 1941, Champaign IL), American conservative political commentator and columnist.

Willem-Alexander (27 Apr 1967, Utrecht, Netherlands), Dutch crown prince.

William (William Arthur Philip Louis Windsor; 21 Jun 1982, London, England), British prince of Wales; son of Charles and Diana, prince and princess of Wales, and second in line to the British throne.

Brian (Douglas) Williams (5 May 1959, Elmira NY), American TV newsman; anchor of NBC Nightly News from 2004.

C(harles) K(enneth) Williams (4 Nov 1936, Newark NJ), American poet.

Danny Williams (4 Aug 1950, St. John’s, NF [now NL], Canada), Canadian lawyer and politician (Progressive Conservative); premier of Newfoundland from 2003.

John Williams (24 Apr 1941, Melbourne, Australia), Australian-born classical guitarist.

John (Towner) Williams (8 Feb 1932, Queens NY), American conductor and composer of movie sound tracks.

Lucinda Williams (26 Jan 1953, Lake Charles LA), American contemporary folk and country singer and songwriter.

Pharrell Williams (“Skateboard P”; 5 Apr 1973, Virginia Beach VA), American hip-hop artist, songwriter, and producer.

Robbie Williams (Robert Peter Maximillian Williams; 13 Feb 1974, Tunstall, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England), British singer.

Robin Williams (21 Jul 1952, Chicago IL), American comedian and actor.

Rowan (Douglas) Williams (14 Jun 1950, Swansea, Wales), Welsh-born Anglican clergyman; archbishop of Canterbury from 2003.

Serena Williams (26 Sep 1981, Saginaw MI), American tennis player and clothing designer.

Vanessa (Lynn) Williams (18 Mar 1963, Tarrytown NY), American singer and actress.

Venus Williams (17 Jun 1980, Lynwood CA), American tennis player.

Bruce Willis (Walter Bruce Willison; 19 Mar 1955, Idar-Oberstein, West Germany [now in Germany]), American actor.

Brian Wilson (20 Jun 1942, Inglewood CA), American pop music songwriter and producer (for the Beach Boys); recipient of a 2007 Kennedy Center Honor.

Lanford Wilson (13 Apr 1937, Lebanon MO), American playwright.

Owen (Cunningham) Wilson (18 Nov 1968, Dallas TX), American actor.

Robert Wilson (4 Oct 1941, Waco TX), American avant-garde theater director.

Amy (Jade) Winehouse (14 Sep 1983, Enfield, Middlesex, England), British singer and songwriter.

Oprah Winfrey (29 Jan 1954, Kosciusko MS), American TV personality; host and producer of The Oprah Winfrey Show from 1985.

Kate Winslet (5 Oct 1975, Reading, England), British film actress.

Anna Wintour (3 Nov 1949, London, England), British-born fashion magazine editor, editor in chief of American Vogue from 1988.

(Laura Jean) Reese Witherspoon (22 Mar 1976, Baton Rouge LA), American film actress.

Edward Witten (26 Aug 1951, Baltimore MD), American mathematician and specialist in superstring theory; recipient of the 1990 Fields Medal and a 2008 Crafoord Prize.

Patricia A(nn) Woertz (17 Mar 1953, Pittsburgh PA), American corporate executive; CEO of Archer Daniels Midland from 2006.

Girma Wolde-Giorgis (December 1924, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia), Ethiopian military officer; president from 2001.

Nathan Wolfe (24 Aug 1970, Detroit MI), American virologist and professor, a specialist in the transfer of viruses from animals to humans.

Tom Wolfe (Thomas Kennerly Wolfe, Jr.; 2 Mar 1930, Richmond VA), American novelist, journalist, and social commentator.

Tobias (Jonathan Ansell) Wolff (19 Jun 1945, Birmingham AL), American writer.

Stevie Wonder (Steveland Judkins; Steveland Morris; 13 May 1950, Saginaw MI), American pop songwriter and singer.

Elijah (Jordan) Wood (28 Jan 1981, Cedar Rapids IA), American film actor.

Tiger Woods (Eldrick Woods; 30 Dec 1975, Cypress CA), American golfer.

Klaus Wowereit (1 Oct 1953, West Berlin, West Germany [now Berlin, Germany]), German politician (Social Democrat); mayor of Berlin from 2001.

Stephen Wozniak (11 Aug 1950, San Jose CA), American electrical engineer, cofounder of Apple Computer Corp., and youth leader.

Ram Baran Yadav (4 Feb 1948, Sapahi, Dhanukha, Nepal), Nepalese politician; the first president of Nepal, from 2008.

Aleksey (Konstantinovich) Yagudin (18 Mar 1980, Leningrad, USSR [now St. Petersburg, Russia]), Russian figure skater.

Shinya Yamanaka (4 Sep 1962, Osaka, Japan), Japanese physician and stem-cell researcher.

Yang Jiechi (May 1950, Shanghai, China), Chinese foreign minister from 2007.

Viktor (Fedorovych) Yanukovych (9 Jul 1950, Yenakiyevo, USSR [now in Ukraine]), Ukrainian politician; prime minister, 2002-05 and 2006-07.

Yao Ming (12 Sep 1980, Shanghai, China), Chinese basketball player.

Umaru Musa Yar’Adua (1951, Katsina, Nigeria), Nigerian politician; president from 2007.

Catherine Yass (1963, London, England), British photographic artist.

Trisha Yearwood (Patricia Lynn Yearwood; 19 Sep 1964, Monticello GA), American country singer.

Michelle Yeoh (Yang Zi Chong or Yeoh Chu-keng; 6 Aug 1962, Ipoh, Malaysia), Malaysian-born film actress.

Gloria Yerkovich (1942), American child-welfare advocate; founder of Child Find, an organization that helps locate missing children.

Frances Yip (Yip Lai Yee; 1948, Hong Kong), Hong Kong Chinese pop singer.

Banana Yoshimoto (Yoshimoto Mahoko; 24 Jul 1964, Tokyo, Japan), Japanese writer of best-selling fiction.

Will(iam Robert) Young (20 Jan 1979, Hungerford, Berkshire, England), British pop singer.

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (9 Sep 1949, Pacitan, East Java, Indonesia), Indonesian military officer; president from 2004.

Muhammad Yunus (28 Jun 1940, Chittagong, East Bengal, British India [now in Bangladesh]), Bangladeshi economist specializing in microcredit and founder of the Grameen Bank; corecipient of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize.

Viktor (Andriyovych) Yushchenko (23 Feb 1954, Kho-ruzhivka, Sumy oblast, USSR [now in Ukraine]), Ukrainian banker and politician (Our Ukraine); prime minister, 1999-2001, and president from 2005.

Sadi Yusuf (1934, near Basra, Iraq), Iraqi-born poet.

Raul Yzaguirre (22 Jul 1939, south Texas), American Hispanic rights activist.

Adam Zagajewski (21 Jun 1945, Lwow, Poland [now Lviv, Ukraine]), Polish poet, novelist, and essayist; recipient of the 2004 Neustadt Prize.

Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero (4 Aug 1960, Val-ladolid, Spain), Spanish politician (Socialist Workers Party); prime minister from 2004.

Asif Ali Zardari (21 Jul 1956, Nawabshah, Pakistan), Pakistani politician and widower of Benazir Bhutto; cochairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party from 2007.

Valdis Zatlers (22 Mar 1955), Latvian politician; president from 2007.

Ayman al-Zawahiri (19 Jun 1951, Maadi, Egypt), Egyptian-born physician and militant Islamist leader, the chief lieutenant of Osama bin Laden.

(Jose) Manuel Zelaya (Rosales) (20 Sep 1952, Cata-camas, Honduras), Honduran politician (Liberal Party); president from 2006.

Sam Zell (Samuel Zielonka; 28 Sep 1941, Chicago IL), American real-estate tycoon.

Renee (Kathleen) Zellweger (25 Apr 1969, Katy TX), American actress.

Robert Zemeckis (14 May 1952, Chicago IL), American film director.

Meles Zenawi (8 May 1955, Adoua, Ethiopia), Ethiopian politician; prime minister from 1995.

Niklas Zennstrom (1966, Sweden), Swedish Internet entrepreneur; codeveloper of Joost, a program to receive TV broadcasts on a personal computer.

Elias (Adam) Zerhouni (1 Apr 1951, Nedroma, French Algeria), Algerian-born American radiologist and medical administrator; director of the National Institutes of Health from 2002.

Catherine Zeta-Jones (Catherine Jones; 25 Sep 1969, Swansea, West Glamorgan, Wales), Welsh-born American actress.

Zhang Yimou (14 Nov 1951, Xi’an, Shaanxi province, China), Chinese film director.

Zhang Ziyi (9 Feb 1979, Beijing, China), Chinese actress.

Zhou Guangzhao (May 1929, Changsha, Hunan province, China), Chinese mechanical engineer; president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1987-97; chairman of the China Association of Science and Technology from 1996.

Mary (Alice) Zimmerman (23 Aug 1960, Lincoln NE), American stage director.

Slavoj Zizek (21 Mar 1949, Ljubljana, Yugoslavia [now in Slovenia]), Slovenian political philosopher and social critic.

Robert B. Zoellick (25 Jul 1953, Evergreen Park IL), American businessman and government official; US trade representative, 2001-05, deputy secretary of state, 2005-06, and president of the World Bank from 2007.

Mark Zuckerberg (14 May 1984, Dobbs Ferry NY), American Internet entrepreneur; founder and CEO of Facebook, a social networking Web site.

Mortimer B. Zuckerman (4 Jun 1937, Montreal, QC, Canada), Canadian-born American publisher, columnist, and editor in chief of U.S. News & World Report.

Jacob (Gedleyihlekisa) Zuma (12 Apr 1942, Inkandla, Natal, Union of South Africa [now in KwaZulu Natal province, South Africa]), South African politician; deputy president of South Africa, 1999-2005, and president of the African National Congress from 2007.

Haidar Abdel Shafi (10 Jun 1919, Gaza, British-occupied Palestine—25 Sep 2007, Gaza, Emerging Palestinian Autonomous Area), Palestinian nationalist who was a founding member (1964-65) of the executive committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization and a longtime secular voice in negotiations with Israel for Palestinian self-rule.

Philip Burnett Franklin Agee (19 Jul 1935, Tacoma Park FL—7 Jan 2008, Havana, Cuba), American government official who was stripped of his US citizenship after publishing Inside the Company: A CIA Diary (1975), which divulged his disillusionment with the CIA, in which he served in the 1960s as an undercover officer; he also revealed the identities of some 250 CIA operatives working clandestinely, mainly in Latin America.

Baba Amte (Murlidhar Devidas Amte; 26 Dec 1914, Maharashtra district, British India—9 Feb 2008, Anandvan, Maharashtra, India), Indian lawyer and social activist who devoted his life to India’s Harijan (untouchables) and especially to the care of those individuals who suffered from leprosy.

Jorge Isaac Anaya (27 Sep 1926, Bahfa Blanca, Ar-gentina—9 Jan 2008, Buenos Aires, Argentina), Argentine naval commander who led the failed attempt to invade and control the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) in what became known as the 1982 Falkland Islands War with the UK.

Michelangelo Antonioni (29 Sep 1912, Ferrara, Italy—30 Jul 2007, Rome, Italy), Italian film director, cinematographer, and producer who eschewed “realistic” narrative and traditional plots in favor of character study and poetic visual imagery; his most successful motion picture was Blowup (1966), which won the Golden Palm at the Cannes Festival and came to epitomize “swinging ’60s” London.

Art(hur) Eugene Arfons (3 Feb 1926, Akron OH—3 Dec 2007, Akron OH), American automotive racer who was a three-time holder of the world’s land-speed record for wheeled vehicles; he designed a vehicle powered by a J-79 jet aircraft engine, which he drove 576.533 mph (927.64 km/hr) at Utah’s Bonneville Salt Flats in 1965.

‘Abd al-Rahman ‘Arif (1916, Baghdad, Iraq—24 Aug 2007, Amman, Jordan), Iraqi army major general and politician who assumed the Iraqi presidency on 17 Apr 1966, four days after the death of his brother, Pres. ‘Abd al-Salam ‘Arif; he was regarded as a weak president, however, and in July 1968 he was deposed in a Ba’thist coup.

Eddy Arnold (Richard Edward Arnold; “The Tennessee Plowboy”; 15 May 1918, Henderson TN—8 May 2008, Franklin TN), American singer and guitarist who ushered country music, which had been labeled as hillbilly music, into the mainstream; he sold more than 85 million recordings and reigned on the Billboard country charts, with the highest number of top 10 hits (92) and weeks at number one (145), and he was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1966.

Neil Stanley Aspinall (13 Oct 1941, Prestatyn, Wales—24 Mar 2008, New York NY), British accountant and music company executive, who was often called “the Fifth Beatle” because of his distinctive clout as the road manager, trusted personal assistant, and, ultimately, corporate chief executive for the British rock group the Beatles as the head of the band’s record company, Apple Corps Ltd., from 1973.

Brooke Russell Astor (Roberta Brooke Russell; 30 Mar 1902, Portsmouth NH—13Aug2007, Briarcliff Manor NY), American socialite, philanthropist, and writer who presided over the distribution of about US$195 million as president (1959-97) of the Vincent Astor Foundation, which she established with her husband (heir to the fortune of fur magnate and financier John Jacob Astor); in 1996 the New York Landmarks Conservancy named her a “Living Landmark.”

Rafael Azcona (24 Oct 1926, Logrono, Spain—24 Mar 2008, Madrid, Spain), Spanish novelist and screenwriter who penned some 100 screenplays, notably for La Grande Bouffe (1973) and Belle Epoque (1992), which won the Academy Award for best foreign-language film; he was awarded an honorary Goya Award for lifetime achievement in 1998.

Raymond-Octave-Joseph Barre (12 Apr 1924, Saint-Denis, Reunion—25 Aug 2007, Paris, France), French economist and politician who, as minister of finance and economic affairs (1976-78) and prime minister (1976-81) of France, instituted austerity measures to reduce government expenditures and to control inflation and oversaw his country’s entry (1979) into the European Monetary System; among his many honors was admission as a chevalier to the Legion of Honor.

Jeremy James Anthony Gibson Beadle (12 Apr 1948, London, England—30 Jan 2008, London, England), British television personality who hosted the hidden-camera television shows Game for a Laugh (1981-85) and Beadle’s About (1987-96), in which practical jokes were played on members of the public; he was made OBE in 2001.

(Ernst) Ingmar Bergman (14 Jul 1918, Uppsala, Swe-den—30 Jul 2007, Faro, Sweden), Swedish writer-director who achieved worldwide fame for creating films that examine issues of morality by exploring man’s relationship to himself, to others, and to God and were noted for their versatile camera work and fragmented narrative style; though Bergman never won an individual Academy Award (despite nine nominations), three of his movies won Oscars for best foreign language film—Jungfrukallan (1960; The Virgin Spring), Sasom i en spegel (1961; Through a Glass Darkly), and Fanny och Alexander (1983; Fanny and Alexander)—and in 1971 the Academy presented him with a lifetime achievement award; the trilogy he made in the 1960s— Through a Glass Darkly, Nattsvardsgasterna (1962; Winter Light), and Tystnaden (1963; The Silence)— is regarded by many as his crowning achievement. In 1977 he received the Swedish Academy of Letters Great Gold Medal, and in the following year the Swedish Film Institute established a prize in his name.

Benazir Bhutto (21 Jun 1953, Karachi, Pakistan—27 Dec 2007, Rawalpindi, Pakistan), Pakistani politician who, as the prime minister of Pakistan (1988-90 and 1993-96), was the first woman leader of a Muslim country in modern times; though she was admired by many as a progressive, pro-Western politician, her two administrations were both dismissed under accusations of corruption and economic mismanagement. The daughter of Pakistani leader Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, she became the titular head of his opposition Pakistan People’s Party after his execution in 1979; in October 2007 Bhutto returned to Karachi from Dubai after eight years of self-imposed exile, and she was assassinated while campaigning for the upcoming national elections.

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