Daodejing (Tao Te Ching) To Daoist alchemy (Buddhism)

Daodejing (Tao Te Ching) The Daodejing, the Classic of the Way of Power, is perhaps the best-known book of Chinese Daoism and is a classic of world literature and spirituality. It is the most widely translated work from Chinese, translated into English alone more than 30 times. It is organized into two books that total […]

Daoist liturgies and rituals To Dharma Drum Mountain Association (Buddhism)

Daoist liturgies and rituals Daoist liturgies are keyi. A ke originally meant a "rule." A keyi was a liturgical instruction, the actual texts that Daoist priests follow during rituals. Early Daoist collections of the Zhengyi school, the Celestial Masters, founded by Zhang Daol-ing in 142 C.E., included five separate works that included rules. These liturgies […]

Dharmaguptaka school To Dong Zhongshu (Tung Chung-shu) (Buddhism)

Dharmaguptaka school The Dharmaguptaka is one of the 18 schools of early Buddhism that flourished in India. The Dharmaguptaka derived from the Mahisasaka school, which in one version (the Singhalese) was derived from the Theravada. An alternative tradition (the Sammatiya) is that both Dharmaguptaka and Mahisasaka derived from the Mulasarvas-tivadins, a section of the Sthaviravadins. […]

Dosho To Eight immortals (baxian) (Buddhism)

Dosho (629-700) Japanese monk who built the first Hosso hall in Japan Dosho entered the priesthood after his initial studies at Gango-ji, an early Buddhist temple at Asuka (moved to Nara in 718). In 653 he went to China, where he became a student of the famous Chinese traveler and translator Xuan Zang (602-664). Xuan […]

Eihei-ji To Ethics, traditional Buddhist

Eihei-ji Eihei-ji is the lead temple of the Soto Zen community in Japan. It was founded in 1243 by Dogen (1200-53), who had earlier introduced Soto practice from China. As part of his activity to spread Zen, in 1243 Dogen published his book, SHOBOGENZO. In it he argued that Zen was a better form of […]

Europe, Buddhism in To Feng shui

Europe, Buddhism in In 1966, when Kosho Yamamoto made his trip through Europe surveying the spread of Buddhism in the West, he found a fledgling community that was still in its first generation; the oldest Buddhist association was the Buddhist group at Leipzig, Germany, founded by Kurt Seidenstuxker (1876-1936). That picture is radically different from […]

Fenollosa, Ernest Francisco To Festivals, Mongolia (Buddhism)

Fenollosa, Ernest Francisco (1853-1908) American artist and early convert to Buddhism Ernest Francisco Fenellosa, one of the first Americans to convert to Buddhism, was born and raised in Salem, Massachusetts. He later graduated from Harvard (1874) and did postgraduate studies at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. Having received an invitation to teach at the […]

Festivals, sangha-specific To Foguangshan (Buddhism)

Festivals, sangha-specific Certain festival days are not widely celebrated in the culture in general but are important milestones within the Buddhist monastic community (the sangha). This discussion uses the Chinese monastic example but can be said to pertain to Buddhist monastic practice in general. VASSA Vassa, the rains retreat, marks the beginning of the annual […]

Foster, Mary Elizabeth To Ge Hong (Ke Hung) (Buddhism)

Foster, Mary Elizabeth (1844-1930) Buddhist philanthropist in Hawaii A Hawaiian native and member of the royal family, Mary Foster was a founder of the Hawaiian branch of the Theosophical Society as well as a staunch supporter of the Hawaiian queen. She met Angarika Dharmapala, the founder of the Mahabodhi Society, in 1893 and became his […]

Gelug (Yellow Hat school) To Guan Gong (Guang Ti, Kwan Kong) (Buddhism)

Gelug (Yellow Hat school) The Gelug school is a major school of Tibetan Buddhism. The term literally means "virtuous ones." The school began in the 14th century through the efforts of Tsong Khapa (1357-1419), the great teacher from Amdo in central Tibet. Since Tsong Khapa had studied with so many teachers— according to tradition, more […]