HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
Titles that include references to document sequencing are usually inap-
propriate. Simple titles, like "Chapter 2" and "Part VI," do little to help
a user understand what the document might contain. More descript-
ive titles, such as "Chapter 2: Advanced Square Dancing" and "Part VI:
Churchill's Youth and Adulthood," convey both a sense of place within a
larger set of documents and specific content that invites the reader to
read on.
Self-referential titles also aren't very useful. A title such as "Home Page"
is completely content-free, as are titles like "Feedback Page" and "Pop-
ular Links." You want a title to convey a sense of content and purpose
so that users can decide, based upon the title alone, whether to visit
that page. "The Kumquat Lover's Home Page" is descriptive and likely
to draw in lovers of the bitter fruit, as are "Kumquat Lover's Feedback
Page" and "Popular Links Frequented by Kumquat Lovers."
People spend a great deal of time creating documents for the Web, often
only to squander that effort with an uninviting, ineffective title. As spe-
cial software that automatically collects links for users becomes more
prevalent on the Web, the only descriptive phrases associated with your
pages when they are inserted into some vast link database will be the
titles you choose for them. We can't emphasize this enough: take care
to select descriptive, useful, context-independent titles for each of your
documents. The dir and lang attributes
The dir and lang attributes help extend HTML and XHTML to an interna-
tional audience. [ The dir attribute, ] [ The lang attribute, ]
3.7.3. Related Header Tags
Other tags you may include within the <head> tag deal with specific as-
pects of document creation, management, linking, automation, or lay-
out. That's why we only mention them here and describe them in great-
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