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Tree cover change 8 ka BP - 1 ka BP (CLIMBER2-LPJ)
Tree cover change 8 ka BP - 1 ka BP (reconstruction)
Tree cover change 410 ka BP - 0 ka BP LPJ using CCSM3
Tree cover change 410 ka BP - 0 ka BP CLIMBER2-LPJ
tree cover increase
no change
Fig. 2 Modeled and reconstructed tree cover change during the Holocene and MIS 11.3. a 8
1 ka BP, reconstruction (after Kleinen et al. 2011 ); c 410
0 ka BP,
0 ka BP, LPJ using CCSM3 climate. Reconstructed tree cover changes
for MIS 11.3 are shown as squares in c and d (after Kleinen et al. 2014 )
temperatures, for example, ranging from 2
C warmer than prein-
dustrial. For vegetation changes, shown in Fig. 2 c, d for 410 ka BP, the results from
the two models once more agree well, showing a northward shift of the taiga-tundra
boundary in the high northern latitudes. Reconstructions from terrestrial records
(Kleinen et al. 2014 ) show a similar magnitude of climate change, but the coverage
by well-dated high-resolution records is very limited, preventing a model-data
comparison for more than a few points.
C colder to 3
Elsig J, Schmitt J, Leuenberger D, Schneider R, Eyer M, Leuenberger M, Joos F, Fischer H,
Stocker TF (2009) Stable isotope constraints on Holocene carbon cycle changes from an
Antarctic ice core. Nature 461:507
Kleinen T, Brovkin V, von Bloh W, Archer D, Munhoven G (2010) Holocene carbon cycle
dynamics. Geophys Res Lett 37:L02705. doi: 10.1029/2009GL041391
Kleinen T, Tarasov P, Brovkin V, Andreev A, Stebich M (2011) Comparison of modeled and
reconstructed changes in forest cover through the past 8000 years: Eurasian perspective.
Holocene 21(5):723 - 734
Kleinen T, Brovkin V, Schuldt RJ (2012) A dynamic model of wetland extent and peat
accumulation: results for the Holocene. Biogeosciences 9:235 - 248
Kleinen T, Hildebrandt S, Prange M, Rachmayani R, M
ller S, Bezrukova E, Brovkin V, Tarasov P
(2014) The climate and vegetation of marine isotope stage 11
model results and proxy-based
reconstructions at global and regional scale. Quatern Int. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2013.12.028
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