Agriculture Reference
In-Depth Information
germination rate, changes to plant weight and increases in sprout length. Often thought to
be the hormone at work behind the scenes, gibberellin has been known to encourage stem
elongationbyabsorbingadditionalamountsofwater 9 . Ontheotherhand,itisworthnoting
that different research studies state that the effect of weight gain is often highly dependent
on the species being examined. In these cases, weight gain may primarily be due to “water
weight” and in others it may be due to the accelerated growth of new tissue.
Lastly, as a part of the generation of action potentials, comes the plant-based manufacture
of a more commonly known hormone, ethylene. Through chains of biochemical reactions
that take place in response to an increased amount of signaling, the rate of ethylene
production is also accelerated. This one has its own set of beneficial effects including 10 :
• Increased rate of plant maturation 11
• Induced seed ripening
• Induced root hair growth
• Enhanced ripening of fruit 12
• Enhanced initiation of budding and flowering
• Activation of genetically-programmed events
As shown above, growth hormones can be electrochemically stimulated into being both
synthesized and transported throughout the plant. The result is an accumulation of
physiological improvements, building upon previously discussed metabolic and genetic
processes. Electroculture is a way that plants can be tweaked to self-induce the synthesis
of growth hormones. This then becomes a viable alternative for those who are looking to
boost their crop output, organically.
Increased Number of Roots
While plants absorb nutrients, chemicals and water via gases and liquids that enter through
leaves, roots are the primary organ of nutritional uptake. Plant roots are also used in
anchoring the plant to the soil, providing a place for food storage, and inter-plant
communications by way of chemical messages that come from other plants (via root
exudates ) .
In a study of the way electric fields act upon plant roots under laboratory conditions,
Takamura 13 found that the number of lateral root shootings can be used as a measure of
the increased activity of a growing seedling. This is because in comparison to his control
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