Global Warming

Alaska (Global Warming)

The largest and the coldest of the 50 American states, Alaska is already experiencing the effects of climate change. The state, which is located in the extreme northwestern portion of the North American continent, normally experiences temperatures ranging from minus 60 degrees F (minus 51 degrees C) in the winter to more than 90 degrees […]

Alaska Climate Research Center (Global Warming)

The Alaska climate Research Center is a research and service organization at the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks. Established and funded by the State of Alaska, the center conducts research focusing on the climate of Alaska and other polar regions. It also houses an archive of Alaska climate data. The primary concern […]

Albania (Global Warming)

Albania is a small and relatively underdeveloped country in southeast Europe. Since the collapse of the Communist government there in 1991, Albania has transformed itself from an isolated country to one whose government has sought to take an active part in European affairs. The country has a population of 3.6 million (2007), and covers 11,100 […]

Albedo (Global Warming)

Albedo originates from a Latin word albus, which means white. Albedo is the amount of sunlight (of all wavelengths) that is reflected back from an object or a substance. The more the amount of light reflected back, the brighter the color of the object. A lesser amount of light is reflected back from darker objects. […]

Algeria (Global Warming)

Algeria is a North African country that was occupied by France until 1962. It experienced a major insurgency from 1992 until 2002, resulting in the deaths of up to 160,000 people. It covers a land area of 919,595 sq. mi. (2,381,741 sq. km.) and has a population of 33,333,216 (2007 est.), of which 96 percent […]

Alliance of Small Island States (Global Warming)

The alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) is an umbrella lobby and negotiating body representing the interests of low-lying and small island states at the level of the United Nations. AOSIS has played an important role in shaping international climate change policy by ensuring that the concerns of small island developing states are represented on […]

Alliance to Save Energy (Global Warming)

Established in 1977, the Alliance to Save Energy (ASE) is a nonprofit coalition of business, government, environmental, and consumer leaders. The ASE supports energy efficiency as a cost-effective energy resource under existing market conditions and endorses energy-efficiency policies that reduce costs to society and individual consumers, and that limit greenhouse gas emissions and their impact […]

Alternative Energy, Ethanol (Global Warming)

With increasing uncertainty in the global fuel market, the search for gasoline substitutes is becoming more and more important. One viable option is using ethanol as an alternative fuel, unlike fossil fuels, it is a renewable energy source. There are many chemical compounds that make up ethanol; the molecules contain a hydroxyl group, and are […]

Alternative Energy, Overview (Global Warming)

We use energy to grow our food, power our vehicles, and run the appliances in our homes, schools, and workplaces. Over the past two centuries, industrial societies have used inexpensive, and readily available, sources of energy to fuel urbanization and economic development. This growth has created, at least in some countries, the highest level of […]

Alternative Energy, Solar (Global Warming)

Solar energy refers to forms of energy emitted by the sun, including light, radio waves, and x-rays. Accounting for 99.8 percent of the mass in our solar system, the sun is a self-sustaining nuclear fusion reaction by which hydrogen is converted to helium. Every second, the sun converts over 4 million metric tons of matter […]