Geologic Disasters

Measuring Earthquakes The seismologists Beno Gutenberg and Charles Francis Richter introduced measurementoftheseismicen-ergy released by earthquakes on a magnitude scale in 1935. Each increase of one unit on the scale represents a 10-fold increase in the magnitude of an earthquake. Seismographs are designed to measure different components ofseismic waves, such as wave type, intensity, and duration. […]