New Jersey

African Methodist Episcopal Church To Agriculture (New Jersey)

African Methodist Episcopal Church. The nation’s oldest black religious denomination, the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church was founded in 1816 in Philadelphia by Richard Allen (1760-1831), its first bishop. Born a slave in Philadelphia, Allen was raised in Dover, Delaware, where his family had been sold to another slave owner. By his early twenties, with […]

Airports To Alexander, Archibald (New Jersey)

Airports. New Jersey’s first major airport was Newark International (now known as Newark Liberty International Airport). Built by the city of Newark on sixty-eight acres of marshland, it opened for commercial service on October 1,1928. It quickly became the busiest airport in the world, the major airline and airmail terminal for the East Coast. In […]

Alexander, James To Alpha (New Jersey)

Alexander, James (b. May 27,1691; d. Apr. 2,1756). Lawyer, public official, reformer. Born in Muthil, Perthshire, Scotland, and trained as an engineer, Alexander emigrated in 1715 and quickly obtained successive appointments as surveyor general of East Jersey, West Jersey, and New York. These positions facilitated his acquisition of vast tracts of land; Alexandria Township in […]

Alpine To American Indians (New Jersey)

Alpine. 6.37-square-mile borough in Bergen County. Located along the Hudson River atop the Palisades, Alpine is one of the wealthiest communities in the nation. It was originally part of Hackensack Township (1693-1775) and later part of Harrington Township (1775-1903); Alpine Borough was incorporated in 1903. In 1904 the eastern portion of Cresskill was ceded to […]

American Littoral Society To American Revolution (New Jersey)

American Littoral Society. Based in Sandy Hook, the American Littoral Society (ALS) is a national, nonprofit environmental watchdog group with more than six thousand members. It was founded in 1962 by fishermen and divers worried about development and water quality; since then the ALS has played a role in the enactment of key legislation affecting […]

American Standard Corporation To Apex Beauty Products Company (New Jersey)

American Standard Corporation. The American Standard Corporation was formed in 1928 with the merger of two major heating and plumbing supply manufacturers, American Radiator of Buffalo, New York, and Standard Sanitary Manufacturing Corporation of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, becoming American Radiator and Standard Sanitary Corporation. In 1929, company president Theodore Ahern purchased the Thomas Maddock’s Sons sanitary […]

Appalachian Mountains To Architecture (New Jersey)

Appalachian Mountains. The remains of an ancient mountain belt in the eastern United States that resulted from the collision of lithospheric plates at the close of the Paleozoic era about 250 million years ago. The Appalachian system extends from northern Georgia and Alabama northeast to New England and the Canadian Maritimes. In north-central New Jersey, […]

Archives To Ashbridge, Elizabeth (New Jersey)

Archives. New Jersey has thousands of collections of records from the past, which provide valuable information to historians, scholars, genealogists, and other researchers. Most of these collections are preserved in special repositories known as archives. An archive is a special library established by an institution to collect and preserve its own records and history. The […]

Ashby, George To Atlantic City and Shore Railroad (New Jersey)

Ashby, George (b. Jan. 25,1844; d. Apr. 29, 1946). Farmer and soldier. In August 1864, Burlington-born George Ashby, an African American living in Crosswicks, enlisted as a private in the Forty-fifth United States Colored Infantry. He served in Virginia and Texas until mustered out in November 1865 as first sergeant of the Forty-fifth Colored Infantry’s […]

Atlantic City Bacharach Giants To Auto racing (New Jersey)

Atlantic City Bacharach Giants. The Atlantic City Bacharach Giants baseball team was a founding member of the second major Negro League, the Eastern Colored League, which was established in 1923. This outstanding team represented their league in the 1926 and 1927 Negro League World Series. In 1916, during the "Great Migration” of blacks from the […]