Dynamic Behavior of Materials

ABSTRACT Synthetic soft polymer gels have many advantages over protein-based gels that are derived from animal collagen and bones such as stability at room temperature and prolonged shelf life. In addition, the ability to tailor the formulations and processes of synthetic gel to control mechanical properties both isotropically or anisotropically is another essential feature in […]

A Kolsky Torsion Bar Technique for Characterization of Dynamic Shear Response of Soft Materials (Dynamic Behavior of Materials)

ABSTRACT A novel Kolsky torsion bar technique is developed and successfully utilized to characterize the high strain rate shear response of a rate-independent end-linked polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) gel rubber with a shear modulus of ~10 KPa. The results show that the specimen deforms uniformly under constant strain rate and the measured dynamic shear modulus well follows […]

Loading Rate Effect on the Tensile Failure of Concrete and Its Constituents using Diametrical Compression and Direct Tension (Dynamic Behavior of Materials) Part 1

ABSTRACT The loading rate effect on the tensile failure strength of concrete and its constituent materials has been investigated. Concrete is inherently weaker in tension than compression so tensile failure represents the dominant failure mode. Understanding the failure characteristics of concrete, particularly at high loading rate, is important for developing modeling capabilities, in particular for […]

Loading Rate Effect on the Tensile Failure of Concrete and Its Constituents using Diametrical Compression and Direct Tension (Dynamic Behavior of Materials) Part 2

Granite The tensile strength of the granite samples was evaluated at the low, intermediate and high loading rates using the diametric compression technique. These results are presented in figure 11. At low rate the mean tensile strength was approximately 15MPa. This increased to approximately 21MPa for the intermediate loading rate and to 22.5MPa at high […]

Influence of strain-rate and confining pressure on the shear strength of concrete (Dynamic Behavior of Materials)

ABSTRACT The paper presents an experimental method used to investigate the shear behaviour of concrete and rock-like materials in quasi-static and dynamic loading. This method is based on the use of Punch-Through Shear (PTS) specimen and a passive confining cell. PTS sample is a short cylinder in which two cylindrical notches are performed. The displacement […]

Dynamic Tensile Properties of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete (Dynamic Behavior of Materials)

ABSTRACT This paper presents experimental results on three kinds of concretes, plain concrete (PC), 1.5% and 3% steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC), subjected to dynamic tensile loading. The cylinder splitting (Brazilian disc) specimens are loaded by a modified Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) with various loading rates (100~500 GPa/s). From the experiments it is found […]

Effect of Liquid Environment on Dynamic Constitutive Response of Reinforced Gels (Dynamic Behavior of Materials)

ABSTRACT Quasi-static and dynamic compressive behavior of three different types of hydrogels used for soft tissue applications are tested using a modified split Hopkinson pressure bar. Three kinds of hydrogels: (a) Epoxy hydrogels, (b) Epoxy hydrogels reinforced with definite orientation of three-dimensional polyurethane fibers and (c) fumed silica nano particles reinforced hydrogels with different weight […]

Ballistic Gelatin Characterization and Constitutive Modeling (Dynamic Behavior of Materials)

ABSTRACT Ballistic gelatin is widely used as a soft tissue simulant for non-penetrating and penetrating, and the mechanical properties of gelatin are known to be highly sensitive to strain rate and temperature. Mechanical compression testing was undertaken across a range of strain rates at constant temperature to evaluate the material response. The material strength and […]

Strain Rate Response of Cross-Linked Polymer Epoxies under Uni-Axial Compression (Dynamic Behavior of Materials)

ABSTRACT The strain rate responses of several cross-linked polymer epoxy materials were investigated under uni-axial compression at low to high strain rates. The properties of the epoxy were tailored through a variety of monomer choices including aromatic, which provide stiff, high glass transition structural materials, and aliphatic, which can form elastomers. The molecular weight and […]

Strength and Failure Energy for Adhesive Interfaces as a Function of Loading Rate (Dynamic Behavior of Materials) Part 1

ABSTRACT Adhesives are used to bond different materials to resist impact and penetration. This adhesive bond layer is a frequent source of failure when subjected to impact loadings. Therefore, it is necessary to measure the cohesive strength and failure behavior, especially at high loading rates. Experimental methods are limited in characterizing the mechanical behavior of […]