The Solid Earth

Introduction
Introduction
Introduction
Introduction
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Past plate motions
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Seismology Measuring the interior
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Gravity
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Geochronology
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
Heat
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The deep interior of the Earth
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
The continental lithosphere
Scalars, vectors and differential operators
Scalars, vectors and differential operators
Scalars, vectors and differential operators
Scalars, vectors and differential operators
Scalars, vectors and differential operators
Theory of elasticity and elastic waves
Theory of elasticity and elastic waves
Theory of elasticity and elastic waves
Theory of elasticity and elastic waves
Theory of elasticity and elastic waves
Theory of elasticity and elastic waves
Theory of elasticity and elastic waves
Theory of elasticity and elastic waves
Theory of elasticity and elastic waves
Theory of elasticity and elastic waves
Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves
Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves
Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves
Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves
Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves
Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves
The least-squares method
The least-squares method
The error function
The error function
Units and symbols
Units and symbols
Units and symbols
Units and symbols
Units and symbols
Units and symbols
Units and symbols
Units and symbols
Numerical data
Numerical data
The IASP91 Earth Model
The Preliminary Reference Earth Model, isotropic version – PREM
The Preliminary Reference Earth Model, isotropic version – PREM
The Preliminary Reference Earth Model, isotropic version – PREM
The Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale (abridged version)
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary
Glossary