Introduction |

Introduction |

Introduction |

Introduction |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Tectonics on a sphere: the geometry of plate tectonics |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Past plate motions |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Seismology Measuring the interior |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Gravity |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Geochronology |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

Heat |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The deep interior of the Earth |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The oceanic lithosphere: ridges, transforms, trenches and oceanic islands |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

The continental lithosphere |

Scalars, vectors and differential operators |

Scalars, vectors and differential operators |

Scalars, vectors and differential operators |

Scalars, vectors and differential operators |

Scalars, vectors and differential operators |

Theory of elasticity and elastic waves |

Theory of elasticity and elastic waves |

Theory of elasticity and elastic waves |

Theory of elasticity and elastic waves |

Theory of elasticity and elastic waves |

Theory of elasticity and elastic waves |

Theory of elasticity and elastic waves |

Theory of elasticity and elastic waves |

Theory of elasticity and elastic waves |

Theory of elasticity and elastic waves |

Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves |

Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves |

Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves |

Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves |

Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves |

Geometry of ray paths and inversion of earthquake body-wave time–distance curves |

The least-squares method |

The least-squares method |

The error function |

The error function |

Units and symbols |

Units and symbols |

Units and symbols |

Units and symbols |

Units and symbols |

Units and symbols |

Units and symbols |

Units and symbols |

Numerical data |

Numerical data |

The IASP91 Earth Model |

The Preliminary Reference Earth Model, isotropic version – PREM |

The Preliminary Reference Earth Model, isotropic version – PREM |

The Preliminary Reference Earth Model, isotropic version – PREM |

The Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale (abridged version) |

Glossary |

Glossary |

Glossary |

Glossary |

Glossary |

Glossary |

Glossary |

Glossary |

Glossary |

Glossary |

Glossary |