there. “Genocide” is now our term of choice to designate collective murder,
even though it technically refers to an atempt to decimate members of a
particular race or ethnic group. We need another term to specify violence that
arises from different motives or spills over particular ethnic boundaries. For a
reliable guide to the recent history of Darfur, see Julie Flint and Alex De Waal,
Darfur: A New History of a Long War , revised (New York: Zed Books, 2008).
112 . For a classic discussion of these themes, see Shoshana Feldman and Dori
Laub, Testimony: Crises of Witnessing in Literature, Psychoanalysis and History
(New York: Routledge, 1992). For a broader history of constructions of
trauma, see Ruth Leys, Trauma: A Genealogy (Chicago: University of Chicago
113. The “nuclear era,” of course, is by no means over, since technically the
possibility still remains that one or more powers could use nuclear weapons.
Nevertheless, the fear of nuclear war between the great powers no longer
defines our moment (although the international community continues to
worry about nuclear proliferation and nuclear terror), and accordingly I will
describe the “nuclear era” using the past tense.