Image Processing Reference
This scale defines the shape dimension in the direction θ k . The ICI rule is applied in all eight
directions and thereby a neighborhood
for the pixel position x is found. This neighbor-
hood can now be used for denoising.
3.3 Shape-adaptive DCT and Denoising via Hard Thresholding
The shape of the neighborhood is found for each pixel. Now the SA-DCT must be applied on
the Bayer data to perform the denoising. Therefore the Bayer data is separated into the four
sub-channels, R , G 1 , G 2 , and B , which each contain fourth of the total number of pixels.
is obtained by thresholding in the SA-DCT domain with the threshold parameter t x set to
The constant k thr regulates the denoising strength. The global estimate is given by a weighted
average of the local estimates.
The weights w x are calculated based on the size of the neighborhood
and the noise variance
σ 2 . A smaller neighborhood gets higher weights, thus fine details are preserved. is the
number of non-zero coefficients after thresholding, thus sparse solutions are preferred over