Image Processing Reference
In-Depth Information
The Kullback-Leibler divergence ([ 6 ] ) is defined as:
All these similarity/dissimilarity measures are based on the point-wise comparisons of the
probability density functions. As a result, they are inherently local comparison measures of
the density functions. They perform well on smooth, Gaussian-like distributions. However, on
discrete and multimodal distributions, they may not reflect the similarities and can be sensit-
ive to noises and small perturbations in data.
Example 1
Let p be the simple discrete distribution with a single point mass at the origin and q the
perturbed version with the mass shifted by a ( Figure 1 ).
FIGURE 1 Two distributions.
The Bhatacharyya ainity and divergence values are easy to calculate:
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