Geoscience Reference
In-Depth Information
Similar Polarities
For dielectric particles and the repulsive Coulomb potential, Eq. 3.113 gives
e u
".a/ D
. u /d u ;
where u " and . u " / are the roots of the set of two simultaneous equations,
C S./ D 0
" C 1 S./:
u D
1/ 2 C
. 2
At large ,Eq. 3.157 gives
".a/ e u "
. u " /:
So the problem is just to find u " and 2
. u " /. It is easy to do. The results are
presented in Table 3.1 .
Results and Discussion
We have proposed a comprehensive kinetic approach for studying the charging of
dielectric aerosol particles in the free molecule regime. A compact exact expression
is derived for the enhancement factor ".a/ that shows how strong is the influence
of the particle and ion charges on the efficiency of particle charging. In addition
to the exact result (Eq. 3.146 ), we derived simplified asymptotic expressions for
the enhancement factor. Our numerical analysis has shown that these expressions
can be used up to particle sizes of the order of the Coulomb length l c D ˇe 2 with
precision better than 5%. The most simple result has been obtained for charging a
neutral particle. In this case the asymptotic result looks as follows (Eq. 3.153 ):
s ˇq 2 e 2
" C 2
2" C 3 C
" 1
" C 2 :
".a/ 2
The dependencies of ".a/ on the particle size at different dielectric permeabilities
" are displayed in Fig. 3.8 . It is seen that the smaller the particle, the stronger the
influence of the dielectric permeability.
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