HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
autofocus ( autofocus="autofocus" in XHTML)
Not in HTML 4.01 . Indicates the control should have focus (be highlighted and ready for
user input) when the document loads.
cols=" number
number "
Specifies the expected maximum number of characters per line. Visual browsers wrap the
user's input so each line is less than the cols value. If wrap is set to hard , then the cols
attribute is required.
dirname=" name of input field
name of input field "
Not in HTML 4.01 . Specifies the name of an input field that has text direction ( ltr or
rtl ) instructions for the textarea .
disabled ( disabled="disabled" in XHTML)
Disables the control for user input. It can be altered only via a script. Browsers may dis-
play disabled controls differently (grayed out, for example), which could be useful for
dimming certain controls until required info is supplied.
form=" id of form owner
id of form owner "
Not in HTML 4.01 . Explicitly associates the textarea control with its associated form
(its form owner ). With this method, the textarea does not need to be a child of the form
element that applies to it.
Not in HTML 4.01 . Indicates what kind of input mechanism would be most helpful for
users entering content into the form control. Applies to the text and search input types.
maxlength=" number
number "
Not in HTML 4.01 . Specifies the maximum number of characters the user can input for
the textarea element.
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