HTML and CSS Reference
autofocus ( autofocus="autofocus" in XHTML)
Not in HTML 4.01 . Indicates the control should have focus (be highlighted and ready for
user input) when the document loads.
Specifies the expected maximum number of characters per line. Visual browsers wrap the
user's input so each line is less than the cols value. If wrap is set to hard , then the cols
attribute is required.
dirname=" name of input field
name of input field "
Not in HTML 4.01 . Specifies the name of an input field that has text direction ( ltr or
rtl ) instructions for the textarea .
disabled ( disabled="disabled" in XHTML)
Disables the control for user input. It can be altered only via a script. Browsers may dis-
play disabled controls differently (grayed out, for example), which could be useful for
dimming certain controls until required info is supplied.
form=" id of form owner
id of form owner "
Not in HTML 4.01 . Explicitly associates the textarea control with its associated form
(its form owner ). With this method, the textarea does not need to be a child of the form
element that applies to it.
Not in HTML 4.01 . Indicates what kind of input mechanism would be most helpful for
users entering content into the form control. Applies to the text and search input types.
Not in HTML 4.01 . Specifies the maximum number of characters the user can input for
the textarea element.