Graphics Programs Reference
The process of making a photo look better is
often referred to as retouching (while repairing
damaged photos is referred to as restoration).
Because there are many different problems that
can manifest in a photo, Photoshop offers several
tools with which to respond. Knowing which
tool to use is often a dilemma, but with a little bit
of study and practice the process can be greatly
accelerated. Let's explore how the tools work
and give them a try. But first, realize that most of
these tools use a paintbrush behavior. Be sure your painting tools
are set to Brush size and your other tools to Precise in the Prefer-
ences dialog box (Edit > Preferences). This will allow you to better
see your tools as you move them in your image.
Clone Stamp Tool
The Clone Stamp tool works by replacing unwanted or damaged
pixels with good pixels that you target. It's a popular tool that is
relatively easy to use and achieves accurate results. The Clone
Stamp tool allows you to set a sample point (where the good pixels
are taken from), and then paint into bad areas (to cover up dam-
age or blemishes). This technique is very powerful, because the
Photoshop paint engine can use soft brushes, which can soften the
stamp's edge, making the strokes more believable as they blend
1. Open the Ch11_Clone.tif file from the Chapter 11 folder. You'll
notice a distracting dark area in the upper-right corner.
2. Activate the Clone Stamp tool by pressing S. Roll over the
tool's icon and be sure you have not accidentally activated
the Pattern Stamp tool.
3. Select a soft-edged brush from the Options bar or Brush panel.
If needed, modify an existing brush. A brush around 200
pixels wide works well.