Java Reference
In-Depth Information
Chapter 12
Interfaces and Nested Classes
• Learn what an interface is.
• Study interfaces that provide comparisons: Comparable and Comparator .
• Study interfaces for enumerating data: Enumerator and Iteration .
• Learn about nested static classes, inner classes, and anonymous classes.
• Learn about the flattened view of nested classes, which is used by Java.
We study two object-oriented features of Java. The interface provides a way of
ensuring syntactically (at compile time) that a class contains certain methods. The
nested class allows one to define one class inside another. This means that an
object of the inner class can reside in an object of the outer class, allowing the
inner-class object to reference directly the components of the outer-class object.
The two features are independent, and either can be studied first.
In Chap. 4, we discussed the notion of an abstract class, like the following one:
Lesson page
public abstract class C {
public abstract void doIt( int par);
public abstract int giveInt( char c);
Methods doIt and giveInt are abstract —first, because they include keyword
abstract ; second, because their bodies have been replaced by semicolons. Any
(non-abstract) class that extends C must implement these two methods.
We now introduce another mechanism, the Java interface , which provides
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