Java Reference
In-Depth Information
2147483649 , but in Java it evaluates to -2147483647 !
Integer.MAX_VALUE + 2 overflow occurs!
In your first programs, overflow will not be an issue. Just be aware that
expressions in Java yield a value that is determined by the type of the expression,
and if you try to produce a number outside the range of that type, overflow
occurs and your answers are probably not correct.
Integer division
Division, as in 7/2 , yields a value of type int . Hence, the value of 7/2
cannot be 3.5 . Instead, the value is truncated toward 0 to produce an int :
7/2 has the value 3
-7 / 2 has the value -3
This will seem strange at first, but you will get used to it. Just remember that,
because Java expressions are defined in the context of being evaluated on a com-
puter, within Java programs (and indeed most programming languages), the rules
are slightly different from conventional mathematics.
Finding out more about type int and its relation to other Java types
This section is a brief introduction to type int . It does not discuss its rela-
tion to other types that deal with integers. This introduction should satisfy your
needs for weeks to come. However, at some point you should investigate such
“integral types”. Chapter 6 contains a complete discussion of such types and
should be used as a reference.
Type double
Numbers written with a decimal point are of type double . Here are examples:
Lesson page
5. 4.3 .00000001
Java uses scientific notation to make double numbers like the rightmost one on
the line above easier to read. The rightmost number can be written as:
Here, E stands for “exponent”, and the integer following it indicates how many
places to move the decimal point —in this case, 8 decimal places to the left. The
corresponding mathematical scientific notation would be 1*10 -8 . As another
example, 0.05E6 is equal to 50000 : the E6 indicates to move the decimal point
6 places to the right.
Think about double values as approximations to the “real numbers”. They
are approximations because the number of digits that can be used is finite, while
a real number can have an infinite number of digits. For example, the fraction
1/3 is 0.33333... , where the dots ... represent an infinite number of 3 s. But
Tip: See the
glossary for a
definition of
scientific nota-
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