Processing time reduction in kernel mode
kernel mode. The reduction was 8% for Water, 11% for Radix, and 21% for Barnes,
In addition to the improved performance, the reduction in the acknowledged
interrupts is expected to be effective for saving power. In sleep mode in particular,
the redundant interrupt handling leads to wasted power used to wake up the cores
and put them in sleep mode.
RP-X Prototype Chip
A heterogeneous multicore is one of the most promising approaches to attain high
performance with low frequency and power for consumer electronics or scientific
applications. The RP-X is the latest prototype multicore chip with eight SH-X4
cores [ 18- 20 ] (see Sect. 3.1.8 ), four Flexible Engine/Generic ALU Arrays (FE-GAs)
[ 21, 22 ], two MX-2 matrix processors [ 23 ], a video processing unit 5 (VPU5)
[ 24, 25 ], and various peripheral modules. It was fabricated using 45-nm CMOS
process. The RP-X achieved 13.7 GIPS at 648 MHz by the eight SH-X4 cores mea-
sured using the Dhrystone 2.1 benchmark and a total of 114.7 GOPS with 3.07 W.
It attained a power efficiency of 37.3 GOPS/W.
RP-X Speci fi cations
The RP-X specifications are summarized in Table 4.6 . It was fabricated using a
45-nm CMOS process, integrating eight SH-X4 cores, four FE-GAs, two MX-2s,
one VPU5, one SPU, and various peripheral modules as a heterogeneous multicore
SoC, which is one of the most promising approaches to attain high performance
with low frequency and power, for consumer electronics or scientific applications.