application = pageContext.getServletContext();
config = pageContext.getServletConfig();
session = pageContext.getSession();
out = pageContext.getOut();
You have seen many examples of how the out object is used. It is used to write into the output
stream that is delivered back to the client. The most common use is to use the out.println()
method, passing it HTML text that will be displayed in the client's browser. Most of your out-
put will be presented to the client in the out.println() method. Listing 15.5 contains an
example of how you use the implicit out object.
L ISTING 15.5
<%@ page errorPage=”errorpage.jsp” %>
// Print a simple message using the implicit out object.
Copy this file to the < SERVER_ROOT >/djs/ directory and then open your browser to the follow-
http:// localhost /djs/UseOut.jsp
You should now see a page similar to Figure 15.4.
The config Object
The implicit config object represents the ServletConfig , which defines a servlet-engine-
generated object that contains configuration information. The configuration information that
this servlet will have access to is the ServletContext object, which describes the context
within which the generated servlet will be running. You can see how the config object is ini-
tialized in the following code snippet:
ServletConfig config = null;
JspWriter out = null;
Object page = this;