Travel Reference
In-Depth Information
1908 The Chicago Cubs win their second World Series. They haven't
won one since.
1917 The Chicago White Sox win the World Series—and they also
haven't won one since.
1920-33 During Prohibition, Chicago becomes a “wide-open town;”
rival mobs battle violently throughout the city for control of distri-
bution and sale of illegal alcohol.
1931 Notorious Chicago gangster Al Capone finally goes to jail—for
tax evasion.
1942 Scientists, led by Enrico Fermi, create the world's first nuclear
chain reactions under Stagg Field at the University of Chicago.
1955 Richard J. Daley begins his term as mayor; he is widely regarded
as the “last of the big-city bosses.”
1960 John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon hold the first televised pres-
idential debate in WBBM-TV's studios.
1966 Civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., moves to Chicago to
lead a fair-housing campaign.
1974 The 1,454-foot Sears Tower is completed, becoming the tallest
building in the world.
1979 Jane Byrne becomes the first woman elected mayor of Chicago.
1983 Harold Washington becomes the first African-American mayor
of Chicago.
1986 The Chicago Bears win their only Super Bowl.
1999 Michael Jordan, arguably the best basketball player ever, retires
(for the second time) after leading the Chicago Bulls to six NBA cham-
pionships in the previous 8 years.
2000 The Goodman Theatre opens its new $46 million theater com-
plex in the Loop, completing the revitalization of the downtown
theater district.
2004 Millennium Park, Chicago's largest public works project in
decades, opens at the north end of Grant Park. The centerpiece—a
steel-sheathed band shell—is designed by architect Frank Gehry.
biking, 'blading, or simply being.
So get out there and enjoy the
country's “third coast.” See
“Enjoying the 'Third Coast':
Chicago's Beaches,” in chapter 8.
Getting the Blues: Even kids can
get the blues, thanks to alcohol-
and smoke-free nights at Blue
Chicago (p. 255), one of the city's
many fabled blues venues. The
blues is the first original music of
America and the basis for rock 'n'
roll. It's an authentic piece of
Chicago's heart and soul that you
absolutely should not miss. If you
want to learn more before your
arrival in Chicago, read Blues For
Dummies, written by the father-
and-son team of Lonnie Brooks
and Wayne Baker Brooks, two of
Chicago's beloved blues musicians.
Rooting for the Home Team:
Win or lose (and sorry to say, his-
torically speaking, it's usually
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