HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
2.2. A First HTML Document
It seems every programming language book ever written starts off with
a simple example on how to display the message, "Hello, World!" Well,
you won't see a "Hello, World!" example in this topic. After all, this is a
style guide for the new millennium. Instead, ours sends greetings to the
World Wide Web:
<html>
<head>
<title>My first HTML document</title>
</head>
<body>
<h2>My first HTML document</h2>
Hello, <i>World Wide Web!</i>
<! No "Hello, World" for us >
<p>
Greetings from<br>
<a href="http://www.ora.com">O'Reilly</a>
<p>
Composed with care by:
<cite>(insert your name here)</cite>
<br>&copy;2000 and beyond
</body>
</html>
Go ahead: type in the example HTML source on a fresh word processing
page and save it on your local disk as myfirst.html . Make sure you select
to save it in plain text format; word processor-specific file formats like
Microsoft Word's .doc files save hidden characters that can confuse the
browser software and disrupt your HTML document's display.
After saving myfirst.html (or myfirst.htm , if you are using archaic DOS-
or Windows 3.11-based file-naming conventions) onto disk, start up your
browser and locate and open the file from the program's File menu. Your
screen should look like Figure 2-1 . Though look-and-feel elements such
 
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