HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information Align and <center> are deprecated
The HTML 4 and XHTML standards have deprecated the align attribute
for all tags, including <img> , in deference to stylesheets. They've de-
precated <center> , too. Nonetheless, the attribute and tag are very pop-
ular among HTML authors and remain well supported by the popular
browsers. So, while we do expect that someday both align and <center>
will disappear, it won't be anytime soon. Just don't say we didn't warn
What if you don't want to use align or <center> ? Some authors and
many of the WYSIWYG editors use HTML/XHTML tables to align content.
That's one way, albeit involved (see Chapter 10 ). The World Wide
Web Consortium (W3C) wants you to use styles. For example, use the
margin-left style to indent the image from the left side of the display.
You can read lots more about Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) in Chapter
8 . The border attribute
Browsers normally render images that also are hyperlinks (i.e., images
included in an <a> tag) with a 2-pixel-wide colored border, indicating
to the reader that he can select the image to visit the associated doc-
ument. Use the border attribute and a pixel-width thickness value to
remove ( border=0 ) or widen that image border. Be aware that this
attribute, too, is deprecated in HTML 4 and XHTML, in deference to
stylesheets, but continues to be well supported by the popular browsers.
Figure 5-17 shows you the thick and thin of image borders, as rendered
by Internet Explorer from the following XHTML source:
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