Tlaxcala: Faithful Allies to Cortes
History books imply that Cortes, with a small Spanish army, defeated the Aztecs because of
superior armor, horses, guns and the belief that Cortes was the returning god, Quetzalcoatl.
The question of “deity” was quickly dismissed. He had sixteen horses, two of which were
killed in the first battle, and he led an army of 400 men. He conquered Mexico City, a city
of a quarter million people, and dominated a land inhabited by over fifteen million people.