HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
Typically the best way to get on the Web is
You can use relative paths or URLs in
your <a> element's href attribute to link to
other web pages. For other pages in your
site, it's best to use relative paths, and use
URLs for external links.
A domain name is a unique name, like or, that is
used to identify a site.
Use the id attribute to create a destination
in a page. Use # followed by a destination
id to link to that location in a page.
A hosting company can create one or more
web servers in your domain. Servers are
often named “www”.
To help accessibility, use the title attribute
to provide a description of the link in <a>
The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a
common means of transferring your web
pages and content to a server.
Use the target attribute to open a link in
another browser window. Don't forget that
the target attribute can be problematic
for users on a variety of devices and
alternative browsers.
FTP applications, like Fetch for Mac or
WS_FTP for Windows, can make using
FTP easier by providing a graphical user
A URL is a Uniform Resource Locator, or
web address, that can be used to identify
any resource on the Web.
A typical URL consists of a protocol, a
website name, and an absolute path to the
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HTTP is a request and response protocol
used to transfer web pages between a web
server and your browser.
read pages from your computer.
An absolute path is the path from the root
“index.html” and “default.htm” are
examples of default pages. If you specify
server will look for a default page to return
to the browser.
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