Geography Reference
In-Depth Information
the elders especially for the future of the children as a form of preservation. A CD
has already been made.
Food: Sources of food include manioc, sweet potato, banana, sugar cane, orange,
guava, beans, rice, and beef.
Area: Our reservation comprises 920.66 hectares of demarcated land, part of an
environmental preservation area in the Mata Atlântica [Altantic Forest]. We have
several waterfalls and mountains. Our land is very beautiful.
Submitted by Guarani teachers Odílio, Santa, and Daisy, Área Indígena Boa
Thought and study alone did not produce the generative themes offered above by
Guarani teachers Odílio, Santa, and Daisy of the Área Indígena Boa Vista in the
Municipality of Ubatuba on the north coast of the state of São Paulo. Like theirs,
the maps and information conveyed in the collective atlas are rooted in concrete
situations and describe in rich detail the economic, cultural, social and political
rights that are enshrined in various human rights declarations and conventions.
Land, people, water, education, language, food, and health, all basic human
rights, are the generative themes the Indigenous and non-Indigenous teachers
came up with in their dialogues, a reflection of both their cosmologies and
conditions of life. Such generative themes informed the construction of the
chart “Indigenous Peoples of the State of São Paulo,” shown below in Table 4.1 ,
which conveys, among other things, the Guarani people's development rights,
in terms of their right to define and decide on their own development priorities,
including their subsistence activities, religious and artistic practices, and how
to best protect their land and natural resources (see detailed information in
Chapter 3).
Odílio Warã's map, shown in Fig. 4.5 , links together his people's basic rights
to land, water, education, religion, and food. His portrayal of the Boa Vista
Village shows the prayer house linked to the school and the river, which are
connected to the path leading to the vegetable garden. But as Odílio himself
explained when he presented his drawing to workshop participants, “We're lucky
to have our land demarcated, when there are many Guarani living in favelas in
São Paulo.” Paulo Freire's pedagogy of the oppressed, which is “the pedagogy
of people engaged in the fight for their own liberation” (2006:53), has its roots
deeply grounded in Odílio's map and in his colleagues' narrative shown above.
Familiar with their situation of oppression, the Guarani recognize, or begin to
recognize, the need to develop their own educational ideas and related resources.
In this respect, after unveiling the everyday world of oppression Indigenous
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