HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
Figure 4-19 shows the quotation from Listing 4-31, complete with automatic punctuation.
Figure 4-19. The browser generates the quotation marks before and after the q element
Required Attributes
The q element doesn't have any required attributes.
Optional Attributes
cite : The URL of the quotation's original source.
The dfn element denotes the defining instance of a term, especially one that may reoccur throughout the
rest of the document. If the term is defined in context, the dfn element alone is enough to indicate that a
new word has been introduced. If the term's meaning isn't made clear by the adjacent text, you should
include a brief definition in a title attribute. Browsers usually display a dfn in an italicized font to set it off
from the surrounding text.
Listing 4-32 shows an example of a dfn element that includes a short definition in its title attribute.
Listing 4-32. A dfn element with a definition in its title attribute
<p>For added coverage, protection, and identity obfuscation, select
from our wide variety of <dfn title="A head covering combining a hood
and a collar or mantle">cowl</dfn> designs. We have cowls with ears,
horns, wings, spikes, lightning bolts, or even plain; whatever your
motif, we can hide your face in style.</p>
Required Attributes
There are no required attributes for the dfn element.
Optional Attributes
The dfn element doesn't have any optional attributes.
The abbr element indicates an abbreviation—a shortened form of a lengthy term. For example, etc. is an
abbreviation of et cetera (the Latin phrase meaning “and so forth”), and Inc. is an abbreviation of
Incorporated . Abbreviations can also be formed from the initial letters of a multiword phrase such as ATM
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