HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
Web browsers usually display the contents of a cite element in an italicized font, as shown in Figure 4-18,
but—wait for it—you can change that with CSS. In the case of names that should not be italicized, you
could use a class attribute to distinguish cited names from cited titles: <cite class= " name " > , for
Figure 4-18. Browsers italicize the cite element by default
Required Attributes
No attributes are required for the cite element.
Optional Attributes
There are no optional attributes for the cite element.
The q element marks up short, inline quotations (as opposed to blockquote , which you should use for
longer quotations of more than a sentence or two). Like the blockquote element, a q element may carry a
cite attribute to include the URL of the quotation's source, as you see in Listing 4-31.
Listing 4-31. The q element with a URL in a cite attribute
<p><cite>Norm Deplume</cite>, gadget reporter for <cite>Cape and Cowl
Quarterly</cite>, was impressed by our wide selection, saying that
our warehouse is <q cite="">
positively packed to the portholes with paraphernalia.</q> </p>
A web browser should automatically render the opening and closing quotation marks at the beginning and
ending of a q element, so don't add your own quotation marks with the quoted text. Furthermore, only use
the q element for actual quotations from a source, not simply to generate punctuation. Don't use a q
element to denote example terms or sarcasm; use regular quotation marks for so-called “mock quotes.”
Some older browsers (most notably Internet Explorer) didn't generate any punctuation
around q elements, so for years many web authors avoided the element entirely. But all
current versions of major web browsers—including IE since version 8—display
automatic quotation marks for the q element.
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