Java Reference
In-Depth Information
return atBatsNeeded;
The important part is that the class that defines this kind of object extends the basic class
java.lang.Exception , which in turn extends the class java.lang.Throwable . We declare a
serialVersionUID because the basic class of Throwable implements the Serializable in-
terface, and all good classes that extend that interface will declare a serialVersionUID (this
will be discussed fully in Chapter 9 ). The base class of Throwable contains a lot of inform-
ation about the context in which the exception object was thrown. For example, a full stack
trace is contained in that object, allowing the receiver of the object to find out the state of the
virtual machine when the exception was thrown. This can be an immensely valuable piece of
information when debugging, since it will give you the call history that led to the exception
being thrown.
The receiver of an object that is returned from a throw is, naturally enough, a catch clause.
In the method that called the getAverage() method, the call needs to be wrapped in a try
clause that contains a catch of the exception. An example of this is code that looks something
BatterImpl someBatter;
float avg;
avg = someBatter.getAverage();
} catch (NotEnoughAtBatsException e){
avg = 0;
printf(e.getNeeded() +
"more at bats needed for meaningful average\n");
In this code, the call to the getAverage() method occurs with a try block. Such a block
is followed by a series of catch clauses, each of which catches an Exception of a declared
type. The catch of the NotEnoughAtBatsException indicates the place where processing in
the calling function will resume if getAverage() throws the exception, and the variable e
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