HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
You can set this parameter to a JavaScript object whose property names indicate valid HTTP
header names. The property values are then set as header values in the HTTP request.
The parameter refers to a JavaScript object that contains data to be passed to the server usually
via a POST request.
Indicates the type of the expected response from a GET request. Feasible values are text (the
default), json , blob for binary content, and document for an XML object.
The WinJS.xhr object returns a JavaScript Promise object so that the developer can easily arrange
any subsequent steps following the asynchronous HTTP operation. When it comes to JavaScript
promises and asynchronous operations, you've used both then and done functions in previous
chapters, but it's useful to briefly revisit the difference between the two.
Windows 8 JavaScript (WinJS) library asynchronous operations always return a Promise object. As
the name may suggest, the object represents the promise of getting some usable data at some point
in the (near) future. So as a developer, you are allowed to specify those next steps using functions
such as Promise.done and Promise.then . Both functions indicate a future action to perform as soon as
the promised data becomes available. But what's the difference?
Promise.done and Promise.then are exactly the same except that Promise.done breaks the chain by
returning undefined instead of a Promise object. In other words, you could write code such as:
But you can't write code like this:
In other words, when you use the done function, you must be at the end of a chain of instructions.
Handling errors during HTTp requests
An HTTP request may fail for a number of reasons. For example, you may lose your connection
before the request completes, or the request may be refused by the server because it is malformed or
because you didn't provide valid credentials. Finally, the request may hang indefinitely and time out.
How do you deal with all these situations? This is just where the advanced capabilities of JavaScript
Promise objects come into play.
Both the done and then functions have the following prototype:
WinJS.xhr({ url: ... }).then(
function completed(request) {
// The request completed successfully.
function error(error) {
// The request failed for some reasons.
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