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objects. As the name suggests, the FormData object represents the form data that should accompany the
request. The append() method of the FormData object allows you to append the individual files that you
wish to upload. The code makes a POST request to a generic handler UploadFiles.ashx , which is
responsible for accepting the posted files and saving them on the server. Upon successful uploading of the
files, a success message is shown to the user.
Notice that the $.ajax() call sets contentType and processData options to false . You don't need to
provide the content type because the FormData object defaults to a content type of multipart/form-data . If
you don't set the processData option to false , $.ajax() automatically converts the data being posted to
URL-encoded form, which is undesirable.
Listing 9-24 shows how files POST ed using the $.ajax() method are handled on the server side using
the generic handler UploadFiles.ashx .
Listing 9-24. Saving Files Uploaded Using a Generic Handler
public void ProcessRequest(HttpContext context)
if (context.Request.Files.Count > 0)
HttpFileCollection files = context.Request.Files;
foreach (string key in files)
HttpPostedFile file = files[key];
string fileName = file.FileName;
fileName = context.Server.MapPath("~/uploads/" + fileName);
context.Response.ContentType = "text/plain";
context.Response.Write("File Uploaded Successfully!");
The generic handler's ProcessRequest() method saves the posted file on the server. ProcessRequest()
receives HttpContext as a parameter. This can be used to access intrinsic objects such as Request , Response ,
and Server .
The uploaded files are accessed using the Request.Files collection. Each element of the Files
collection is of type HttpPostedFile . The SaveAs() method of the HttpPostedFile class allows you to save a
file on the server. Once all the files are saved, a success message is sent to the client. This message is
displayed in the success function of the $.ajax() call.
Using the File API in ASP.NET MVC
In this section, you develop an ASP.NET MVC application that uses the File API. The application is
intended to serve two purposes: upload XML files to the server, and validate the uploaded files against an
XSD schema.
Consider a hypothetical situation in which a desktop application stores its data as XML files on the
local machine. Periodically you're required to upload the XML files thus generated to a central web server
for further processing. Such an application can use the File API to do the following:
• Ensure that only XML iles are being uploaded to the server.
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