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centered on airborne measurements of atmospheric radiation, cloud and aerosol remote sensing, and
analysis of the atmospheric radiative energy budget. Dr. Pilewskie was awarded the NASA Exceptional
Scientific Achievement Medal and is an elected member of the International Association of Meteorology
and Atmospheric Sciences International Radiation Commission. He earned his Ph.D. at the University of
CAROLUS J. SCHRIJVER is principal physicist and a Lockheed Martin Fellow of the Lockheed Martin
Advanced Technology Center. Past positions include fellow of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts
and Sciences at the Astronomical Institute of Utrecht, a research fellowship at the European Space
Agency in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, and a research associateship at the University of Colorado,
Boulder. Dr. Schrijver's research focuses on the magnetic activity of the Sun, the coupling of the Sun's
magnetic field into the heliosphere and its solar wind, and the manifestations of magnetic activity of other
Sun-like stars. In addition to scientific research, he is actively involved in developing and operating space
instrumentation: he was the science lead and later the principal investigator for the Transition Region and
Coronal Explorer mission; he is the science lead for the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly of the Solar
Dynamics Observatory (SDO), and co-investigator on the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on SDO and
on the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph Small Explorer Program. At Lockheed Martin, he is
involved in defining and developing instrumentation for potential future heliophysics missions. He has
served in NASA advisory functions, including the NASA Sun-Earth Connection strategic planning teams
for 2000 and 2003, the Panel on Theory and Modeling of the NASA Living With a Star (LWS) initiative,
the LWS Science Architecture Team, the LWS Mission Operations Working Group, the Solar-
Heliospheric Management Operations Working Group, the LWS Targeted Research and Technology
Steering Group, the Heliophysics Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council, and the science
definition teams of the Solar Orbiter and Solar Sentinels. He received his Ph.D. in astrophysics from the
University of Utrecht, the Netherlands. Prior NRC service includes membership on the Space Studies
Board and the Task Group on Ground-based Solar Research.
KA-KIT TUNG is a professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics at the University of
Washington, where he previously served as department head. Past positions include professorships at
Clarkson University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and an associateship at Harvard
University. Dr. Tung's research interests include climate sensitivity and the terrestrial response to solar
forcing and also atmospheric blocking and stratospheric blocking and ozone. He was a John Simon
Guggenheim Fellow and is currently a Boeing Endowed Professor. He is editor-in-chief of the Journal of
Atmospheric Sciences and editor of the Journal of Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems , B . Dr.
Tung received his Ph.D. in applied mathematics at Harvard University.
ABIGAIL A. SHEFFER, Study Director, joined the Space Studies Board in Fall 2009 as a Christine
Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Graduate Fellow to work on the report Visions and Voyages for
Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 . She enjoyed her fellowship so much that she continued with
the SSB to become an associate program officer. Dr. Sheffer earned her Ph.D. in planetary science from
the University of Arizona and her A.B. in geosciences from Princeton University. Since coming to the
SSB, she has worked on several additional studies, including Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object
Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies , Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Collaboration on
Space and Earth Science Missions , and Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society.
ARTHUR A. CHARO joined the SSB in 1995 as a senior program officer. He has directed studies that
have resulted in some 33 reports, notably the first National Research Council (NRC) decadal survey in
solar and space physics (2003) and in Earth science and applications from space (2007). Dr. Charo
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