Geology Reference
In-Depth Information
species). A. orientalis is the only species known
from the Usambara Mountains.
Appendix 8.2, four more species occur in the
study area.
Sp inasis (Lycaenidae). An Afro-Oriental genus
with 26 species in Africa. Mainly found in wood-
lands, but a few species also in open arid habitats
and in forests. In addiion to the single species in
Appendix 8.2, 11 more species occur in the study
irachola (Lycaenidae). The genus is well devel-
oped in Africa with 29 species; a few species
occur in the Oriental and Australian regions. The
African species are found in arid and open
habitats, woodland and forest throughout the
region. Apart from the three species in Appendix
8.2, 17 species occur in the study area.
Epamera (Lycaenidae). This genus and the next
two genera were considered subgenera of the
large African genus lolaus (over 100 species) by
Carcasson (1981). Ep amera numbers some 54
species all over Africa in open habitats, arid
woodlands, woodlands, and forests, from lowland
to highland. E. bansana occurs in Cameroun as
well (as a separate subspecies). In addition to the
species listed in Appendix 8.2, about 25 more
species have been recorded from the study area.
Anthene (Lycaenidae). The genus is widely dis-
tributed throughout the tropics of the Old World,
but best represented in Africa where 83 species
occur, in all kinds of habitats. The high number of
undescribed species in the Easten Arc mountains
alone indicates that the knowledge of this genus is
far from complete. In the study area 42 species
occur in addiion to the 10 listed in Appendix 8.2.
Uranothauma (Lycaenidae). The genus is restric-
ted to Africa. So far 18 species are known, five of
which were discovered recently in the Eastern Arc
mountains. All species occur in forest, especially
highland forest, but a few widespread species are
also found in woodland. In addiion to the species
listed in Appendix 8.2, four more species occur in
the study area.
Etesiolaus (Lycaenidae). So far a monotypic genus,
the single species known being distributed in for-
ests from West Africa to west Kenya and the
Usambara Mountains. The yet undescribed spe-
cies recorded here is, thus, the second species
from the Usambara Mountains.
lolaphilus (Lycaenidae). The genus numbers 25
species, in forest and woodland all over Africa. In
addiion to the two species in Appendix 8.2, 13
more species occur in the study area.
Castalius (Lycaenidae). n African genus of 10
species, found mainly in woodland in easten and
southern Africa but two species are also known
from West Africa. . margaitaceus is probably
represented in Cameroun by a separate subspe-
cies. With the exception of two species all species
occur in the study area.
Hp olycaena (Lycaenidae). A widespread genus in
the Old World tropics, extending eastward as far
as the Bismarck Archipelago and Australia. In
Africa 19 species are known, flying in woodland
and orest. In addiion to jacksoni, 12 more species
occur in the study area.
Abisara (Lycaenidae). About 20 species of which
11 occur in the Afrotropical Region and the rest
in the Oriental Region. They are forest butter-
flies, widespread in Africa but not found south of
Angola and Malawi. In addiion to elicata (which
is also found in Cameroun), three more species
occur only in the study area.
Piloeuorix (Lycaenidae). The genus, together
with the next and a number of other genera, was
placed as a subgenus of Deudoix by Carcasson
(1981). In this sense, Deuoix is widespread in
the Old World ropics, extending to the southwest
Pacific islands. Pilodeuoix is resricted to Africa.
It numbers 11 species, in woodland and forest all
over Africa. Apart from the species listed in
Charxes (Nymphalidae). A large genus of the Old
World tropics, with some 150 species in the
Afrotropical Region (one species of which extends
Search WWH ::

Custom Search