HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
call the method toDataURL , which saves the canvas as an image with a default mime type of png. You can also save in
other formats, such as jpeg and gif, as well by setting the correct mime type.
Having the canvas element handle animations is another huge plus for designers—particularly animators.
Animations can be handled in several different ways in the browser. Listing 4-10 shows the most logical approach in
HTML5-compliant browsers, the requestAnimationFrame method.
Listing 4-10. Using Canvas for Animations
var canvas = document.getElementById('adCanvas');
var context = canvas.getContext('2d');
var gradient = context.createLinearGradient(0, 0, 200, 200);
gradient.addColorStop(0, '#000000');
gradient.addColorStop(1, '#999999');
context.fillStyle = gradient;
var x = 0, y = 0;
var shapeWidth = 50, shapeHeight = 50;
var speed = 12;
function animate() {
reqAnimFrame = window.mozRequestAnimationFrame || window.webkitRequestAnimationFrame ||
window.msRequestAnimationFrame || window.oRequestAnimationFrame;
x += Math.round(speed);
if (x <= 0 || x >= canvas.width - shapeWidth) {
speed = Math.round(−speed);
function draw() {
context.clearRect(0, 0, 500, 170);
context.fillRect(x, y, shapeWidth, shapeHeight);
As can be seen in the listing, the canvas element handles animations by utilizing requestAnimationFrame pretty
easily; it tells the browser you are intentionally trying to animate something. First, grab the canvas element and add
its 2D context (nothing new there). Then add some setup vars (variables) to control x, y, width, height, and speed of
the animation. Next, set up a function called animate , which calls itself every time the frame is requested and calls the
draw method.
Functions are called methods when they are attached to an object.
Finally, inside the draw method are two methods, clearRect and fillRect , that are responsible for
clearing and drawing the square to the screen. Just remember to include the entire list of vendor prefixes for the
requestAnimationFrame (for the time being) if you're targeting requirements include all the modern HTML5 browsers.
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