HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
One of the grouping elements that you probably shouldn't use for more than grouping the
head from the rest of the page (if even that) is the <hr> tag. h e hr element (horizontal rule)
is simply a line, but it should be used judiciously and sparsely. Take for example, the following
excerpt from the poem “Kubla Khan” by Samuel Taylor Coleridge:
In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
A stately pleasure-dome decree:
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
h rough caverns measureless to man
Down to a sunless sea.
So twice i ve miles of fertile ground
With walls and towers were girdled round;
And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills,
Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;
And here were forests ancient as the hills,
Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.
But oh! that deep romantic chasm which slanted
Down the green hill athwart a cedarn cover!
A savage place! as holy and enchanted
As e'er beneath a waning moon was haunted
By woman wailing for her demon-lover!
h e three stanzas are divided by a simple double space, as is the title. However, if <hr> tags
are inserted, as in the following listing ( HR.html in this chapter's folder at www.wiley.
com/go/smashinghtml5 ), you'll see a quite dif erent result in terms of an integrated sense
of the poem.
< html >
< head >
< style type = ”text/css” >
/*A1A680,D9D7BA,D90404,8C0303,590202 */
body {
background - color : #A1A680;
color : #590202;
font - family : ”Palatino Linotype” , “Book Antiqua” , Palatino , serif ;
font - size : 8px ;
h4 {
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