Travel Reference
In-Depth Information
21st-16th centuries BC Xia dynasty
16th-11th centuries BC Shang dynasty
11th century to 771 BC Zhou dynasty
770-476BC Spring and Autumn Period - China fragments into city states and small king-
457-221 BC Warring States - China's fragmentation continues
221-207 BC Qin dynasty
206 BC-220 AD Han dynasty
222-280 Three Kingdoms Period: China is divided into three competing territories, the
Wei, Shu Han and Wu
265-420 Jin dynasty
420-581 Southern dynasties and Northern dynasties - rapid succession of short-lived dyn-
581-618 Sui dynasty - China united for the first time since Han dynasty
618-907 Tang dynasty
907-1125 Liao dynasty
1125-1234 Jin (Jurchen) dynasty
1271-1368 Yuan dynasty
1368-1644 Ming dynasty
1644-1911 Qing dynasty
1911-45 Republic founded, its fall followed by civil war between Nationalists and Com-
munists, and Japanese occupation
1945-49 Further period of civil conflict between Guomindang and the Communist
People's Liberation Army
1949 Communists take power over mainland China; establishment of People's Republic
Peking man ( Homo erectus pekinensis ) walked the Beijing area from 750,000-250,000 BC,
as evidenced by a number of fossils unearthed in caves between 1921 and 1937 near the vil-
lage of Zhoukoudian, a site around 60km southwest of what is today the city centre. Homo
sapiens inhabited the same area at a later date (c.30,000 BC); tools and bone fragments from
this time have also been discovered in Wangfujing, right in the middle of the modern city.
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