Biomedical Engineering Reference
In-Depth Information
Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) Cortical brain region responsible for
motor planning
Electroencephalography (EEG) Technique for recording electrical brain activity
using surface electrodes on the scalp
Electromagnetic Induction By Faraday's Law, a changing magnetic field results
in an electrical current across a conductor
Electromyography (EMG) Technique for recording of electrical potentials of
skeletal muscles
(ES) Micro
(technical) system
Emergency stop (e-stop) Sudden/instantaneous stop of a robot or system in case
of an emergency situation
Force-Torque-Acceleration (FTA) Combination of measured forces and torques
with accelerations
FT Force-Torque
functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) Based on a changing BOLD-
contrast, brain activity is imaged with MRI
Galvanic isolation A disconnection of functional parts of electrical system to
avoid current flow
Graphical User Interface (GUI) Software program allowing for user interaction
Gyrus Frontalis Medius (GFM) Gyrus in the frontal lobe of the human brain
Hand-Eye Calibration Simultaneous calculation of two spatial relationships in a
circle of spatial relationships
High Definition (HD) A higher resolution for digital images, video and television
with a resolution of 1920 1080 pixels
I/O Input/Output
In vivo Process that runs in a living organism
Industrial robot A multipurpose manipulator with at least three axes (typically
with six axes), that is automatically controlled
Inertia Measurement Unit (IMU) Sensor that measures the acceleration with
respect to the gravity, also named accelerometer
Integrated Circuit (IC) Chip that contains an electric circuit which consists of a
set of electric components
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