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called, calls the original function with the bound object as the this value. In other
words, it provides the functionality we just implemented manually, and could be
considered the deferred companion to call and apply . Using bind , we could
update anchorLightbox as shown in Listing 6.3.
Listing 6.3 Using bind
function anchorLightbox(anchor, options) {
/* ... */
anchor.onclick =;
/* ... */
Because not all browsers yet implement this highly useful function, we can
conditionally provide our own implementation for those browsers that lack it.
Listing 6.4 shows a simple implementation.
Listing 6.4 Implementation of bind
if (!Function.prototype.bind) {
Function.prototype.bind = function (thisObj) {
var target = this;
return function () {
return target.apply(thisObj, arguments);
The implementation returns a function—a closure —that maintains its reference
to the thisObj argument and the function itself. When the returned function is
executed, the original function is called with this explicitly set to the bound object.
Any arguments passed to the returned function is passed on to the original function.
Adding the function to Function.prototype means it will be available
as a method on all function objects, so this refers to the function on which the
method is called. In order to access this value we need to store it in a local variable
in the outer function. As we saw in the previous chapter, this is calculated upon
entering a new execution context and is not part of the scope chain. Assigning it to
a local variable makes it accessible through the scope chain in the inner function.
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