HTML5 is the latest HTML specification, although it is actually more of an umbrella term
for all the latest technologies that are used on the Web. This includes HTML, CSS3 mod-
in more detail in Chapter 10 .
HTML5 has proven to be very popular and is emerging as a dominant standard for web
In 2009, Ryan Dahl developed Node.js, which allows server-side applications to be written
and outputs in an event-driven environment. This allows the creation of fast and powerful
be exceptionally popular and its usage continues to grow. This has increased the interest in
The popularity of Node,js has lead to an interesting development known as Isomorphic
client- or server-side: if a browser is unable to run the code, it can be run on the server and
downloaded, or if the server is unavailable, the code can be run on the client.
beyond simply making web pages interactive. A big growth area at the moment is Single
pecially as the graphical ability of browsers continues to improve.
8 desktop widgets, and Firefox OS and Chrome OS applications. Many non web-related
ity to PDF documents, create HTML templates (Mustache), interact with a database (Mon-
goDB), and even control robots (Cylon.js)!
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