Java Reference
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var square = document.getElementById("square");
var angle = 0;
setInterval(function() {
angle = (angle + 5)%360 = "rotate(" + angle + "deg)"
}, 1000/6)
This code receives a reference to our square div and then sets a variable called angle to 0.
We then use the setInterval() method to increase the value of angle by 5 (we also
use the % operator so that it resets to 0 at 360), then set the transform CSS3 property
to rotate that number of degrees. The second argument is 1000/60 , which equates to a
frame speed of 60 frames per second.
Open animation.htm in your browser and you should see a rotating square, although it will
probably be quite slow and not very smooth. This was the only way to achieve animation
using JavaScript until the window.requestAnimationFrame() method was deve-
This method of the window object works in much the same way as the win-
dow.setInterval() method, although it has a number of improvements to optimize
its performance. These include making the most of the browser's built-in graphics-handling
capabilities and not running the animation when the tab is inactive, resulting in a much
smoother performance. It is supported in all major browsers, including Internet Explorer
from version 10 onwards. Change the code in scripts.js to the following:
var square = document.getElementById("square");
var angle = 0;
function rotate() {
angle = (angle + 5)%360 = "rotate(" + angle + "deg)"
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