Environmental Engineering Reference
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ing to a generally arranged project and lacking that formal and compositional
balance we often evoke, effectively responds to some fundamental relation-
ships between places for work and places for living or trade 3 . All of this does
not mean that it can be considered satisfactory, nor should it simply be filed
away. It is a system that has been well composed, first by planning its revision,
but not losing its present positive pragmatism. Even more disregarded as an
everyday problem is the graphical representation of the transformative dynam-
ics of the city. Good representation certainly favors better participation by city
government representatives 4 .
In the literature, there are numerous studies on interpreting the dynamics of
the diffuse city 5 . One recent publication on a study area in the Umbria
region 6 can be considered original in the way in which, by using a wide and
diverse range of knowledge and skills, it introduces new planning interpreta-
tion methods for the landscape, encouraging the incessant comparison between
natural processes , inherited cultural values , and new contemporary opportu-
nities carried along by the fluxes [29]. The changes that have affected Umbria
in recent years, with regard to the size and means of development, have been
in some ways unforeseeable (Figs. 4.14-4.16). In such a perspective, the fol-
lowing elements acquire particular importance: interpretive and descriptive
activities leading to a recognition of hierarchy; ever more difficult distinctions
between center and periphery or between city and countryside ; typological
conceptualizations; and research from a particular perspective to decode the
multitude of objects and subjects that “ we recognize today in the city ” [30].
In the course of defining some types of landscape environments where urban
and rural areas meet, the research awaits a vision that first allows for recogni-
tion and then for a continuous ordered story between tradition and contemporary
3 A well-known case is the functional organization of the Marche [region] footwear district. More
information can be found in: Corradini F, Dini G (2009) Logistica su misura. Franco Angeli,
4 For a closer examination, see: Carta M (2011) La rappresentazione nel progetto di territorio,
Florence University Press; Gambino R (1999) Le rappresentazioni come scelte di valore. Report
to the seminar “Rappresentanza e rappresentazione nella pianificazione territoriale.” IUAV,
Venice, 16 December 1999; Magnaghi A (1999) La ricerca sugli atlanti territoriali. Report to the
Seminar “Rappresentanza e rappresentazione nella pianificazione territoriale”. IUAV, Venice, 16
December 1999; Beigel F, Christou P (1997) Paisajes épicos. In: Nuevos Territorios. Nuevos
Paisajes. List Actar, Trento-Barcelona; Berger A (2007) Designing the reclaimed landscape.
Taylor & Francis, New York; Morales Yago FJ (2007) Agua y paysaje en Yecla. Ayuntamiento de
Yecla; Solá Morales M (1979) La cultura della descrizione/The culture of description. In: Lotus
International, no. 23, April 1979. Electa, Milan.
5 Several volumes include an important bibliography, e.g. Barbieri P (ed) (2008) Opere pubbliche
e città adriatica. Indirizzi per la qualificazione dei progetti urbani e territoriali. List Actar, Trento-
Barcelona; Barbieri P (ed) Hyper Adriatica. Op2 Opere pubbliche e città adriatica. List Actar,
Trento-Barcelona; Bianchetti C (2003) Abitare la città contemporanea. Skira, Milan.
6 The research, coordinated by Massimo Sargolini, was carried out by a working group at the
University of Camerino in 2009-2010, within the activities of the Laboratory for Rural Landscape
and Biodiversity.
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