Environmental Engineering Reference
Bios , Techne , and Logos
Tomas Kačerauska 1 conducted an etymological study on a few keywords asso-
ciated with globalization: bios , techne , and logos . He carried out this study in
the field of existential phenomenology, and suggested that our body is not sep-
arable from the spiritual environment. Te c h n e manages the creation of inter-
active components between body and spirit. In transposing the reflection to a
more extensive, planetary field, biological life ( bios ) is an inseparable part of
the entire space-time system and is immersed in the spiritual environment.
Conceptual reflection and language ( logos ) allow the context of the spiritual
environment to be defined. The art of creation and also of continuous interven-
tion activities on the planet keep this unavoidable intertwining in mind.
Therefore, just as we can never imagine our body separate from the machines
that surround us, it is likewise impossible to think of the Earth without the
transformational activities of humans. Techne is the center of our reflections
and applications ( logos ), while always maintaining close contact with bios .
The relevance of technique in the modern age is introduced by Emanuele
Severino's reflection on our civilization at the end of the 1970s:
The contrast between Marxism and technology in Russia (and in the world)
is destined to resolve itself in favor of technology , because it has on its side
such arguments as to produce in the masses the conviction that technology
can realize what the Marxist revolution has only been known to contem-
plate, that is, the liberation of humans from need .
Severino discusses the motive for which religious and social problems become
purely technical problems. Furthermore, the attention to voices of science and
technique seems also to include poets and writers, who tend to align with these