Environmental Engineering Reference
In-Depth Information
The second takes its movements from the nodes of the REM. They derive
from the integration of the system of areas of environmental prestige with
other areas of particular biodiversity importance identified within the
The cognitive frameworks are organized into two large systems: biological
and anthropic. For the first, the following maps have been produced: unit of
vegetation landscape (Fig. 8.7.1); potential vegetation (Fig. 8.7.2), naturality
and geobotanical worth (Fig. 8.7.3); habitat of community interest (Fig. 8.7.4);
and average cenotic faunal index. For the second, the following maps have
been produced: settlement organization (Fig. 8.7.5); landscape fragmentation:
index of infrastructure fragmentation (Fig. 8.7.6); landscape fragmentation:
index of urban fragmentation (Fig. 8.7.7); potential environmental fragmenta-
tion: sensitivity to settlement development (Fig. 8.7.8).
The botanical analysis , through the interpretation of the phytosociological
map of vegetation, forms the basis for the ecosystem reading on which the
REM is based. The faunal investigations have been realized from two differ-
ent points of view (which converge in the project phase): animal communities
and target species. The investigations regarding the anthropic organization
have highlighted human settlement forms and modes in relationship with the
socio-economic systems of reference, also highlighting elements and contexts
of potential worth or criticism. In addition, the analysis of the ongoing plan-
ning and programming is focused on the following items: territory and land-
scape, infrastructure organization, and sectoral planning.
The interpretational framework , by integrating different cognitive
frameworks, identifies the characterization of the environmental system
Reading the narrative of structures and the relationships that form the
regional ecological fabric. This is a transdisciplinary vision within the
regional territory, with the aim of highlighting the mechanisms and
processes at the basis of the functioning of the biological system in the
Marche Region. It is noteworthy that while the main ecosystem units (Fig.
8.7.9) are located near the Apennine ridges, where the large transregional
connection systems (Fig. 8.7.10) are sited, the functional ecological units
are of interest to the entire territory, including the large settlement areas on
the Adriatic coast (Fig. 8.7.11).
Reading the nodes/corridors , which aims to highlight portions of the ter-
ritory with special functions with respect to species and groups of selected
species within the ecological fabric. This has led to the definition and char-
acterization of nodes with respect to environmental systems. It is notewor-
thy that the entire territory is interested in the presence of nodes that are
important for bioconnections : those related to the grassland (Fig. 8.7.12)
and rupestral environments (Fig. 8.7.13) prevalent in the mountainous area;
those related to forest environments in the foothill zone (Fig. 8.7.14);
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