Environmental Engineering Reference
In-Depth Information
it is overly optimistic to consider that all hazards can be planned for; thus,
a better term for the plan is a multihazard emergency operations plan (EOP).
The EOP includes (1) a basic plan, an overview of the general approach to
emergency management; (2) functional annexes in support of the basic plan to
address specific activities critical to emergency response and recovery; and (3)
hazard-specific appendices to the plan that address specified emergency situa-
tions. Dealing with the aspects common to all hazards first and then examining
hazard-specific characteristics unique to the planning district is both efficient and
Basic Plan The basic EOP is an umbrella plan that contains a substantial
amount of the generally applicable organizational and operational detail. The
basic plan cites the legal authority for the plan, summarizes the situations
addressed, explains the concept of operations, and describes the organization
and responsibilities for emergency planning and operations. The basic plan
should also include maps, organization charts, and the emergency responsibility
resources and
environmentally vulnerable areas within the planning area.
Functional Annexes The generic functional annexes define and describe the
policies, procedures, roles, and responsibilities that are inherent in the functions
before, during, and after an emergency. These should include standard operating
procedures, which are user friendly, checklist-type instructions for the various
segments of the emergency response organization to execute the functions defined
in the annexes. A telephone roster listing the names and phone numbers of key
members of the emergency response organization (and their alternates) should
be provided. Additional information that should be contained in the annexes is
local environmental data. This would include critical habitat areas, water supply
information, groundwater resources, and potentially sensitive receptors such as
hospitals and schools.
One area too often overlooked in the local planning process is the step taken
to return to normal conditions following an emergency. It is suggested that the
planning team visit a community where an emergency event has previously
occurred to learn from them what recovery problems they faced and how they
resolved them.
Hazard-Specific Appendices The unique characteristics of hazards iden-
tified specific to the local planning district are included as appendices to the
functional plan. A single appendix should address all response function require-
ments related to a particular hazard.
Plan Integration
Coordination of contingency planning between industry and community is nec-
essary to develop mutually acceptable solutions to anticipated events. Should an
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