Environmental Engineering Reference
In-Depth Information
For many training needs, the best approach is not provision of an academic
type course, but to include in the planning of a major development project
sufficient budget to enable the expat team to give lecturers as the project
continues for explaining to the DC team members the “why and how” of
the tasks being managed by the expats 94 . But this is almost never done. The
IAAs still haven't grasped this basic concept; they still think the TT occurs
simply by “rub-off.”
Another good approach for O&M training, for example, for water supply
and/or sewage treatment plants, is to use experts on O&M from the ICs who
make periodic visits (like a circuit judges in early Western U.S. history) to
a number of plants. Retired IC experts are often willing to accept these
assignments. This system is much more effective than academic training
because, when the expat arrives at the plant, the plant O&M manager is
very happy to get guidance from the expat on immediate urgent O&M
problems. At that time, he the manager is keenly interested in learning,
but at an academic course (where the manager has no immediate urgent
problems), he often is not very keen to learn.
The author's recommendations are discussed in the 2006 publication, “How the
Asian Development Bank Can Improve Their Technology Transfer Operations fro
Water/Sanitation Projects in Developing Countries” 93 . These recommendations
are summarized in this chapter in the section on “Introduction” (and also in the
section on “Urban Water Supply”).
This section summarizes efforts by the IAA/DC practitioners for regional devel-
opment planning in the DCs, with the goal of selecting development projects
that can best contribute to continuing DC sustainable development. The section
includes subsections on (1) the need to give much more attention to providing for
the rural poverty poor, (2) the need to assign money values to represent (in project
economic analyses) the intrinsic value of precious eco-resources, (3) development
of a practical methodology for achieving integrated economic-cum-environmental
planning methodology so that project investments will best contribute to sustain-
able development, and (4) role of women for alleviating poverty.
Social Parameters: Attention to Rural Poverty Poor
Background Over the last decade, the affluent ICs, represented by the Group
of 8, and the IAAs, including the U.N., have increasingly recognized that, while
new technologies are improving the overall economics of DCs, nevertheless
the gap between family income for urbanites and ruralites has generally been
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