HTML and CSS Reference
In-Depth Information
FIGURE 1-16 A message showing the number of <p> elements with the specified class name subPara
This example adds a little more text to the message box so that it looks different from the
previous example, but the idea is the same. All <p> elements with the subPara class assigned
to them were returned in a NodeList . You can see that the call returned four HTML elements.
When selecting elements in the DOM by class name, the NodeList contains all elements
whose class matches the specified class—not just elements of the same type. If, for example,
you assigned the class subPara to one of your <div> elements and then ran the function
again, the returned NodeList would contain the four <p> elements and the <div> element
because they all have the same class. This is important when you intend to iterate over the
elements and do something to them. In Figure 1-17, the same JavaScript code is run, but with
an added subPara class attribute to a <div> element.
FIGURE 1-17 The same script run with a <div> assigned the class name subPara
This message box is now actually incorrect, because the NodeList contains a single
<div> element and the four <p> elements. Keep this behavior in mind concerning the
getElementsByClassName method.
All the methods you have looked at so far to find elements in the DOM provide a specific
implementation for a specific purpose. If you want a single element by its unique ID, you use
the getElementById method; if you want to find an element or all the elements of a specific
CSS class, you use the getElementsByClassName method. Now look at some examples that
use the much more flexible querySelector and querySelectorAll methods.
The querySelector and querySelectorAll methods allow you to achieve most of what you've
already done with the other methods. Both methods take a parameter in the form of a CSS
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